PARAGRAPH,WORDS AND MEANINGS

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Topic of the day:-“A Political Ploy: On The Hike In MSPs”

The Centre has cleared a hike in the minimum support prices (MSPs) for the kharif summer crop, ranging from a modest 3.7% increase for urad to as much as a 52.5% for the cereal ragi over the previous season. The NDA government says this ‘redeems’ its promise of assuring farmers a price at least 150% of the cost of production. The Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices is said to have gone by this cost-plus-50% principle, in line with the farm sector strategy announced in this year’s Budget. While making calculations, it relied on estimates of input costs actually paid by farmers and the imputed value of unpaid family labour engaged in the field. Yet, the final hikes announced for some crops are even higher – with the MSP for bajra pegged 97% over estimated costs. On an average, the MSP hike notified for 17 kharif crops is about 25% higher and constitutes the biggest hike since 2013-14. All in all, the announcement is an olive branch to farmers who over the past year spearheaded widespread protests over the rural distress. With less than a year to go for the general election, the NDA government has clearly opted to reverse the abundant, inflation-weary caution it had exercised while fixing MSPs. In fact, soon after assuming office in 2014, it had even admonished State governments for granting bonuses over and above the MSPs. Given that the MSP mechanism is primarily enforced through official procurement only for wheat and paddy, mere announcement of prices for other crops is unlikely to suffice in ensuring farmers get those returns. Anticipating this, the Budget had promised that Niti Aayog would work with the Centre and States to put a fool-proof mechanism in place so that farmers get adequate remuneration if market prices slip below the MSP. This could be through government purchases or a gap-funding mechanism whereby the difference between MSPs and market prices is transferred to farmers. Little is known on the status of this endeavour, or the Centre’s procurement strategy for this year. As things stand, the impact of these hikes on consumer price inflation is expected to vary between 0.5% and 1% by the end of 2018-19. On the other hand, the Centre’s fiscal arithmetic may not be too adversely affected if its outlay on procurement is around ₹15,000 crore, about 0.1% of GDP. But these costs could mount based on the procurement strategy and the new mechanism for MSP enforcement. While rural incomes may rise from this farm-friendly gestureconcomitant reforms to free agricultural markets are vital to prevent a distortionary effect on farmers’ choices on account of MSPs. Easing onerous stockholding limits under the Essential Commodities Act and avoiding frequent curbs on farm exports are key.

MEANINGS AND WORDS

1) Redeems

Meaning: Compensate for the faults or bad aspects of.

Example: “A disappointing debate redeemed only by an outstanding speech”

Synonyms: Save, Compensate for the defects of.

2) Assuring

Meaning: Make (something) certain to happen.

Example: “Victory was now assured”

3) Imputed

Meaning: Assign (a value) to something by inference from the value of the products or processes to which it contributes.

Example: “Recovering the initial outlay plus imputed interest”

4) Engaged

Meaning: Busy; occupied.

Synonyms: Busy, unavailable.

5) Pegged

Meaning: Fix (a price, rate, or amount) at a particular level.

Example: “The dividend was pegged at 23.59p”

Synonyms: Busy, unavailable.

6) Spearheaded

Meaning: Lead (an attack or movement).

Example: “He’s spearheading a campaign to reduce the number of accidents at work”

Synonyms: Lead, Head.

7) Protest

Meaning: A statement or action expressing disapproval of or objection to something.

Example: “The British team lodged an official protest”

Synonyms: Objection, Exception.

8) Distress

Meaning: extreme anxiety, sorrow, or pain.

Example: “To his distress he saw that she was trembling”

Synonyms: Anguish, Suffering.

9) Opted

Meaning: Make a choice from a range of possibilities.

Example: “Consumers will opt for low-priced goods”

Synonyms: Choose, Select.

10) Weary

Meaning: Feeling or showing extreme tiredness, especially as a result of excessive exertion.

Example: “He gave a long, weary sigh”

Synonyms: Tired, Tired out.

11) Admonished

Meaning: Advise or urge (someone) earnestly.

Example: “She admonished him to drink no more than one glass of wine”

Synonyms: Advise, Recommend.

12) Enforced

Meaning: Caused by necessity or force; compulsory.

Example: “A period of enforced idleness”

13) Procurement

Meaning: The action of obtaining or procuring something.

Example: “Financial assistance for the procurement of legal advice”

14) Suffice

Meaning: Be enough or adequate.

Example: “A quick look should suffice”

Synonyms: Be enough, Be sufficient.

15) Remuneration

Meaning: Money paid for work or a service.

Example: “They work in excess of their contracted hours for no additional remuneration”

Synonyms: Payment, Pay.