Buddhism and Jainism – Facts, Teachings

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Buddhism and Jainism – Facts, Teachings

Basic facts About Buddhism And Jainism

 

Origin Buddhism Jainism
Founder Gautam Buddha (Siddharta) Mahavira
Birth place of
the founder
Lumbini Gardens,
Kapilavastu
(Indo-Nepal border)
Kunda Grama near
Vaishali in Bihar
Death place of
the founder
Kusinagara (Kasia),
Uttar Pradesh
Rajgir, Bihar

 

Similarities between Buddhism and Jainism

Similarities Buddhism Jainism
Place of
Origin
India India
Believer of Non Violence / Ahimsa Non Violence / Ahimsa
Rejects Vedic Rituals, Sacrifices
and Caste System
Vedic Rituals, Sacrifices
and Caste System
End Goal Nirvana – Freeing oneself
from the cycle of birth
and death
Moksha – Saving the soul
from the cycle of rebirths.

 

Differences between Buddhism and Jainism

Differences Buddhism Jainism
Founder Gautam Buddha (Siddharta) Mahavira
Birth place
of the
founder
Lumbini Gardens,
Kapilavastu
(Indo-Nepal border)
Kunda Grama
near Vaishali in Bihar
Death place
of the
founder
Kusinagara (Kasia),
Uttar Pradesh
Rajgir, Bihar
Place of
Worship
Monasteries Temples
Important
Tenets / Teaching
Aryasatya
(Four noble truths):-Dukkha – The world is full
of sorrow-Samudaya – Every sorrow
has a cause whose roots lie
in greed, desire &
attachment.

-Niroda – Sorrow can be
removed

-Magga – The way to remove

Triratna (‘Three Jewels’, or the
‘Three Treasures’):

-Buddha (the yellow jewel) –
To achieve Buddhahood (Enlightenment
for the sake of all beings):
to understand the nature
of reality absolutely clearly
& to live naturally
in accordance with that.

-Dharma (the blue jewel) – the
teaching of the Buddha

-Sangha (the red jewel) –
To have the right company of
spiritually productive people
& to learn about the lives
of noble/spiritual people

 

Triratna (Threefold Refuge
or Three Jewels):-Samyak darshana
(right faith)-Samyak jnana
(right knowledge)

-Samyak charitra
(right conduct)

Anuvrata (partial vows):
These
doctrines apply
to the common man.:

-Ahimsa or abstinence from
gross violence

-Satya or abstinence from
gross falsehood

-Asteya or abstinence from
gross stealing

-Contentment with one’s
own wife

-Limitation of one’s
possessions

Doctrines
to Apply
Ashtangika Marga (Eightfold path):

-Samyak drishti (right view) –
To understand the nature of
things, specifically the Aryasatya

-Samyak sankalp
(right intention)

-Samyak vaani (right speech) –
To refrain from verbal
misdeeds such as lying, divisive
speech, harsh speech, &
senseless speech

-Samyak karmant (right
actions/activities)

-Samyak aajiv (right
livelihood) – To earn the
livelihood in the
right & just manner
and without harming others
and the nation.

-Samyak vyayam
(right effort) –
To keep mind pious,
righteous, positive &
productive & to suppress
negative thoughts &
assumptions.

-Samyak smriti (right mindfulness) –
To be mindful & remain aware.

-Samyak samadhi (right focus
/concentration) – To remain
calm & maintain a steady
state of mind both at times
of happiness & hardships.

Mahavrata (great vows):
These doctrines apply to
the saints.:-Asteya: Do not steal-Satya: Do not lie

-Aparigraha: Do not
acquire property

-Ahimsa: Even small living
animals have a soul and no
one should be
harmed

-Brahmacharya: Observe
chastity

Religious
Texts
Tripitakas written in the
Pali language:-Sutta-pitaka-Vinaya-pitaka

-Abhidhamma-pitaka

-Agam,
written in Ardha Magadhi
or Prakrit language, consists
of original scriptures.-Non-agam
consists of commentary &
explanation of Agam
literature & independent
works, complied by elder
monks, nuns & scholars.
They are written
in many languages such
as Prakrit, Sanskrit, Old
Marathi, Gujarati,
Hindi, Kannad, Tamil,
German & English.