PARAGRAPH,WORDS AND MEANINGS

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Topic Of The Day:-“Opposition within”

Union Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has already opposed Ms. Mufti’s proposal as have Minister of State in the Prime Minister’s Office Jitendra Singh and the State Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)unit. Mr. Vajpayee was able to silence opponents within his party and alliance. There is little doubt that Mr. Modi could do the same, given that he is feted within the party and his allies in government would in any case support a ceasefire.

The question is, does he want to? The declaration of a unilateral ceasefire would undoubtedly be to his advantage in the Valley, where the BJP is reviled by many. But Mr. Modi is due to visit Kashmir on May 19, two days after Ramzan begins, and many in Kashmir hope that he might announce a ceasefire then. If he does not do so, he will again have shattered Kashmiri hopes and snubbed Ms. Mufti, as he did her father.

Yet Ms. Mufti also bears responsibility. If she has not done the groundwork to ensure that a unilateral ceasefire will soon be reciprocated, and a political process follows, then she too has played opportunist politics geared towards restoring the credibility of her failing administration. In that case she would have done better to seek common ground with her coalition partner to curtail the counterproductive counterinsurgency campaign and improve governance on the ground.

MEANINGS AND WORDS

1) Unremitting

Meaning: Never relaxing or slackening; incessant.

Example: “Unremitting drizzle”

Synonyms: Relentless, Continual

Antonyms: Intermittent, Spasmodic

2) Ray

Meaning: Each of the lines in which light (and heat) may seem to stream from the sun or any luminous body, or pass through a small opening.

Example: “A ray of sunlight came through the window”

Synonyms: Beam, Shaft

3) Ceasefire

Meaning: A temporary suspension of fighting; a truce.

Example: “The latest ceasefire seems to be holding”

4) Delegation

Meaning: A body of delegates or representatives; a deputation.

Example: “A delegation of teachers”

Synonyms: Deputation, Delegacy

5) Respite

Meaning: A short period of rest or relief from something difficult or unpleasant.

Example: “The refugee encampments will provide some respite from the suffering”

Synonyms: Rest, Break

6) Defended

Meaning: Resist an attack made on (someone or something); protect from harm or danger.

Example: “We shall defend our island, whatever the cost”

Synonyms: Protect, Guard

Antonyms: Attack

7) Idle

Meaning: Without purpose or effect; pointless.

Example: “He did not want to waste valuable time in idle chatter”

Synonyms: Frivolous, Trivial

Antonyms: Serious, Meaningful

8) Casualties

Meaning: A person killed or injured in a war or accident.

Example: “The shelling caused thousands of civilian casualties”  

Synonyms: Victim, Fatality

9) Reciprocate

Meaning: Respond to (a gesture or action) by making a corresponding one.

Example: “The favour was reciprocated”  

10) Constituency

Meaning: A group of voters in a specified area who elect a representative to a legislative body.

Example: “Most politicians are more interested in the voice of their constituency”

11) Imperative

Meaning: Giving an authoritative command; peremptory.

Example: “The bell pealed again, a final imperative call”  

Synonyms: Peremptory, Imperious

Antonyms: Submissive

12) Curtail

Meaning: Reduce in extent or quantity; impose a restriction on.

Example: “Civil liberties were further curtailed”

Synonyms: Reduce, Decrease  

Antonyms: Increase, Lengthen

13) De-escalate

Meaning: Reduce the intensity of (a conflict or potentially violent situation).

Example: “They had training in how to de-escalate a situation”

14) Counterinsurgency

Meaning: Military or political action taken against the activities of guerrillas or revolutionaries.

Example: “A counter-insurgency force”

15) Pave the way

Meaning: If something paves the way for/to something else, it makes the other thing possible.

Example: “Scientists hope that data from the probe will pave the way for a more detailed exploration of Mars”

16) Resentment

Meaning: Bitter indignation at having been treated unfairly.

Example: “His resentment at being demoted”  

Synonyms: Bitterness, Irritation

Antonyms: Contentment, Happiness

17) Lapses

Meaning: (Of a right, privilege, or agreement) become invalid because it is not used, claimed, or renewed; expire.

Example: “He let his membership of CND lapse”

Synonyms: Expire, Terminate

Antonyms: Current, Valid

18) Beleaguered

Meaning: Put in a very difficult situation.

Example: “The board is supporting the beleaguered director”  

Synonyms: Hard-pressed, Troubled

19) Allied

Meaning: Joined by or relating to members of an alliance.

Example: “Allied territories”  

Synonyms: Federal, Associated

Antonyms: Independent, Hostile

20) Backchannel

Meaning: A secondary or covert route for the passage of information.

Example: “We used him as a diplomatic backchannel”

21) Impetus

Meaning: The force or energy with which a body moves.

Example: “Hit the booster coil before the flywheel loses all its impetus”

Synonyms: Momentum, Propulsion

22) Hatred

Meaning: Intense dislike; hate.

Example: “Racial hatred”  

Synonyms: Loathing, Hate

Antonyms: Love, Liking

23) Lumpen

Meaning: Boorish and stupid.

Example: “The growing ranks of lumpen, uninhibited, denim-clad youth”

24) Alienation

Meaning: The state or experience of being alienated.

Example: “A sense of alienation from our environment”  

Synonyms: Isolation, Detachment

25) Faint

Meaning: Lacking conviction or enthusiasm; feeble.

Example: “She sent him a faint answering smile”

Synonyms: Unenthusiastic, Weak

Antonyms: Strong

26) Curtailing

Meaning: Reduce in extent or quantity; impose a restriction on.

Example: “Civil liberties were further curtailed”

Synonyms: Reduce, Cut

Antonyms: Increase, Lengthen

27) Quid pro quo

Meaning: A favour or advantage granted in return for something.

Example: “The pardon was a quid pro quo for their help in releasing hostages”

Synonyms: Exchange, Trade

28) Albeit

Meaning: Though.

Example: “He was making progress, albeit rather slowly”

29) Amenable

Meaning: Open and responsive to suggestion; easily persuaded or controlled.

Example: “Parents who have amenable children”  

Synonyms: Complaint, Biddable

Antonyms: Uncooperative

30) Plethora

Meaning: A large or excessive amount of something.

Example: “A plethora of committees and subcommittees”

31) Martyr

Meaning: A person who displays or exaggerates their discomfort or distress in order to obtain sympathy.

Example: “She wanted to play the martyr”  

32) Interlocutors

Meaning: A person who takes part in a dialogue or conversation.

33) Howl

Meaning: A strong expression of emotion, such as anger or disagreement.

Example: “Plans to build a new supermarket have been greeted with howls of protest from local residents”  

34) Abandon

Meaning: Give up completely (a practice or a course of action).

Example: “He had clearly abandoned all pretence of trying to succeed”

Synonyms: Renounce, Relinquish

Antonyms: Keep, Claim

36) Reviled

Meaning: Criticize in an abusive or angrily insulting manner.

Example: “He was now reviled by the party that he had helped to lead”  

Synonyms: Criticize, Censure

Antonyms: Praise, Extol

37) Shattered

Meaning: Damage or destroy (something abstract).

Example: “The crisis will shatter their confidence”

Synonyms:  Destroy, Wreck

38) Snubbed

Meaning: Rebuff, ignore, or spurn disdainfully.

Example: “He snubbed faculty members and students alike”  

Synonyms: Insult, Slight

39) Coalition

Meaning: A temporary alliance for combined action, especially of political parties forming a government.

Example: “A coalition between Liberals and Conservatives”

Synonyms: Alliance, Union