Indian Railways launches Oxygen Express


1. World Press Freedom Index, 2021

Non-profit organization Reporters Without Borders recently in World Press Freedom Index 2021 was published (World Press Freedom Index, 2021) . It has ranked 180 countries. India is ranked 142 in this index . India was also at the same place in 2020. Norway topped this index, followed by Finland and Denmark. Norway also topped the index in 2020. Eritrea ranked last in the index. China ranked 177th out of 180 countries. North Korea was ranked 179th and Turkmenistan 178th. India was ranked 133 in 2016 and has been slipping ever since. In the Indian neighborhood, Sri Lanka is ranked 127th, Nepal 106th, Myanmar 140th, Bangladesh 152nd and Pakistan 145th.

  1. Mr. Piyush Goyal Launches Startup India Seed Fund Scheme

Startup India Seed Fund Scheme (SISFS) was launched by Shri Piyush Goyal , Minister of Railways, Commerce and Industry and Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution . The fund aims to provide financial support to the certification of startups concept, prototype development, product trials, market penetration and commercialization. The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi , announced this planIn a grand address of ‘Start: Startup India International Summit’ organized on 16 January 2021 to mark the commemoration of the completion of 5 years of the Startup India initiative. An amount of 945 crores will be divided over the next 4 years to provide seed funding to eligible startups through eligible incubators all over India. The plan is expected to support an estimated 3,600 startups through 300 incubators.

  1. Henley Passport Index 2021 released

Between the growing cases of COVID-19 and the ban on foreign travel, when many countries are banning individuals from the countries most affected, the Henley Passport Index on 17 April released its list of the most powerful passports. . India ranks 84th on the list , as Indian citizens can travel visa-free or visa-on-arrival at more than 58 places. Japan, Singapore and Germany, South Korea are in the top 3 respectively. Henley issues the Passport Index list, which measures the world’s most travel-friendly passport. The index ranks those countries based on how strong their passport is.

  1. Miguel Diaz Canel will be the new President of Cuba

Miguel Diaz Canal , Raul Castro replaced by the new president of Cuba will. He will become the first secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba, the most powerful position in the country. Mr. Miguel Diaz Cannel would be the first person to become President of Cuba, after the 1959 revolution, without the nickname Castro. Diaz Cannel, Fidel Castro and Raul Castro have been loyal to and supportive of their economic model.

  1. One in two Indian adults experienced cyber crime in last 12 months: report

NortonLifeLock recently released a report titled ” 2021 Norton cyber – Safety Insights Report “. 59% of Indians , ie one of the two adults in the country, reported cyber crime in the last 12 monthsAccording to this report, 7 out of 10 Indian adults believe that the remote work environment created by COVID-19 has made the way easier for hackers and cyber criminals. About 52% of adults do not know how to protect themselves from cybercrime. 27 million Indian adults have experienced identity theft. 90% of consumers using online transactions take proactive steps to protect their data. 42% believe it is impossible to protect their privacy. 66% believe they are more vulnerable to cybercrimes due to COVID-19. 52% of cybercrimes victims seek their help Turned to friends and 47% contacted the company to resolve the issues. Out of the total cyber crimes occurring in India,14% of crimes occurred in 2020. Over 220 million adults have suffered identity theft in 2020-21.

  1. Israel presents national plan to reduce 80% of greenhouse gas emissions by 2050

Israel ‘s Ministry of Energy recently reduced 80% of greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 compared to 2015Announced a national plan to bring. The plan aims to close all coal-based power plants by 2025. It aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the power sector by 75% to 85% by 2050. It will increase the production of renewable energy in the country. Will be implemented through development of innovative technologies, use of electric vehicles, change in energy use in homes and improvement in power grid. The plan aims to make 25% of buses and vehicles in the country zero emissions by 2030 as compared to current levels. Also, it will work to reduce 10% of heavy trucks, especially those trucks weighing up to 5 tonnes. It will direct households and businesses to adopt public transport hubs. Downtown areas of the city will be closed to cars. Only those vehicles that do not cause pollution,

  1. Indigenously built INAS 323 inducted into Goa as the first unit of ALH Mk III

Indian Navy Air Squadron (INAS) 323 , the first unit of the indigenously built ALH Mk III helicopter , was commissioned on 19 April 21 at INS Hansa Goa, Hon’ble Minister of State for Defense, Shri Shripad Naik and Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Vice Admiral R , Western Naval Command Commissioned in the Indian Navy in the presence of Hari Kumar . This squadron Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)The ALH Mk III will operate three state-of-the-art multirole helicopters with a power engine built by. The MK III version of the ALH has an all-glass cockpit and will be used for search and rescue, special operations and coastal surveillance. The procurement of 16 aircraft is underway and is being handed over to the Indian Navy in a phased manner. INAS 323 is commanded by Commander Samik Nandi, an accomplished and experienced ALH pilot with extensive operational experience.

  1. Land War Studies Center (CLAWS) launches PhD program for Army officers

The Center for Land War Studies (CLAWS) , an autonomous think tank under the patronage of the Indian Army , has organized the Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE) , MangaloreHas established a joint initiative to conduct PhD programs for Army officers. Manipal Academy of Higher Education was earlier known as Manipal University. The CLAWS has taken this initiative to further promote occupational military education (PME) of officers. It will benefit the country with military leaders with deep knowledge in the relevant fields. Under this initiative CLAWS has been recognized as a sub-center of MAHE, whereby five of the CLAWS faculties will serve as co-supervisors. In addition CLAWS will initiate the selection process as per the guidelines of UGC and MAHE and conduct mandatory research methodology classes.

  1. India and Germany signed an agreement on ‘cities facing the problem of plastic waste entering the marine environment’

On behalf of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) , Government of India and the German Federal Ministry of Environment , Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, Doysche Schleschaft für Internationale Jussammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH India, in a virtual ceremony today in New Delhi about technical collaboration The agreement was signed, titled ‘ Plastic with which cities are fighting is entering the marine environment ‘. The project envisaged ‘ Prevention of marine waste between the Republic of India and Germany’In 2019, under the framework of the Joint Declaration for the purpose of cooperation in the field of ‘. With a view to increase plastic curbing system in the marine environment, the project has been operational at the national level (MoHUAP), select states (Uttar Pradesh, Kerala and Andaman and Nicobar Islands) and cities of Kanpur, Kochi and Port Blair for a period of three and a half years. Will be done.

  1. Water Life Mission: By 2022, Punjab will become a state with ‘Har Ghar Jal’

Punjab presented its ‘Jal Jeevan Mission’ annual action plan through video conferencing. While presenting the action plan, Punjab reiterated the state’s commitment to achieve the target of ‘Har Ghar Jal’ by 2022 as per the plan. There are 34.73 lakh rural households in Punjab, out of which 25.88 lakhs (74.5 percent) have water supply through tap connections. In 2021-22, the state plans to provide tap connections to every rural household by providing 8.87 lakh tap connections. There are 1,634 settlements in Punjab where the water is polluted with arsenic, fluoride and other types of pollutants. Of these, the state government has started work in 558 habitations, the state government will provide potable water as a short-term measure in all remaining water quality affected habitations.

  1. LIC partners with Paytm to handle digital payments

The state-run Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) has appointed domestic payment company Paytm (Paytm) to facilitate its digital payments . After previously having a tie-up with another payment gateway, the country’s largest life insurer has signed a new deal as most of its payments have gone into digital mode. The new agreement requires an easier payment process, a wider range of payment options, and more players (purses, banks, etc.) in payment channels. LIC has seen fluctuations in e-payment after COVID-19 epidemic. The PSU insurer collects a premium of Rs 60,000 crore through digital mode, excluding payments made through banks.

  1. Indian Railways launches Oxygen Express

The Railway Ministry recently announced that a green corridor will be built to ensure faster movement of Oxygen Express trains . These Oxygen Express trains will be operated to help the country in dealing with the issue of lack of oxygen. Indian Railways will transfer empty tankers from Boisar and Kalamboli railway stations. They are located near Mumbai. These tankers will be sent to Jamshedpur, Vizag, Bokaro and Rourkela to load medical oxygen. Due to the COVID-19 double mutant variant, the number of COVID-19 infections in the country is increasing. With this, India became the second highest COVID-19 infected country in the world after America. And this has led to an increase in oxygen demand.

  1. New children’s book ‘The Christmas Pig’: J.K. K. Rolling will be released in October

This autumn JK Rowling ‘s (JK Rowling) is going to get a new book, in which festival-related story of children with all new characters. The story is about a boy named Jack and his toy der Pig, who goes missing on Christmas Eve. The book is scheduled to be released worldwide on October 12. ” The Christmas Pig ” is Rowling’s first children’s novel since Harry Potter.

  1. France approves bill making “Ecocide” a crime

The French National Assembly recently approved a bill making ” Ecocide ” a crime. Under this law, ten years in prison and 5 million euros for criminals(Ie US $ 5.4 million) has a penalty provision. This law will mainly punish those who endanger the environment or commit pollution related offenses. Such individuals will face three years in prison and a fine of 3,00,000 euros. In April 2015, French President Emmanuel Macron announced the creation of the Citizens Convention for Climate. The purpose of this conference was to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40% compared to 1990 levels. The convention proposed the idea of ​​making Ecocide a crime. In addition to enacting a law against Ecocide, around 149 resolutions were made at this conference. The convention was launched as a result of Gillet Jaunes Crisis. It is also known as the Yellow Waste Movement.

  1. Fire is spreading rapidly in Table Mountain National Park

Table Mountain National Park in South Africa in Cape Town is located. Recently, the park caught fire and is spreading rapidly. More than 200 fire brigades have been deployed in the area to extinguish the fire. The two most important sites in this national park are the Table Mountains and the Cape of Good Hope. Cape Agulhas is the southern tip of Africa.

  1. Indian jumping aunt can reduce her brain by about 20 percent

Recently, scientists have found that the ‘ Indian jumping aunt ‘ can reduce its brain by about 20 percent to prepare its body for reproduction , and can increase its brain size within weeks after reproduction. . Some other insects, including bees, only have the ability to increase their brain size, but the ‘Indian Jumping Ant’ is the first insect that has the ability to increase and decrease its brain size. The ‘Indian Jumping Ant’ (scientific name: Harpegnathos Saltator) found in the plains of India is a large-eyed ant with an amazing ability to jump / jump up to four inches, plus twice its size. Size organisms also have the ability to hunt.

  1. Disc-footed Bat spotted nearby in Meghalaya

Recently remaining first bamboo trees of India and sticky disc (bats interior part of the claw) Meghalaya ‘s Nongkillem Wildlife Sanctuary was seen near (Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary). Bat Udiskopas Dentikuls (Eudiscopus denticulus) species, which disk-footed bat (Disk-Footed Bat) is also called thumb and seem very distinctive in appearance with padding major disk such as bright orange (Pad) it on bamboo This species is found in the interior of the trunk of South China, Vietnam, Thailand, Thailand and some areas of Myanmar. It is about 1,000 km from its nearest habitat Myanmar. Lailad area near Nongkhillem Wildlife Sanctuary in Meghalaya has been seen in the west.

  1. The total number of tyrannosaurus rex was more than 2.5 billion: study

University of California , according to a new study in the earth to total 2.5 billion over Tyrannosaurus rex lived. The number of dinosaurs was calculated based on body size and sexual maturity. These dinosaurs date back more than 1,27,000 generations. However, their population density was low. There were probably two dinosaurs in an area as large as a city. The study helped scientists determine the rate of preservation of Tyrannosaurus rex fossils. So far 100 fossils of T. rex have been found on Earth.

  1. Vaccination of all people above 18 years will be started from May 1

May 1, 2021 from Kovid -19 vaccination for all people over 18 years of age will begin. Currently, people above the age of 45 are currently being vaccinated. The vaccination campaign will run free in all 10,000 government hospitals. But the beneficiary will have to pay to get their vaccination done at 20,000 private immunization centers. The vaccine fee has not yet been decided by the Ministry of Health. The first phase of the Kovid-19 vaccination campaign was started on January 16, 2021. The campaign was launched at 3006 vaccination centers across the country. In the first phase only vaccination of health workers and frontline workers was introduced.

  1. Only 3% have no human intervention on land yet: study

Researchers at Cambridge ‘s premier biodiversity field secretariat have detected the amount of ” intact natural habitat ” on Earth . An intact habitat is an area where there is no sign of human activity. However, this study “ Intact HabitatAn additional factor is included to define, which is the 500 lives of plant and animal life in these areas. It is widely accepted that intact habitats are constantly being destroyed. However, this study has found that species in intact habitats have ended up due to invasive species or diseases. This implies that intact habitats are facing threats even without human activities. Functionally intact areas are Northern Canada, Boreal, Congo Basin Amazon, Sahara Desert, Tundra Biome, Eastern Siberia. It was previously claimed that 40% of the Earth is free from human activities. However, this study says that this area is only 3%.

  1. RBI constitutes committee for practical review of ARCs

Reserve Bank of India (RBI) had ecosystem of the financial sector in Asset Reconstruction Companies (ARCs) has formed a six-member panel for a comprehensive review of the functioning. The panel will be chaired by Sudarshan Sen , former Executive Director of the Reserve Bank of India .

  1. Memorandum of Understanding between India and Bangladesh to establish cooperation mechanism in the area under trade reform measures

The Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Directorate General of Trade Remedies, India and Bangladesh Trade Charge Commission, People’s Republic of Bangladesh in Dhaka on 27 March 2021 to develop a mechanism of cooperation in the field of trade remedial measures. MoU) has been approved with prior effect. The primary objective of this MoU is to encourage cooperation between the two countries in trade remedies, to involve extensive activities related to the exchange of information, in bilateral trade between India and Bangladesh, in the field of anti-dumping, countwelling and security measures. Capacity building activities are to be carried out in accordance with the various provisions of the World Trade Organization.

  1. Cabinet approves MoU between The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand

The Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi , The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) and Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand (CA ANZ)A new Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) has been approved. MRS intends to develop relationships of mutual benefit in the interest of members, students and their organizations and is expected to provide ICAI members an opportunity to expand their professional range and foster working relationships between the two accounting institutions. The two accounting institutions will have the opportunity to play a leadership role in meeting new challenges facing the profession in a global environment. The linkage between the two institutions has resulted in greater employment opportunities for Indian Chartered Accountants and has also brought many back to India.

  1. Cabinet approves Phase 2A and Phase 2B of Bangalore Metro Rail Project

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has a total of 58.19 km long Phase 2A (Central Silk Board Junction to KR Puram) and Phase 2B (KR Puram Airport via Hebbal Junction) of Bangalore Metro Rail Project . Up to) approved. The total total cost of the project is Rs 14,788.101 crore . The implementation of the project will provide the much needed additional public transport infrastructure to Bangalore.

  1. Cabinet approves MoU between CCI and Brazil’s CADE

The Cabinet approved the Memorandum of Understanding between the Competition Commission of India – CCI and the Administrative Council of Economic Defense of Brazil – CADE . Section 18 of the Competition Act 2002 allows the Competition Commission of India to enter into an agreement with a competition agency of another country to fulfill its functions and obligations. The Competition Commission of India has so far entered into a Memorandum of Understanding with the US Federal Trade Commission and the Department of Justice. In addition, the Commission has also entered into Memoranda of Understanding with the Competition and Monopoly Monitoring Institutions of the European Union, Russia, Australia, Canada and the BRICS countries.

26. Government of Jharkhand announced to organize Health Safety Week between 22 to 29 April with an aim to stop the outbreak of Kovid-19 in the state.

The Jharkhand government has announced to organize Health Safety Week between 22 to 29 April with an aim to curb the outbreak of Kovid-19 in the state . People have been told not to leave the house unnecessarily. During this period, necessary and medical services will be restored. Whereas in addition to the central and state government offices, the identified private sector offices will remain open.

  1. On April 20, UN Chinese Language Day is celebrated globally

The UN Chinese Language Day is celebrated globally on 20 April every year . The day has been chosen to pay tribute to Cangjie, a mythological figure who is believed to have invented Chinese characters about 5,000 years ago. The first Chinese Language Day was celebrated on November 12 in 2010, but from 2011 onwards, the date began to be observed on April 20. The day promotes multilingualism and cultural diversity, as well as the equal use of its six official working languages ​​throughout the organization.

  1. Former Union Minister Bachhi Singh Rawat passed away

Senior BJP leader and former Union Minister Bachhi Singh Rawat has passed away. He was a four-time MP from Almora-Pithoragarh constituency in Uttarakhand. He served as Union Minister of State for Science and Technology in the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government.

  1. National Award winning filmmaker Sumitra Bhave passed away

Renowned Marathi filmmaker Sumitra Bhave has passed away. Sumitra Bhave was popular as a duo with filmmaker Sunil Sukhtankar in Marathi cinema and Marathi theater. She was known for her out-of-the-box content as well as her ways of handling social issues in her films. The pairing of Sumitra and Sunil together directed many popular films such as Dogi, Dahavi Faa, Vastupurusha, Devarai, Baadhar, Ek Kap Chya, Samhita, Astu, Kasava. He has won the National Film Awards for Best Non-Feature Film on Family Welfare, Best Educational / Motivational / Instructional Film, Best Film on Other Social Issues, Best Feature Film.

  1. Renowned Kannada writer Ganjam Venkatasubbiah dies

The famous Kannada writer Ganjam Venkatasubbiah ( Ganjam Venkatasubbiah ) has passed away. He was also a grammatical, editor, lexicographer and literary critic. He was 107. He was commonly referred to as a wandering encyclopedia in his literary circles due to Kannada language and culture. Professor G. Venkatasubbaiya had compiled 12 dictionaries and written about 60 books. He received the Padma Shri in 2017 for his proficiency in Kannada literature, poetry, essays and translations. Apart from this, he also received the Kannada Sahitya Akademi Award and the Pampa Award among others.