PARAGRAPH,WORDS AND MEANINGS

0
13

Topic of the day:-“‘Reunion Of Broken Parts’”

But electoral tactics apart, what is needed by the democratic Opposition now beyond alliance arithmetic is an ideational algebra, or ‘al jabr’ in Arabic, meaning “re-union of broken parts”. This algebra should give urgent attention to the ground-level needs of the people, especially farmers and agricultural labour. Immiserated by monopolist Mafiosi and techno-commercial market greed, they need to be redeemed by a political leadership that is truly a servant of the people.

If the NDA is using mythologies, the Opposition should point to real pathologies. It should tell voters how their socio-economic infirmities work. It should rescue them from the diversions, embellished with an international cast, that they are being offered. From all accounts, this is what it now seems to be working at.

The people of Karnataka have shown that if the Congress and other democratic parties knit together a pre-poll alliance and work for realistic pro-farmer and pro-labour poverty-alleviation, they can call the bluff of sectarian rhetoric and hollow hubris and can hit a Congress + allies = V+ result.

India’s south may well be turning a plain iron key on a door that seemed locked by golden screws and diamond hinges for at least 10 more years.

But, ultimately, what is as important as, if not more than, a change of the party in power or a change of leader is the inauguration of a new political spirit. India is tired of its politics. It needs not new politicians but a new politics. The Opposition must offer not a BJP-free but a fear-free and corruption-free alternative to their voters. Not a Bha-Ja-Pa mukt Bharat but a bhaya-mukt and Bhrasht-mukt Bharat.

MEANINGS AND WORDS

1) rigour

Meaning : the quality of being extremely thorough and careful(n).

Tamil Meaning : கடுமை

Synonyms : accuracy , difficulty

Antonyms : calmness

Example : “his analysis is lacking in rigour”

2) christen

Meaning : use for the first time.(v)

Synonyms : asperse

Antonyms : ignore

Example : “he bought a new pair of boots and christened them with his first goal at the McAlpine Stadium”

3) bustle

Meaning : move in an energetic and busy manner(v).excited activity and movement.(n)

Tamil Meaning : சந்தடி செய்

Synonyms : tumult

Antonyms : calm

Example : “people clutching clipboards bustled about”

4) Presumably

Meaning : used to convey that what is asserted is very likely though not known for certain.(adv)

Tamil Meaning : ஊகிக்கப்படுகிறது

Synonyms : apparently, probably

Antonyms : improbably

Example : “it was not yet ten o’clock, so presumably the boys were still at the pub”

5) reluctant

Meaning : unwilling and hesitant; disinclined.(adj)

Tamil Meaning : தயக்கம்

Synonyms : afraid

Antonyms : bold

Example : “today, many ordinary people are still reluctant to talk about politics”

6) evoke

Meaning :  bring or recall (a feeling, memory, or image) to the conscious mind.

Tamil Meaning : வருவதற்காக

Synonyms : arouse

Antonyms : deaden

Example : “the sight evoked pleasant memories of his childhood”

7) revivalism

Meaning : an improvement in the condition, strength, or fortunes of someone or something.(n)

Tamil Meaning : மறுமலர்ச்சி

Synonyms : renewal

Antonyms : destruction

Example : “a revival in the fortunes of the party”

8) asserted

Meaning : state a fact or belief confidently and forcefully.(v)

Tamil Meaning : வலியுறுத்தும்

Synonyms : allege

Antonyms : abandon

Example : “the company asserts that the cuts will not affect development”

9) dispute

Meaning : a disagreement or argument.

Tamil Meaning : சர்ச்சை

Synonyms : brawl

Antonyms : accord

Example : “a territorial dispute between the two countries”

10) contend

Meaning : struggle to surmount (a difficulty)(v).

Tamil Meaning : போராட

Synonyms : argue

Antonyms : agree

Example : “she had to contend with his uncertain temper”

11) confluence

Meaning : the junction of two rivers, especially rivers of approximately equal width.

Tamil Meaning : சங்கமிக்கும்

Synonyms : assemblage

Antonyms : division

Example :”the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss”

12) dispensation

Meaning : exemption from a rule or usual requirement.(n)

Tamil Meaning : பகிர்ந்தளிப்பதற்கு

Synonyms : disbursement

Antonyms : disfavor

Example : “although she was too young, she was given special dispensation to play before her birthday”

13) reinforces

Meaning : strengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material.(v)

Tamil Meaning : வலுப்படுத்தும்

Synonyms : bolster

Antonyms : diminish

Example : “the helmet has been reinforced with a double layer of cork”

14) terrain

Meaning : a stretch of land, especially with regard to its physical features.(n)

Tamil Meaning : நிலப்பரப்பு

Synonyms :  contour

Antonyms : sky

Example : “they were delayed by rough terrain”

15) assimilation

Meaning : take in and understand fully (information or ideas).(v)

Tamil Meaning : தன்வயப்படுத்தியதை

Synonyms : grasp

Antonyms : exclude

Example : “Marie tried to assimilate the week’s events”

16) coalition

Meaning : a temporary alliance for combined action, especially of political parties forming a government.(n)

Tamil Meaning : கூட்டணி

Synonyms : alliance , faction

Antonyms : detachment

Example : “a coalition between Liberals and Conservatives”

17) imparted

Meaning : make (information) known(v).

Tamil Meaning : இயம்பி

Synonyms : communicate

Antonyms : withhold

Example : “the teachers imparted a great deal of knowledge to their pupils”

18) impetus

Meaning : the force or energy with which a body moves.(n)

Tamil Meaning : உத்வேகம்

Synonyms : impulse , momentum

Antonyms : block

Example : “hit the booster coil before the flywheel loses all its impetus”

19) contrary

Meaning : opposite in nature, direction, or meaning.(adj),the opposite.(n)

Tamil Meaning : மாறாக

Synonyms : adverse

Antonyms : agreeable

Example : “he ignored contrary advice and agreed on the deal”

20) dismay

Meaning : concern and distress caused by something unexpected.(n),cause (someone) to feel concern and distress.(v)

Tamil Meaning : கண்டனத்தை

Synonyms : alarm , anxiety

Antonyms : assurance

Example : “to his dismay, she left him”