ISRO inaugurates ‘Human Spaceflight Expo’ at Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium

0
38

1.Burhanpur of Madhya Pradesh became the first every household water district in the country

Burhanpur in Madhya Pradesh has become the first Har Ghar Jal district in the country. In all 254 villages of Burhanpur, people are getting clean drinking water from taps. Jal Jeevan Mission in August 15, 2019 At the time of its inception, only 36.5 percent of the households in the district had access to tap water. In spite of various hurdles and challenges including the COVID pandemic, water from tap has been made available to all 1,01,905 households in the district in just 34 months with the consistent efforts of Panchayat representatives, Jal Samiti and district officials. Launched in 2019, the mission envisages supplying 55 liters of water per person per day to each rural household by 2024 through ‘Functional Household Tap Connections’ (FHTC). This mission comes under the ‘Ministry of Jal Shakti’ and ensures the functionality of existing water supply systems and water connections; Along with monitoring and testing water quality, it also promotes sustainable agriculture. The combined use of this protected water; Enhancement of drinking water source, drinking water supply system, gray water treatment and also ensures its reuse.

2.Hati community of Himachal will get tribal status

Recently, the central government is considering giving tribal status to Hatti community of Tan-Giri area of ​​Sirmaur district of Himachal Pradesh . The Hatti is a close-knit community, which is established in small markets called ‘ Haats ‘ in towns.The name derives from the tradition of selling domestic vegetables, crops, meat and wool etc. in the U.S.. Men in the Hatti community usually wear a distinctive white cap during ceremonies. This community is divided from Sirmaur by two rivers named Giri and Tons. Tons divide it from the Jaunsar Bawar region of Uttarakhand until the separation of the Jaunsar Bawar region in the year 1815. The Trans-Giri region of Uttarakhand and the Hatti residing in Jaunsar Bawar were once part of the royal princely state of Sirmaur. Trans-Giri and Jaunsar Bawar share similar traditions and inter-caste marriages are common. There is a rigid caste system among the Hatti communities – Bhat and Khash are upper castes, while Badhoi are lower castes. Interracial marriages are no longer traditionally strict. The Hatti community is governed by a traditional council called ‘Khumbali’, Which looks after community affairs like the Khap Panchayat of Haryana. Despite the establishment of Panchayati Raj system, Khumbli’s power has not faced any challenge. He has a good presence in about nine assembly seats in Sirmaur and Shimla regions. According to the 2011 Census of India, the total tribal population of Himachal Pradesh is 3,92,126, which is 5.7% of the total population of the state. They have been demanding Scheduled Tribe status since 1967, when tribal status was given to people living in Jaunsar Bawar in Uttarakhand, which borders Sirmaur district.

3.Russia and Ukraine signed an agreement to export thousands of tons of grain stranded at the Black Sea port

Ukraine and Russia have signed an agreement with the help of the United Nations to export thousands of tonnes of grain stranded at the Black Sea port . This agreement will help in tackling the global food crisis . UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has played a key role in the agreement reached in Istanbul after months of tense talks. Representatives of Ukraine were also present on the occasion. Mr Guterres said this would open the way for a substantial amount of grain exports from Ukraine to countries facing global economic and food crises.

4.Rajarshi Gupta appointed as Managing Director of ONGC Videsh Limited

Rajarshi Gupta has taken over as the new Managing Director of ONGC Videsh Limited (OVL) , the foreign investment arm of state- owned ONGC . He has over 33 years of vast experience in supervisory, managerial and strategic planning capabilities in domestic and international operations of ONGC and ONGC Videsh. Rajarshi Gupta replaces Alok Gupta whose term ended last month.

5.ADB lowers India’s growth forecast for 2022-23 to 7.2 percent

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has lowered India’s growth forecast for the current financial year (2022-23) to 7.2 per cent . Earlier it was estimated to be 7.5 per cent. Meanwhile, the Manila-based Multilateral Development Bank has revised its FY24 growth forecast to 7.8 per cent from 8 per cent estimated earlier. However, it raised the inflation forecast for India for FY2023 to 6.7% from 5.8% earlier.

6.Asian Development Bank cuts economic growth forecast for China from 5 percent to 4 percent

The Asian Development Bank has reduced the economic growth forecast for China from five percent to four percent in the year 2022 .have make. This has been done amid concerns arising out of stringent anti-Covid measures and strict lockdown. These measures further aggravated the crisis in the housing sector which was already reeling under debt and mortgage crisis. The Bank, in its review of the Asian region scenario, said that an anti-Covid strategy was adopted and a lockdown had to be imposed when the epidemic re-spread in early 2022. Amid the economic slowdown in China and the ongoing war in Ukraine, the Asian Development Bank has cut its economic growth forecast for Asia as a whole to 4.6 percent. The Asian Development Bank has lowered the economic forecast for the developing countries of Asia for the year 2023 from 5.3 percent to 5.02 percent and raised the inflation forecast from 3.1% to 3.5%. Senior officials of China also say that in the year 2022, the growth rate of 5.5% of GDP is expected.

7.World Health Organization declares monkeypox infection a global health emergency

The World Health Organization has declared monkeypox infection a global health emergency . The decision was taken at the second meeting of the organization’s emergency committee on monkeypox. World Health Organization Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said that more than 16 thousand people in 75 countries have been infected with monkeypox. So far five people have died due to this. There are only two other health emergencies in the world at the moment – the first coronavirus pandemic and the ongoing efforts to eradicate polio.

8.Reserve Bank of India imposed restrictions on withdrawal of funds from four co-operative banks

The Reserve Bank of India has banned withdrawal of funds from these banks in view of the poor financial condition of four co-operative banks . These include Saibaba Janata Sahakari Bank in Maharashtra , The Suri Friends Union Co-operative Bank Ltd in Suri , West Bengal , United India Co-operative Bank Ltd in Bijnor in Uttar Pradesh and National Urban Co-operative Bank Ltd in Bahraich .Are included. Depositors will be able to withdraw only twenty thousand rupees from Saibaba Janata Sahakari Bank, fifty thousand rupees from Suri Friends Union Co-operative Bank and ten thousand rupees from National Urban Co-operative Bank. The Reserve Bank of India has imposed several restrictions on Bijnor-based United India Co-operative Bank Ltd., including restrictions on withdrawal of customers’ funds. These directions of the Reserve Bank will remain in force for six months. The Reserve Bank has clarified that the instructions should not be construed as cancellation of banking licence. Banks will continue to do banking business with restrictions till their financial position improves. The Reserve Bank of India may consider changes in the guidelines keeping in view the position of these banks.

9.Government amends Indian Flag Code to allow tricolor hoisting day and night

By amending the Flag Code of India , the government has allowed hoisting of the tricolor day and night in the open and on individual houses or buildings.has given. Earlier the flag was only allowed to be flown in the open from sunrise to sunset. Now any Indian citizen, private or educational institution can hoist the tricolor on all days and occasions in accordance with the pride and honor of the national flag. This decision has been taken just before the 75th anniversary of independence. The last amendment to the Flag Code of India was done on December 30, 2021, allowing the use of flags made of polyester or stitched in addition to hand-woven, hand-stitched and machine-made flags of cotton, wool, silk and khadi. Went. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has called upon people to hoist the tricolor at their homes from August 13 to 15. Shri Modi said that as the nation is celebrating the Amrit Mahotsav of Independence this year, our association with the national flag will deepen with the Har Ghar Tricolor campaign.

10.Justice N.V. Ramanna inaugurated the Sub-Divisional Court in Untari, Jharkhand through virtual medium.

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Justice N.V. Ramanna inaugurated the sub- divisional courts at Chandil in Seraikela-Kharsawan district and Untari town of Garhwa district in Jharkhand through virtual medium. Shri Ramanna delivered the lecture at a function organized at the Judicial Academy, Ranchi. B. Sinha also delivered the Memorial Lecture. It was jointly organized by Jharkhand State Legal Services Authority, Jharkhand Judicial Academy and National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi. Chandil located in Seraikela-Kharsawan district got a sub-divisional court after 18 years of becoming a sub-division.

11.Maritime Partnership Exercise between Indian Navy and Japan Maritime Self Defense Force in Andaman Sea

A Maritime Partnership Exercise (MPX) was conducted on 23 July 2022 in the Andaman Sea between the Japan Maritime Self Defense Force and the Indian Navy . An offshore patrol vessel INS Sukanya and Murasam class destroyer JS Samdar undertook seamanship activities, aircraft operations and tactical maneuvers as part of the operational exercise. Both the countries are conducting regular exercises in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) to strengthen the maritime grouping. The exercise aims to improve interactivity and streamlining and communication processes. The exercise is part of the ongoing efforts between the two navies to ensure safe international shipping and trade in the Indian Ocean region.

12.CAQM starts implementation of action plan to make National Capital Region green in view of progress of monsoon

In continuation of its continuous efforts to reduce air pollution in the National Capital Region (NCR) through increased green cover and large scale plantation , the Air Quality Management Commission (CAQM) in the National Capital Region and adjoining areas , Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan and NCT DelhiK has been reviewing the progress of plantation in NCR districts. Based on the revised target of 3,34,56,541 plantation, NCR districts of Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and NCT of Delhi have achieved more than 54 per cent of this target by planting 01,81,90,447 saplings till July 20. Under the plan for the year 2022-23, the right has been given to increase the target of plantation. Keeping this in mind, last year Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and GNCTD had fixed the plantation target for the year 2022-23.

13.ISRO inaugurates ‘Human Spaceflight Expo’ at Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium

Indian Space Research Organisation, ISRO Chairman S Somanath along with other senior scientists at the Human Space Flight Expo in Bengaluru to commemorate the Amrit Mahotsav of Azadiinaugurated. ISRO is soon launching its first unmanned mission Gaganyaan and the exhibition showcased the Crew Module, GSLV Mark III Manned-Rated Launch Vehicle and Crew Escape System. The expo, which will be open to the public from Friday to Sunday, is being organized in association with the planetarium and the Bangalore Association for Science Education (BASE). The expo includes a number of exhibitions including scaled models of various Indian satellites and launch vehicles as well as scaled models of the proposed India space station. The expo also includes an interactive model of Gaganyaan, the first Indian crewed spacecraft, to be launched soon. As part of the programme, two unmanned missions are envisaged this year and one manned mission by next year. The three-day exhibition at the Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium will also see talks and film shows by ISRO scientists.

14.Sheikh Mohammed Sabah Al Salem appointed as new Prime Minister of Kuwait

The Emir of Kuwait , Sheikh Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah , issued a decree appointing Sheikh Mohammed Sabah Al Salem as the new prime minister. The appointment of the new prime minister comes three months after former prime minister Sheikh Sabah al-Khalid Hamad al-Sabah submitted his resignation, the fourth in the past two and a half years.

15.RBI’s steps helped banks recover Rs 8.6 lakh crore bad loans: Govt

The government said concrete steps taken by it and the Reserve Bank of India have helped banks recover Rs 8.6 lakh crore bad loans in the last eight financial years . This information was given by the Minister of State for Finance Bhagwat Karad in a written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha. He said having non-performing assets (NPAs) is normal, though undesirable. He says that there are many factors including the current microeconomic situation, global business environment, delay in acceptance of stressed assets, which lead to NPAs. steps have been taken and it also issues guidelines regularly.

16.World Bank approves $1 billion loan for PM ABHIM

Union Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya informed Rajya Sabha that the World Bank had given a USD 1 billion loan to fund India’s flagship PM Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission (PM-ABHIM) . The loan that has been approved includes two complementary loans totaling USD 500 million for India’s Advanced Healthcare Delivery Program and India’s Public Health System for Epidemic Preparedness Program (PHSPP).

17.Digit Insurance launches ‘pay as you drive’ for motor insurance

Go Digit General Insurance Limited launched ‘ Pay As You Drive ‘ (PAYD), an add-on feature for Motor Insurance on Damage (OD) policies. It has become the first insurance company to offer add-on feature to its customers. Insurance has launched an add-on feature for motor insurance on damage policies called ‘Pay as you drive’. Vehicle owners can buy this benefit as part of comprehensive coverage with Motor Own Damage (OD) policies. Customers driving an average of less than 10,000 km per year will now pay less with this add-on. Digit will use odometer readings, telematics data and annual kilometers to deliver this discount (up to 25%). IRDAI has allowed general insurance companies to introduce such technology-enabled concepts in motor OD policies.

18.FICCI slashes India’s GDP growth forecast to 7% for 2022-23

Industry body FICCI has lowered India’s economic growth forecast for the current financial year (2022-23) from 7.4 per cent to seven per cent. FICCI has downgraded its growth forecast due to geopolitical uncertainties. FICCI’s Economic Outlook Survey (July 2022) states that the Reserve Bank of India will increase the key policy rate repo to 5.65 percent by the end of the current financial year. At present the repo rate is 4.9 percent. The survey was conducted in June and includes leading economists representing industry, banking and financial services sectors. According to the survey, the GDP growth rate in the financial year 2022-23 is likely to be 7 percent. FICCI said that the Indian economy can grow at a maximum rate of 7.3 percent. At the same time, the minimum growth rate is estimated at 6.5 percent.

19.RBI adopts four-tier regulatory framework for urban cooperative banks

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has decided to adopt a four-tier simplified regulatory framework for urban co- operative banks (UCBs) based on the size of deposits . An expert committee headed by former RBI deputy governor NS Vishwanathan had made several recommendations to strengthen the UCBs. The committee, among other suggestions, had suggested a four-tier regulatory framework based on the size of banks’ deposits and their area of ​​operation. The Reserve Bank has accepted several recommendations of the committee in this regard. As per RBI’s revised regulatory framework for UCBs, “With a view to strengthen the financial soundness of the existing UCBs, it has been decided to adopt a simplified four-tier framework”.

20.Federal Bank and CBDT collaborate to offer online tax payment services

Federal Bank and the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) have allowed taxpayers to use the e-pay tax function of the e-filing portal . Taxes can now be paid using methods including Cash, NEFT/RTGS, Debit/Credit Cards, UPI, Net Banking etc. Through the branches of the bank, NRIs, domestic customers, and any tax paying citizen can generate tax challan and submit the payment.

21.Government declares zero interest financial products as ‘securities’

The government has declared zero interest financial products (zero coupon zero principal instruments) as securities in the case of non-profit institutions, amid preparations to set up a social stock market . ‘ Zero Coupon Zero Principal Instrument ‘ means a product issued by a Non-Profit Organization (NPO) . According to the official notification released on Friday, these products are sold by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).will be governed by the rules of Social Stock Market (SSE) is a new idea in India. The purpose of this type of exchange is to provide the private and not-for-profit sector an option to receive capital. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman made this proposal in the budget speech of 2019-20. SSE will be a separate segment in the existing stock market. According to the notification, the Central Government has declared ‘Zero Coupon Zero Principal Instrument’ as securities in view of the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956. SEBI’s board of directors had in September 2021 approved legislation for SSEs to raise capital by social enterprises. The regulator had constituted a working group and a technical group in this regard. Based on his recommendations, rules were framed for setting up SSEs.

22.Ookla’s Speedtest Global Index June 2022: India ranks 118th

According to Ookla ‘s Speedtest Global Index , India slipped three places in the global ranking for mobile average speed . Ookla said in a release, the reduction in download speed has brought the country from 115th in May 2022 to 118th in June . According to Ookla, in June 2022, India recorded an average mobile download speed of 14 Mbps , which was lower than the 14.28 Mbps recorded in May 2022. India’s average download speed on fixed broadband improved to 48.11 Mbps in June 2022 from 47.86 Mbps in the previous month. This raised the country’s global ranking by three places to 72nd in June 2022 from 75th in May 2022.

23.Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma launched ‘Swanirbhar Nari’ scheme

Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma said that ‘ Swanibhar Nari ‘ will empower indigenous weavers and create a heritage of textiles and handlooms .There is a plan to ensure the protection of The state government will procure handloom items directly from indigenous weavers through a web portal under the scheme. This scheme will help in preserving the heritage of handloom and textiles in the state. Under this scheme, the government has decided to procure handloom items directly from the local weavers without involving any middleman through the specially developed Swanirbhar Nari web portal. The scheme will be implemented with the help of Artfed and AGMC under the administrative control of Director, Handloom Textiles, Assam. Overall hand woven items from 31 different communities of the state have been included in the respective scheme.

24.RBI imposes penalty on three cooperative banks

Reserve Bank of India has imposed penalty on three cooperative banks . The central bank has taken this action due to the ignorance of the rules by these banks. The banks on which the RBI has acted include Shree Mallikarjuna Patna Cooperative Bank Ltd of Karnataka , Nashik District Girna Cooperative Bank of Maharashtra and Raigad Cooperative Bank .

25.Asia Cup cricket will be held in UAE – Sourav Ganguly

Board of Control for Cricket in India President Sourav Ganguly has confirmed that the Asia Cup cricket will be held in the United Arab Emirates. Earlier it was to be in Sri Lanka. After the Board’s Apex Council meeting in Mumbai, Mr. Ganguly said that the UAE is the only place where it will not rain during this period. The Sri Lanka Cricket Board had informed the Asia Cricket Council that it was not in a position to host the competition. The Asia Cup cricket will be held from 27 August to 11 September in the T-Twenty format.

26.Neeraj Chopra first Indian to win silver medal at World Athletics Championships

Tokyo Olympic gold medalist Neeraj Chopra has created history by winning a silver medal in the men’s javelin throw at the World Athletics Championships . Neeraj secured the second position in the finals of the competition in USA with a distance of 88.1-3 meters. Anderson Peters won the gold medal with a score of 90 in five-four meters. Neeraj Chopra is the first Indian to win a silver medal at the World Athletics Championships. He is the first Indian male and the second Indian athlete to win a medal at the World Championships. Earlier in the long jump, Anju Bobby George had won a bronze medal in the year 2003. President Ram Nath Kovind has congratulated Neeraj Chopra on winning a silver medal in men’s javelin throw at the World Athletics Championships.

27.FIH appoints Egypt’s Saif Ahmed as acting president

The International Hockey Federation (FIH) appointed Saif Ahmed of Egypt as the acting president following the resignation of Indian administrator Narinder Batra . Batra had resigned from the post of FIH President as well as the President of the Indian Olympic Association (IOA). He also gave up his membership of the Indian Olympic Committee (IOC), which was directly related to his position in the IOA.

28.national broadcasting day

Every year 23 July is celebrated as National Broadcasting Day across the country . On this day in the year 1927 , the Indian Broadcasting Company (IBC) started radio broadcasting from Bombay station . Radio broadcasting services in India were started in the year 1923 during the British rule under the initiative of Radio Club of Bombay . In 1930, the British government took over radio broadcasting and established the Indian State Broadcasting Service (ISBS).started. The IBC, a private entity, was given permission by the British government to operate two radio stations in the country. IBC was permanently renamed as the Indian State Broadcasting Service (ISBS) in May 1932. Later on June 8, 1936, the Indian State Broadcasting Service (ISBS) was converted into All India Radio (AIR) and in the year 1957 it was named All India Radio . Prasar BharatiIt is the largest public broadcasting agency in India and was established by an Act of Parliament. Presently All India Radio’s service comprises of 414 stations located across the country and reaches almost 92% of the country’s area and about 99.19% of the country’s population. Broadcast on All India Radio in 23 languages ​​and 146 dialects, it is one of the largest broadcasting organizations in the world in terms of socio-economic and cultural diversity in terms of languages ​​broadcast. Its goal is – ‘Bahujan Hitay, Bahujan Sukhay’.

29.Fragile X Awareness Day: 22 July

World Fragile X Awareness Day is observed every year on 22 July . On this day many sites and monuments are illuminated by different communities globally. The day is observed for families who have been affected by Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) and highlights the progress of research into its treatment. On this day, communities from around the world come together to shine a light on Fragile X, lighting up monuments and landmarks globally. Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a genetic disease inherited from parents to their children that causes developmental and intellectual disabilities . Martin-Bell SyndromeAnother name for Fragile X syndrome. In boys, the common hereditary mental retardation disease FXS occurs and affects 1 in 4,000 boys. Girls – 1 in every 8,000 is affected. People experience developmental and learning problems when suffering from FXS. This disease is a chronic condition. Only a small number of people who suffer from FXS are able to live independently.