Major Points about Maharashtra

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Major Points about Maharashtra

 

Maharashtra is a state in the Western part of India. It is the second most populous state in the country. Moreover, it is also the third-largest state by area in India. Maharashtra is currently the wealthiest state by GDP. It also happens to be the most industrialized state in the country.

 

Maharashtra
Capital &
Major Cities
Mumbai
Nagpur, Pune,
Aurangabad,
Amravati
Districts 36
Formed on 1 May 1960
Official
Language
Marathi, Varhadi,
Khandeshi, Konkani.
Known as/for The largest producer
of sugarcane in India
Physical
Characteristics
– To the west is the narrow Konkan
coastal lowland.
– The Western Ghats, running
north-south, separates
the coast from the interior –
the Deccan plateau.
– The Satpuda, hills along the
northern border, and
the Bhamragad-Chiroli-Gaikhuri
Ranges on the
eastern border serves as
natural limits to the state.
Natural
Vegetation
Tropical moist deciduous, tropical
semi-evergreen, tropical dry deciduous,
tropical thorny vegetation
Major
Rivers
– The Narmada river originates
in Amarkantak, the highest peak
of the Vindhya Range, it flows
westward through Madhya Pradesh,
Maharashtra & Gujarat before
finally ending its journey in the
Gulf of Khambhat
– The Godavari river flowing
from Brahmagiri
Mountain in Maharashtra to
Antarvedi into the Bay of Bengal
– The Krishna river flowing from
Mahabaleshwar
in Maharashtra to Andhra
Pradesh through Karnataka
Major
Regional
Festivals
Holi, Rangapanchami,
Dussehra, Ganesh Chaturthi,
Nag Panchami, Pola, Diwali
Major
Art
Forms
– Dance – Lavani, Koli Dance,
Dindi, Dhangari Gaja,
Kala Warli Paintings
– Music – Owi, Abhang, Palane,
Marathi Natya Sangeet
Industry – Oldest & Largest cotton
textile industry.
– Petrochemical, edible oils
processing, fruit canning
& preservation, processed
forest products, manufacture of
agricultural implements,
transport equipment,
rubber products,
electric & oil pumps,
lathes, compressors,
sugar mill machinery,
typewriters, refrigerators,
electronic equipment,
& television and radio sets,
automobiles
Minerals Manganese, coal, iron ore,
limestone, copper, bauxite,
silica sand, common salt,
bituminous coal, petroleum
Agriculture Jowar (grain sorghum), millet,
and pulses (legumes), Rice,
Wheat, Cotton, tobacco, &
peanuts (groundnuts),
Mangoes, Cashew nuts,
bananas & oranges
Geographical
Indications
Kolhapuri chappals & Jaggery,
Ratnagiri & Devgad Hapus,
Mahabaleshwar’s
strawberries, Nashik’s grapes,
Nashik Valley wine, Jalgaon’s
brinjals, Nagpur’s oranges,
Solapur Chaddar, Solapur
Terry towel, Puneri Pagadi,
Paithani sarees & fabrics,
Warli painting, Marathwada’s
Kesar mango, Dahanu
Gholvad chikoo, Jalgaon
banana, Mulshi Ambemohar
rice & Bhiwapur chili
State
Animal
Giant
Squirrel
State
Bird
Green
Imperial
Pigeon
State
Flower
Jarul
State
Tree
Mango
World
Heritage
Sites
Western Ghats,
Ajanta Caves,
Chhatrapati
Shivaji Terminus,
Elephanta Caves,
Ellora Caves
Tiger
Reserve
Melghat, Tadoba-Andhari, Pench,
Sahyadri, Navegaon-Nagzira, Bor
Biodiversity
Hotspots
Western Ghats
Bird
Sanctuaries
Mayani Bird Sanctuary,
Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary
National
Parks
Gugamal National Park
Navegaon National Park
Sanjay Gandhi National Park
Tadoba National Park
Pench National Park
Chandoli National Park
Marine
Protected
Area
Malvan Marine, Thane
Creek Flamingo
Wildlife
Sanctuaries
Amba Barwa WLS
Andhari WLS
Aner Dam WLS
Bhamragarh WLS
Bhimashankar WLS
Bor WLS Chaprala WLS
Deolgaon-Rehkuri WLS
Dnyanganga WLS
Gautala- Autram Ghat  WLS
Great Indian Bustard WLS
Jaikwadi WLS
Kalsubai Harishchandragad WLS
Karnala WLS
Karanja Sohal Blackbuck WLS
Katepurna WLS
Koyana WLS, Lonar WLS
Malvan Marine WLS
Mansingdeo WLS
Mayureswar Supe WLS
Melghat WLS, Nagzira WLS
Naigaon Mayur WLS
Nandur Madhyameshwar WLS
Narnala Bird WLS
Navegaon WLS, New Bor WLS
New Nagzira WLS
Painganga WLS, Phansad WLS
Radhanagari WLS
Sagareshwar WLS, Tansa WLS
Thane Creek Flamingo WLS
Tipeshwar WLS
Tungareshwar WLS, Yawal WLS
Yedsi Ramlin Ghat WLS
Umred-Kharngla WLS, Wan WLS