1. The global challenges we face are so _________ and tricky that we need a solution to match their scale and complexity.
    I) Urgent
    II) Crucial
    III) Negligible

    A Only II
    B Only I
    C Only III
    D Both I & III
    E Both I & II
    The sentence talks about the seriousness of the global challenges faced by us, hence ‘negligible’ doesn’t fit the blank correctly as it means something that is so small or unimportant as to be not worth considering i.e. insignificant.
    On the other hand, ‘urgent’ and ‘crucial’ means the same, i.e. something requiring immediate action or attention.
    Thus, the words ‘urgent’ and ‘crucial’ fit the blank appropriately.


  2. Ongoing sea level rises have already ______________ several low-lying islands in the Sundarbans, displacing thousands of people.I) Submerged
    II) Drought
    III) Immersed

    1 Only II
    2 Only I
    3 Only III
    4 Both I & III
    5 Both I & II
    The sentence talks about the rise in sea levels causing several islands to get immersed. ‘Drought’ means a prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, leading to a shortage of water, and is hence an incorrect and meaningless fit here.
    On the other hand, the words ‘immersed’ and ‘submerged’ mean the same, i.e. to cause (something) to be under water, and hence are the correct fit for the blank here.


  3. Smoking _____________ your bones and can cause them to become weak.
    I) Affects
    II) Effects
    III) Affecting

    A Only II
    B Only I
    C Only III
    D Both I & III
    E Both I & II
    The sentence talks about how smoking has a bad ‘effect’ on our bones. ‘Affect’ is usually a verb, and it means to impact or change. ‘Effect’ is usually a noun, an effect is the result of a change. ‘Affecting’ is the present continuous of ‘affect’, which is incorrect use in this sentence, as the sentence is in simple present. Therefore, ‘affects’ is the only word which fits the blank correctly.


  4. _______________ are part of America’s ever-growing “nones” with no religious affiliation at all.
    I. She and I
    II. I and She
    III. Her and I

    A Only I
    B Only II
    C Only III
    D Both I and II
    E Both II and III
    We know that pronouns have three cases: nominative (I, you, he, she, it, they), possessive (my, your, his, her, their), and objective (me, him, her, him, us, them).
    As per the correct order, we always use the nominative case when the pronoun is the subject of the sentence, and always put the other person’s name first! So, here it should be “She and I” making option A the correct answer.


  5. He proved himself to be a diligent and _____________ legislator, and devoted himself specially to the improvement of native schools.I. labour
    II. laborious
    III. labourer

    A Only III
    B Both I and III
    C Only II
    D Both II and III
    E All I, II and III
    The given blank needs an adjective to describe the noun ‘legislator’. Off the given options only ‘laborious’ is an adjective meaning requiring considerable time and effort.