India and Pakistan Relations



India and Pakistan Relations – General Comparison


Country India Pakistan
Capital New Delhi Islamabad
Currency Indian Rupee Pakistani Rupee
Prime Minister Narendra Modi Shahid Khaqan Abbas
President Ram Nath Kovind Mamnoon Hussain
Official Languages Hindi, English Urdu, English

Physical Geographic Comparison of India & Pakistan

Country India Pakistan
Physical Boundaries
  • Pakistan to the west
  • China, Nepal and Bhutan to the north-east
  • Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east
  • Maritime borders with Thailand and Indonesia
  • In the south, the Palk Strait separate India from Sri Lanka
  • Iran to the west.
  • Afghanistan to the north and northwest.
  • China in the northeast, and India to the east and southeast.
  • The Arabian Sea to the south.


Area 32,87,263 sq. km 796,095 sq. km
Largest City Mumbai Karachi

India and Pakistan Culture Relations :-

  • Culturally, the two countries are very similar, especially Northern India and eastern Pakistan with regard to languages, cultures, cuisines, etc.
  • The founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak Dev was born in Nankana Sahib, Pakistan.
  • Many pilgrims from India visit the religious sites in Nankana Sahib, daily and pay their homage.

India and Pakistan Relations – Economic & Trade :-

  • Formal trade across direct routes between the two countries has been stopped. However, informal trade continues.
  • India and Pakistan are trade partners since 2006 when they signed the South Asian Free Trade Area (SAFTA) Agreement.
  • Textiles and clothing have the maximum percentage of share in the trade.

History of India and Pakistan Relations :-

    • India and Pakistan have had distrust and hostility developing, since the partition of 1947.
    • Added to that is the controversial Kashmir issue, over which three wars have been fought.


Important Facts about Pakistan :-

  • Both India and Pakistan are members of the Asian Development Bank as well as the United Nations.
  • Radcliffe line is the name of the border between India and Pakistan.
  • Benazir Bhutto, from Pakistan was the first female Prime Minister of any Muslim nation.
  • Gwadar port in Pakistan is the largest deep sea port in the world.
  • Malala Yousafzai (Peace—2014) and Abdus Salam (Physics—1979) are the two persons from Pakistan who have won the Nobel Prize.
  • The world’s highest ATM is at the Pakistan-China border, operated by National Bank of Pakistan.
  • Mohammad Ilyas from Pakistan holds the Guinness Book world record for becoming the youngest Civil Judge in the world.
  • The Changa Manga forest in Pakistan is the world’s largest man-made forest.
  • Tarbela Dam in Pakistan on the Indus river is the world’s largest earth filled dam.
  • Tharparkar Desert in Pakistan is the only fertile desert in the world located.
  • Masjid -e-Tooba also known as Gol Masjid is the largest Single Dome Mosque in the world and is located in Karachi, Pakistan.