Important Points about Haryana

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Important Points about Haryana

Haryana
Capital &
Major
Cities
Chandigarh
Faridabad, Hisar, Gurgaon,
Panipat, Karnal, Rohtak,
Kurukshetra
Formed
On
1 November 1966
The Punjabi Suba movement
wanted a separate state for
Punjabi-speaking people
in the erstwhile East Punjab.
This movement started
in the 1950s resulted in the
formation of Punjabi-majority
Punjab state, the
Hindi-majority Haryana state
and the Union Territory of
Chandigarh
on 1 November 1966
Districts 22
Language Hindi
Known
as/For
– Milk Pail of India
– Kurukshetra
(war place cited
in Mahabharata)
is in the state of Haryana.
Physical
Characteristics
Haryana has four main
geographical features:
– The Yamuna-Ghaggar
plain forming the
largest part of the state
– The Shivalik Hills to
the northeast
– Semi-desert sandy plain
to the southwest
– The Aravali Range
in the south
Natural
Vegetation
Tropical thorn
Major
Rivers
Yamuna flowing from
Kalinda Parbat in
Uttarakhand to the Ganga
(Triveni Sangam – the
Ganga, Yamuna and the
invisible Saraswati river at
Allahabad)
Ghaggar-Hakra flowing
from Sivalik
Hills in Himachal Pradesh
to Ottu in Haryana
Major
Regional
Festivals
Baisakhi, Gangore,
Lohri, Gugga, Naumi
Major Art
Forms
Saang dance,
Khoria dance,
Dhamal dance,
Ghoomar dance,
Industry Handloom, Electrical
Appliances,
Automobiles, IT
Minerals Iron
Agriculture Sugar cane, oilseeds, rice,
groundnuts, maize, wheat
Geographical
Indications
Phulkari (Punjab,
Haryana & Rajasthan)
State Animal Blackbuck
State Bird Black francolin
State Flower Lotus
Important
Historical
Sites
Brahma Sarovar –
an ancient water
tank sacred to
Hinduism in
Thanesar
Jyotisar – a town in the
Kurukshetra
district where
Krishna delivered the
Bhagavad Gita to Arjuna.
Bhishma Kund – After
his fall Bhisma
requested the
assembled Kauravas and
Pandavas for water
to quench
his thirst. Kauravas
offered him cool water
which he denied to drink.
Arjuna soon
understood the
willingness of his great
grandfather.
He pierced the
ground by an arrow called
Parjanyastra. Bhisma
thus quenched his thirst
by the water
that gushed out in consequence.
The spot where
Arjuna’s arrow
struck into the ground
is called Bhisma Kunda.
Bird
Sanctuaries
Bhindawas WS,
Khaparwas WS
National
Parks
Kalesar NP,
Sultanpur NP
Wildlife
Sanctuaries
Abubshehar WS
Bhindawas WS
Bir Shikargarh WS
Chhilchila WS
Kalesar WS
Khaparwas WS
Morni Hills/
(Khol-Hi-Raitan) WS
Nahar WS