Important Points about Himachal Pradesh 

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Important Points about Himachal Pradesh 

The name ‘Himachal’ was coined from Sanskrit him means ‘snow’ and achal means ‘mountain’, by Acharya Diwakar Datt Sharma, one of the state’s most eminent Sanskrit scholars. A lesser known fact is that Himachal Pradesh, which is famous for its natural beauty, hill stations, and temples produces surplus hydroelectricity and sells it to states like Delhi, Punjab, Rajasthan, etc. Let’s read more about Himachal Pradesh and its diverse and beautiful Himalayan landscapes that attract tourists from all over the world.

Himachal Pradesh

Capital &
Imp Cities
– Shimla (Summers) & Dharamsala (Winters)
– Shimla, Kullu, Mandi and Hamirpur.
Date of
Formation
– After India’s independence in 1947, there
was a demand in some quarters for the merger
of Hill state with east Punjab but it met with
opposition from the rulers and people.

– In what is Himachal Pradesh today, Praja
Mandal workers and rulers had different
opinions about the future of these hilly
states. They decided to inform Govt. of
India to form a union of these small
hill states with name ‘Himachal Pradesh’.

– As a result, Himachal Pradesh came
into being as part ‘C’ State of the
Indian Union on 15th April, 1948
by merger together of 31 big & small hill states.

– Himachal Pradesh was conferred
statehood on 25th January 1971.

Districts 12
Languages – Hindi (Official Language) &
English (Additional official language)

– Pahari, Dogri, Mandeali, Kangri and Kinnauri.

Known
as/for
Fruit bowl of the country,
All Seasons’ State & Apple State
All houses have a toilet & 100% hygiene
has been achieved in the state. Also,
Physical
characteristics
Entirely hilly region Himachal Pradesh
can be divided into 3 distinct regions:
– Shivalik or Outer Himalayas
– Middle Himalayas or Inner Himalayas
– Greater Himalayas or the Alpine zone
The state lies on foothills of Dhauladhar range.
The climate varies from hot & subhumid tropical
to cold & glacial. While Dharamsala receives
heavy rainfall, Lahaul-Spiti gets less rainfall.
Natural
Vegetation
– Forest cover = 66.52%
– High diversity of Medicinal & Aromatic plants
– The state government is gearing up to make
Himachal Pradesh the flower basket of the world.
– Has around 463 birds, 77 mammalian, 44 reptile
and 80 fish species.
– 30 wildlife sanctuaries & 3 conservation reserves.
– Alpine to the north-east gradually
transforms to dry temperate grasslands
through moist temperate while
moving to the southwest
Major rivers – Satluj flows from Rakas Tal near
Manasarovar Lake to the Chenab
– Ravi flowing from Bhandal &
Tantgiri glaciers in Chamba in
Himachal Pradesh to the Indus.
– Beas flowing from Vyas Kund
at Rohtang Pass to the Sutlej
– Chenab flowing from Bara Lacha
pass to the Sutlej
– Yamuna flows from Kalinda Parbat
in Uttarakhand to the Ganga
(Triveni Sangam – the Ganga,
Yamuna & the invisible Saraswati
river at Allahabad)
Major
Regional
festivals
Halda, Lohri, Baisakhi,
Himachal Winter carnival,
Kullu Dussehra, Phulaich,
Lossar, Gotsi, Sairi, Faguli
Major art
forms
– Schools of painting: Kangra,
Chamba, Basohli, Garhwal, Thangka
– Dance: Kayang Mala dance,
Demon or Rakshasa Dance, Shan,
Shabu and Shabbo dance,
Dalshone and Cholamba,
Keekali, Kullu Natti dance
Industry  – Over 93% of the population in
Himachal depends directly upon
agriculture, which provides direct
employment to 71% of its people.
– Electronics, toys, etc.
Minerals Rock salt, limestone, gypsum,
silica-sand, and baryte
Agriculture  – Wheat, rice, maize, barley,
apples, plums, olives, figs.
– Apple (major cash crop)
avg. annual production – 5 lakh tonnes
constitute 49% of total area under fruit crops
and 85% of total fruit production in the state
with an estimated economy of 3500 crore
and per hectare production of 8 to 10 tonnes.
– Apples from Himachal are also exported
to Indian states and other countruies.
Geographical indications Kullu shawl, Kangra Tea,
Chamba Rumal, Kinnauri Shawl
State animal Snow leopard
State bird Western tragopan (Jujurana)
State flower Common rhododendron
Important
historical sites
Ruined fort and rock inscription in Kangra,
Bhim-ka-Tila in: Buddhist Stupa in Kangra,
Katoch Palace in Hamirpur,
Phoo Gumpha in Tabo,
Vice Regal Lodge in Shimla
World heritage
sites
Great Himalayan National Park,
Kalka-Shimla Railway under
Mountain Railways of India
Ramsar sites Chandra Taal, Pong Dam Lake, Renuka Lake
Biodiversity
hotspots
Endemic
bird areas
Western Himalaya
Bird
sanctuaries
Gamgul Siahbehi Sanctuary
National
parks
– Great Himalayan National Park
– Pin Valley National Park,
Inderkilla National Park,
Khirganga National Park,
Simbalbara National Park
Biosphere
Reserve
Cold Desert Biosphere Reserve:

Pin Valley National Park
and surroundings, Chandra Taal,
Sarchu & Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife
Sanctuaries
Bandli WLS, Chail WLS
Chandratal WLS, Churdhar WLS
Daranghati WLS, Dhauladhar WLS
Gamgul Siyabehi WLS, Kais WLS
Kalatop-Khajjiar WLS, Kanawar WLS
Khokhan WLS, Kibber WLS
Kugti WLS, Lippa Asrang WLS
Majathal WLS, Manali WLS
Nargu WLS, Pong Dam Lake WLS
Renuka WLS, Rupi Bhaba WLS
Sangla Valley (Rakchham Chitkul) WLS
Sech Tuan Nala WLS
Sainj WLS, Shikari Devi WLS
Shimla Water Catchment WLS
Talra WLS, Tirthan WLS, Tundah WLS