India becomes the world’s 5th largest foreign exchange reserve country

  1. First case of Monkey Bee virus reported in China
  • Recently China in Monkey B virus ( Monkey B Virus is the first case of infection of humans) unfolded. Monkey B virus Makak monkeys found in Alfahrpiswayrs Anjhutik ( Alphaherpesvirus Enzootic ) that it is basically found these first identified 1932was done in Alphaherpesviruses are pathogenic or neuroinvasive viruses that infect the peripheral nervous system of humans and other vertebrates. The B virus is also commonly known as Herpes B, Herpesvirus Simiae, and Herpesvirus B. The B virus can survive on surfaces (especially moist surfaces) for hours. The virus is also transmitted to humans through bites, scratches or contact with infected monkeys’ saliva, feces and urine, and the mortality rate due to its infection is 70% to 80%.
  1. Rajasthan government approved the Chief Minister Kisan Mitra Energy Scheme
  • Recently the Rajasthangovernment has launched ‘ Chief Minister Kisan Mitra Energy Scheme’.’ The draft has been approved. Under this scheme, agricultural consumers using meters will be provided Rs 1,000 per month on electricity bills and a maximum of Rs 12,000 in a year by the state government. According to the official statement issued by the state government in this regard, the scheme will result in a financial burden of Rs 1,450 crore per annum on the state government. Under this arrangement, electricity bills will be issued by the electricity distribution companies on a bi-monthly basis. Central and state government employees and other income tax payers will not be eligible for the subsidy. Eligible consumers will have to link their Aadhaar number and bank account with the scheme, after which they will be able to get its benefits. The grant amount under the scheme will be provided only if, When all the dues will be paid by the consumers. The subsidy amount will be payable to the consumer on the upcoming electricity bill only after paying the outstanding amount. This scheme was announced by the Chief Minister of Rajasthan during the budget of the financial year 2021-22. Registration for this scheme can be done through online portal.
  1. Seema Nanda
  • United States Senate appoints Indian- American Seema Nanda as Labor Department solicitorAs in. Seema Nanda, former chief executive of the Democratic National Committee, also worked in the Labor Department during the Obama administration. Seema Nanda served as chief of staff, deputy chief of staff and deputy solicitor at the US Department of Labor in the Obama-Biden administration. Prior to this, he had worked in government departments for more than 15 years in various roles as Labor and Employment Advocate. Seema Nanda is currently a Fellow of Harvard Law School’s Labor and Worklife Program. She grew up in Connecticut (USA) and earned her bachelor’s degrees from Brown University and Boston College Law School. She is also a member of the Massachusetts Bar Association. Additionally she has been a part of the Board of Directors of several non-profit organizations. Significantly, in the current US administration, many Indian-American citizens were appointed to important positions,
  1. Trial of electric buses started in Uttar Pradesh
  • Taking a big step towards pollution free public transport system, Uttar Pradesh government has launched electric buses in the capital Lucknow .started testing. Very soon these buses will start running in 14 cities of the state. Four buses per day will run for about 180 kms during the trial. After the successful test, 700 buses will start running. These AC luxury buses have comfortable seats. These have a GPS tracking system and CCTV for security. These buses are fitted with panic buttons and automatic doors. The fare of these buses will be same as other buses. It can run up to 120 km in 45 minutes on a single charge. For charging these buses, 5 charging stations will be built in Lucknow. The state government is implementing this project to run electric buses in 14 cities in collaboration with the central government. Central government funding 600 buses will ply in Lucknow, Kanpur, Agra, Prayagraj, Varanasi, Ghaziabad, Meerut, Jhansi, Aligarh, Moradabad and Bareilly. Mathura, Vrindavan, The state government will give money to run buses in Gorakhpur and Shahjahanpur. The total budget of the scheme is around Rs 965 crore while the bus operator will be given a subsidy of Rs 45 lakh per bus.
  1. Prasar Bharati and IIT Kanpur to work together to set up Next Gen Broadcast Technology Center of Excellence
  • Prasar Bharati and IIT Kanpur will work together to establish a Center of Excellence in Broadcast Technology for a self-reliant India in the field of media and broadcasting . IIT. After the signing of a related agreement between Kanpur and Prasar Bharati, IIT. A Center of Excellence in Media and Broadcasting Technology will be set up in Kanpur . Following the cooperation agreement, three areas have been identified courtesy the Center of Excellence. These areas are – Direct to Mobile Broadcasting and Convergence with 5G Standard, Artificial Intelligence and Advanced Algorithms for Audio Visual Media. Prasar Bharati and IIT Kanpur will explore the possibility of developing mobile broadcasting capacity with the aim of linking the technologies with the global standards of 5G.
  1. IIT, Ropar develops first of its kind oxygen rationing device – AMLEX
  • Indian Institute of Technology Ropar has developed a device called AMLEX to increase the utilization capacity of medical oxygen cylinders three times . The first of its kind oxygen rationing device has been developed. This device supplies the required amount of oxygen to the patient during the journey. The Ministry of Education has said that this process will save oxygen and prevent wastage.
  1. India becomes the world’s 5th largest foreign exchange reserve country
  • On June 25, 2021, India became the fifth largest foreign exchange reserve country in the world with $608.99 billion . This has been mentioned by State Finance Minister Pankaj Choudhary in the 20th Lok Sabha. India’s balance of payments has become surplus in both capital and current accounts in the year 2020-21, which largely contributed to the gains in the country’s foreign exchange reserves. India’s current foreign exchange reserves are sufficient to provide a buffer against unexpected external shocks and to cover imports for more than 18 months. The Reserve Bank of India regularly takes various measures to diversify the country’s currency reserves by expanding operations in the foreign exchange swap and repo markets, exploring new markets or products and buying gold. All this is done adhering to the liquidity and security norms.
  1. India chairs BRICS Liaison Group on economic and trade issues
  • 12 July 14, 2021. Contact on economic and trade issues group ( Contact Group On Economic And Trade Issues – CGETI ) at BRICS meeting went held. During this three-day CGETI meeting, BRICS members deliberated on India’s proposals. These proposals were mainly to enhance and strengthen intra-BRICS trade. Proposals placed by India –
  • BRICS cooperation on the multilateral trading system.
  • A framework for ensuring consumer protection in e-commerce.
  • For SPS/TBT measures, non-tariff remedy resolution mechanism.
  • A BRICS Framework on Cooperation in Professional Services.
  1. Call to organize ‘Indian Labor Conference’ (ILC)
  • Recently ‘ Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh ‘ has written a letter to the Prime Minister calling for organizing ‘ Indian Labor Conference ‘ ( ILC ). The ‘Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh’ argues that since the Indian Parliament adopted Convention No. 144 of the International Labor OrganizationTherefore, it is the legal obligation of the Government of India to organize ‘Indian Labor Conference’ to strengthen this tripartite system. Organized on the lines of ‘International Labor Conference’, the ‘Indian Labor Conference’ also known as the ‘Labour Parliament’ of the country, is the apex level tripartite (Government, Employers and Workers) Consultative Committee in the Ministry of Labor and Employment. The International Labor Conference, also known as the International Labor Parliament, is organized annually by the ‘International Labor Organization’.
  1. Pedro Castillo will be the new President of Peru
  • Pedro Castillo ( Pedro Castillo ) to Peru ‘s new president had been declared as the right-wing rival Castillo election Calico Fujimori (Keliko Fujimori) alleged electoral fraud. The official count was released on Monday in which Castillo defeated Fujimori. Fujimori now faces corruption charges after his defeat.
  1. Maharashtra to issue certificates using blockchain technology
  • Maharashtra, the country’s first state which Blokchen ( Blockchain ) technique using educational documents will continue. Counterfeiting of documents is a serious concern in various educational and other institutions. Along with the verification of documents, several steps are being taken to avoid forgery. Maharashtra State Board of Skill Development has decided to issue blockchain-based certificates to the students.
  1. Indian Air Force’s Sarang Helicopters contingent is participating for the first time at the Max International Air Show in Russia
  • IAF ‘s fleet of Sarang helicopters , Federation of Max International Air Show is taking part for the first time. This air show, which runs from July 20 to 25, is being held at Zukovsky International Airport. This is the first time that Sarang helicopters are participating in an air show held in Russia. During the air show, the indigenously made Char Dhruv Advance Light Helicopter in the Sarang Helicopter Squad will show their feats.
  1. According to ICMR’s sero survey, Kovid antibodies were found in two-thirds of the country’s population.
  • The government has said that about 40 crore population of the country is still vulnerable to Kovid . Dr. Balram Bhargava, Director General, Indian Council of Medical Research informed that the fourth phase national sero-survey was conducted in 70 districts in June-July. The survey was conducted on more than 28 thousand people, besides more than seven thousand health workers. This sero-survey was somewhat different from the previous three-phase survey. Children between 6 and 17 years of age were included in the fourth phase of the survey . The survey found that more than 67 percent of the country’s population has antibodies.has been found. Antibodies have been found in more than 62 percent of those who were not vaccinated, more than 81 percent of those who received one dose of the vaccine and more than 89 percent of people who got both doses of the vaccine. Antibodies have been found in two-thirds of the general population. He said that more than half of the children between the age of 6 to 17 years have been found to have antibodies.
  1. The urban unemployment rate stood at 20.8% in the April-June quarter 2020
  • On July 19, 2021, Labor Minister Bhupendra Yadav has said that in the quarter of April-June 2020, the unemployment rate in urban India is 20.8%.rate observed. The lockdown was implemented during this period to prevent the spread of the first wave of Kovid-19. Urban unemployment in the country hit a high of 20.8% in the April-June 2020 quarter, especially since the country was under a two-month stringent lockdown. According to the quarterly bulletin of the Periodic Labor Force Survey, the quarterly unemployment rates for the quarters ending July-September 2019, October-December 2019, January-March 2020 and April-June 2020 are 8.3%, 7.8% respectively. , was 9.1% and 20.8%. He also mentioned that the full employment or unemployment status of the country can be assessed only from the survey data for the whole year covering both urban and rural areas. Annual Periodic Labor Force Surve data is available till the year 2018-19. According to that result, the unemployment rate in the country during 2017-18 and 2018-19 was 6.0% and 5.0% respectively. was 8%. He has also said that the government has taken several initiatives to promote jobs in India through the implementation of schemes like Atmanirbhar Bharat Rozgar Yojana.
  1. Health care system in India has huge inequalities: Oxfam report
  • Recent Oxfam report ‘ Inequality Report 2021: India’s Unequal Healthcare Story’ Issued. This report highlights how India’s focus on supporting private healthcare while spending less on public health systems has led to inequalities in access to healthcare. States that are attempting to bridge existing health disparities with higher health spending had fewer confirmed cases of COVID-19 than other states. The report states that states such as Telangana, Himachal Pradesh and Rajasthan, which have been bridging inequalities over the past few years, especially in health disparities between the general category and SC and ST populations, have been affected by the spread of COVID-19. Confirmed cases are few. On the other hand, in states like Assam, Bihar and Goa, where the GDP expenditure on health is high, There the recovery rate of Covid is high. The Oxfam report has marked the state of Kerala as a success story in tackling the COVID-19 pandemic. The urban population performed better than the rural population, as measured on various health indicators. Medical expenditure per hospitalization has tripled between 2004 and 2017, making it very difficult for poor and rural households. Urban households depended on their savings while rural households depended mostly on credit. Less than one third of the households in the country are covered by the government’s insurance scheme. The out-of-pocket health expenditure of 64.2 in India is higher than the world average which is 18. is 2%. The exorbitant health care costs have forced many into debt and their wealth. Literacy rates among different social categories also affect their access to health care. Although child immunization has improved, the vaccination rate for girls remains lower than that of boys. Children living in urban areas have better access to vaccination than those in rural areas. There is also disparity in child immunization among income groups in the country.
  1. ADB cuts India’s economic growth forecast to 10%
  • ADB ( Asian Development Bank ) on India for the financial year economic growth forecast of minus 10% to 11% is made. This downgrade has been done keeping in mind the adverse impact of the second wave of the coronavirus pandemic. In the last quarter of the financial year ended March 2021, India’s GDP growth had hit 6%. The second wave of the pandemic prompted many state governments to implement strict containment measures, hence the growth forecast for FY 2021-2 has been slashed to 10% from 11% estimated earlier. The estimate has been raised from 7% to 5% for the fiscal year 2022-23 as by that time most of the population will be vaccinated and economic activities will return to normal.
  1. Government announces launch of National Logistics Excellence Awards
  • Logistics area to focus on, the Government of India National Logistics Excellence Awards ( National Logistics Excellence Awards announced the launch of a new category of awards called This newly launched award will provide due recognition to various firms involved in the logistics supply chain in the country. These awards are divided into two categories. The first category includes service providers and logistics infrastructure and the second category will be awarded to various user industries. The launch of the National Logistics Excellence Awards will highlight best practices that include process standardization, consolidation, digital transformation, technology up-gradation and sustainable practices in the logistics sector. Through these awards, the government aims to focus on those logistics service providers who have adopted digitization and technology, operational excellence, followed sustainable practices and improved customer service, among many other achievements.
  1. Oil Ministry allows new companies to sell automobile fuel in India
  • India’s Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas has approved seven companies for the sale of auto fuels in the country.has been approved. These new approvals come under the easier guidelines for the Authority for Marketing of Transport Fuels which were revised in the year 2019. Reliance Industries (RIL) has been approved under these criteria. RBML Solutions India has also been approved. Chennai-based IMC, which specializes in oil terminals, has also got approval to sell auto fuels. The Assam Gas Company, a Government of Assam undertaking, has also received approval from the Ministry for retailing the fuel. Onsite Energy which was formed in the year 2020 has also got the right to sell automobile fuel. Under the new rules, Manas Agro Industries and Infrastructure and M.K. Agrotech has also got fuel retailing authorisation.
  1. ‘2020 India Lightning Report’ released
  • There was an increase of 22.6% in lightning strikes in India last year as compared to 2019 . This has been disclosed in Earth Networks ‘ 2020 India Lightning Report . Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal and Karnataka saw the highest number of lightning events. Company’s Total Lightning NetworkOver 39.5 million pulses were detected in India by the U.S. last year. Of these, 12,022,402 were dangerous cloud-to-ground strikes. In India, 7,447 hazardous thunderstorm alerts were issued and most of them were in the state of Tamil Nadu. In the year 2020, India witnessed the highest concentration of lightning in the months of May, June and September due to the monsoon season. According to this report, the dangers of lightning and severe weather are a major threat to the population of India. Due to the country’s proximity to the equator and the Indian Ocean, India experiences extreme amounts of moisture and heat which contribute to sudden and severe thunderstorms across the South Asian region. A study conducted by the National Crime Records Bureau states that 2,360 people die every year due to lightning in India since 2001.
  1. Tripura to promote commercial cultivation of ‘agar’
  • Tripura government has ‘ that ‘ trees ( Agar Trees aims to achieve) has launched an initiative to promote commercial farming and a turnover of Rs 2,000 crore in the next three years. Tripura government plans to export 1,500 kg of agar oil and 75,000 kg of agar chips in the year 2021-22. Chief Biplb Kumar Deb ( Biplab Kumar Deb ) Prime Minister Narendra Modiand apprised them of the potential of agar trees. Tripura government has launched a draft named Tripura Agar Wood Policy 2021 and aims to double the tree plantation by the year 2025. At present, there are more than 50 lakh ‘agar’ trees in the state. Tripura Chief Minister has also requested PM Modi to fix quota on agarwood export and its products.
  1. FSSAI proposes conditional licensing for proprietary food items
  • Food Safety and Standards Authority ( FSSAI ) by owned food products ( Proprietary Foods a) conditional licensingframework has been proposed. Products for which no identification standards have been prescribed under any existing regulations, but are generally manufactured using permitted ingredients and additives, are called proprietary food products. is called. The FSSAI said there have been instances where food manufacturers apply for licenses for proprietary food products that resemble those products for which there are prescribed standards. FSSAI’s concept of conditional licensing will check market entry of such products where minor changes are made in the composition of the product to avoid compliance with standardized food products.
  1. 32 lakh manifestos filed under Vivad se Vishwas scheme
  • July 19, 2021 it was reported that “Parliament faith dispute ” plan under Rs 99,765 crore, the filing over a million manifestos of 1.32 have been. The declarations received under the ‘Vivad Se Vishwas’ scheme cover about 73% of the total pending direct tax disputes in the country. As on the date of eligibility, the total number of pending tax disputes stood at 5,10,491. March 31, 2021 was the last date for declaration under this scheme. Under the Vivad Se Vishwas scheme, the government has amicably resolved a large number of direct tax disputes with the taxpayers. Taxpayers also have the option to pay by October 31, but they will be charged additional interest.
  1. Viswanathan Anand won the Sparkson Trophy
  • Dortmund ( Dortmund ) to Viswanathan Anand ( Viswanathan Anand ) Vladimir Kramnik (Vladimir Kramnik) beat Sparksn Trophy ( Sparkassen Trophy ) won. Anand needed only a draw in the final game of the no-casting chess event, and he achieved it in 40 moves.
  1. International Chess Day: 20 July
  • July 20 every year since 1966, the International Chess Day ( International Chess Day is celebrated), promotes the ancient and the fairness between nations to celebrate one of the most popular games, equality, mutual respect and understanding history. The International Chess Federation (FIDE) was established on this day in 1924. The idea of ​​celebrating this day as International Chess Day was proposed by UNESCO (UNESCO). The day is celebrated in 178 countries, and in 2019 a resolution officially recognizing it was signed by the United Nations.
  1. Moon landing day
  • July 20 is celebrated as Moon Landing Day ( Science Exploration Day ). On July 20, 1969, man stepped on the moon for the first time . Commanders Neil Armstrong , Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins went to the Moon from Apollo 11 . On July 20, 52 years ago, Aldrin and Armstrong stepped on the surface of the Moon. Both of them had spent more than 12 hours on the surface of the Moon. In 1971, the then US President Richard Nixon declared the day to be National Moon Day every year in honor of the anniversary of man’s first step on the Moon.