Important Points about Punjab

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Important Points about Punjab

Punjab

Capital Chandigarh
(Joint capital with Haryana)
Formed on 1st November 1966
Districts &
Important
Cities
22
– Chandigadh
– Amritsar
– Patiala
– Ludhiana
Language Punjabi,
Saraiki dialect,
Malwai dialect,
Doabi dialect,
Pothwari,
Pwadhi dialect,
Majhi dialect
Known
as/for
– Land of Five Rivers
– Granary of India
– Largest Orange
producing state
in India
Physical
Characteristics
– Due to 5 rivers,
Punjab is a
fertile plain.
– Southeast region
is semi-arid &
transforms into
desert landscape.
– A belt of hills
along the northeastern
part of state,
at the foot Himalayas.
Natural
Vegetation
– Moist temperate
in the north-east
– Tropical thorn towards
south west (majority)
– Tropical moist
deciduous in between
Major
Rivers
– Beas flowing from
Vyas Kund at Rohtang
Pass to the Sutlej
– Satluj flowing from
Rakas Tal near
Manasarovar Lake
to the Chenab
– Kali Bein
Major
Regional
Festivals
Lohri,
Hola Mohalla,
Baisakhi,
Guru Nanak Jayanti,
Rakhri Vaisakhi
Major Art
Forms
Bhangra, Giddha,
Jhumar, Luddi,
Dankara, Dhamal,
Jaago, Kikli, Gatka
Important
Tradition
Chowk poorna
(Mud wall painting)
Industry Cotton, sugar,
dairy products,
machine tools,
automobile parts,
chemicals, textiles,
sports goods,
leather goods,
hydel power
Minerals Gypsum
Iron
Agriculture Wheat, rice,
gram, barley,
mustard (oilseeds),
maize, sugar cane,
cotton, pulses.
Geographical
Indications
Phulkari (Punjab,
Haryana & Rajasthan)
State animal Blackbuck
State bird Baaz
State flower Lilium candidum
(Madonna lily)
Important
Historical sites
– Harappan sites
-Ropar
(Rupnagar district)
– Jallianwala Bagh
(Amritsar)
World Heritage
Sites
Ramsar sites – Harike Wetland
– Kanjli Wetland
– Ropar Wetland
Wildlife
Sanctuaries
– Abohar WS
– Bir Aishvan WS
– Bir Bhadson WS
– Bir Bunerheri WS
– Bir Dosanjh WS
– Bir Gurdialpura WS
– Bir Mehaswala WS
– Bir Motibagh WS
– Harike Lake WS
– Jhajjar Bacholi WS
– Kathlaur Kushlian WS
– Takhni – Rehampur WS
– Nangal WS