PARAGRAPH,WORDS AND MEANINGS

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Topic Of The Day:-“Northern Comfort: On Congress’s Win In Hindi Heartland”

The Congress’s Performance In The Hindi Heartland Will Enthuse It In The Run-Up To 2019

For a party that had appeared to be lost in the political wilderness over the past few years, the Congress has plenty to cheer about following the results in the recent round of Assembly elections. In the three Hindi-speaking States, where it was locked in a direct contest with the Bharatiya Janata Party, the Congress has performed more than creditably, raising hopes of a revival of fortunes as the country gears up for the general election in 2019. In Chhattisgarh, the party probably well exceeded even its own expectations by building a massive 10-percentage point lead over the BJP, setting itself up to win more than a two-thirds majority. The battle in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh were on a more even keel, but at the time of writing it appears that the Congress may have done enough to form a government in both States. A measure of how much of a reversal this is for the BJP can be gauged by comparing this result with that of the 2014 Lok Sabha election, when the BJP won 62 of the 65 parliamentary seats in the three States. If the Congress struggled to breast the tape in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh, it was because independents and smaller parties registered a few surprise victories; in Rajasthan, for instance, more than a dozen independents were among the winners. If the results are interpreted as pointers on how the 2019 election will play out, then the Congress may be still short of where it would like to be. But the results may well infuse the party leadership with the confidence that it is on the comeback trail.

The Congress’s performance in these States will take some of the sting out of its losses in Telangana and Mizoram, where it was bested by regional players. The Telangana Rashtra Samithi won big, making light of the broad alliance put together by the Congress. Indeed, the alliance between the Congress and the Telugu Desam Party may well have polarised the contest in favour of the TRS. The TDP, which rules neighbouring Andhra Pradesh, is not exactly a popular party in much of Telangana because of its vacillations on the question of the creation of the new State. It is possible that the Congress was looking at the larger picture while deciding to ally with the TDP, seeing the regional party’s leader N. Chandrababu Naidu as a rallying point for Opposition unity. United Andhra Pradesh was one State that contributed significantly to the Congress tally in both 2004 and 2009, and to be reduced to such pitiful numbers in Telangana, with little room for improvement in Andhra Pradesh, should certainly be a cause for concern for the national leadership of the party. Winning an ally in the TDP is small recompense for the massive erosion in the Congress’s support base in the region. In Mizoram, where people vote against the Congress whenever the party is out of power at the Centre, the Mizo National Front was, unsurprisingly, the winner this time. But this defeat held another pain point: it saw the Congress losing its last citadel in the Northeast.The best news for the Congress was of course Chhattisgarh. The presence of a third front in the form of the Janta Congress Chhattisgarh, led by former Chief Minister Ajit Jogi, and the Bahujan Samaj Party, which took away a chunk of the anti-incumbency votes, did nothing to deny the Congress a big win. Chhattisgarh had voted overwhelmingly for the BJP in 2014, giving it 10 of the 11 seats, and the dramatic reversal infortunes must have shocked the BJP. But the Congress can also take heart from the performance in Madhya Pradesh, a much larger State that sends 29 members to the Lok Sabha. Although there was not much that separated the two parties in terms of vote share, the Congress can reasonably believe that the momentum is with it. In Rajasthan, where it performed stunningly in by-elections, and where anti-incumbency sentiment was believed to be riding high, the Congress, despite its victory, may regard its own performance as sub-par. For the BJP, the setback in Rajasthan, which has not been kind to the incumbent from 1998 onward, was no surprise. Despite conceding a substantial number of Assembly seats, the party can take solace from the fact that the difference in vote share between it and the Congress was minuscule. However, looking forward, the BJP will be worried that the results will encourage the Congress and the BSP to come together in an electoral embrace. In Madhya Pradesh, the BSP has demonstrated its strength, or at the very least its capacity to be a spoiler. An alliance of the Samajwadi Party, the BSP and the Congress that extends beyond Uttar Pradesh to Madhya Pradesh can seriously alter the political landscape of the region.As for the BJP, the results are an opportunity to introspect. Not just on the performance of its governments in the State, but also the performance of the Narendra Modi government at the Centre. To reduce the results of the Hindi-speaking States to the intangible anti-incumbency sentiment would be a mistake. After all, both Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Raman Singh and Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan survived two elections as incumbents. A potent mix of rural distress and urban angst seem to havecontributed to the erosion in the BJP’s support base. Farmers suffered disproportionately and for longer following demonetisation, and small traders in urban areas have felt handicapped by the straitjacket of the Goods and Services Tax. It may be tempting to think that aggressive cow vigilantism and the Ram temple will influence voter behaviour, but these elections underline it is livelihood concerns that really influence voter behaviour. The BJP will need to tackle issues of employment and development with better intent if it is to arrest the slide. The first term of a Prime Minister is won on promise, but the second term will have to be won on performance. Not even Narendra Modi is an exception to this.

MEANINGS AND WORDS

1) wilderness

Meaning : a neglected or abandoned area.(n)

Synonyms : desert

Antonyms : region

Example : “the garden had become a wilderness of weeds and bushes”

2) contest

Meaning : engage in competition to attain (a position of power).

Tamil Meaning : போட்டி

Synonyms : struggle

Antonyms : collaborate

Example : “she declared her intention to contest the presidency”

3) creditable

Meaning : (of a performance, effort, or action) deserving public acknowledgement and praise but not necessarily outstanding or successful.

Synonyms : estimable

Antonyms : outrageous

Example : “a very creditable 2–4 defeat”

4) revival

Meaning : an improvement in the condition, strength, or fortunes of someone or something(n).

Synonyms : renewal

Antonyms : suppression

Example : “a revival in the fortunes of the party”

5) gauged

Meaning : estimate or determine the amount, level, or volume of.

Synonyms : assessed

Antonyms : estimated

Example : “astronomers can gauge the star’s intrinsic brightness”

6) interpreted

Meaning : explain the meaning of (information or actions).

Synonyms : rendered

Antonyms : distorted

Example : “the evidence is difficult to interpret”

7) infuse

Meaning : fill; pervade.

Synonyms : permeate

Antonyms : boldness

Example : “her work is infused with an anger born of pain and oppression”

8) recompense

Meaning : make amends to (someone) for loss or harm suffered; compensate.

Synonyms : reward

Antonyms : take

Example : “offenders should recompense their victims”

9) citadel

Meaning : a fortress, typically one on high ground above a city.

Synonyms : fortress

Antonyms : shack

Example : “the garrison withdrew into the citadel”

10) chunk

Meaning : a thick, solid piece of something.

Synonyms : lump

Antonyms : morsel

Example : “huge chunks of masonry littered the street”

11) conceding

Meaning : admit or agree that something is true after first denying or resisting it.

Synonyms : allow

Antonyms : deny

Example : “I had to concede that I’d overreacted”

12) minuscule

Meaning : extremely small; tiny.

Synonyms : diminutive

Antonyms : huge

Example : “a minuscule fragment of DNA”

13) embrace

Meaning : hold (someone) closely in one’s arms, especially as a sign of affection.(v)

Synonyms : squeeze

Antonyms : exclude

Example : “Aunt Sophie embraced her warmly”

14) intangible

Meaning : unable to be touched; not having physical presence.

Synonyms : unsubstantial

Antonyms : tangible

Example : “the moonlight made things seem intangible”

15) distress

Meaning : extreme anxiety, sorrow, or pain.(n)

Synonyms : anguish

Antonyms : comfort

Example : “to his distress he saw that she was trembling”

16) solace

Meaning : comfort or consolation in a time of great distress or sadness(n).

Synonyms : comfort

Antonyms : anguish

Example : “she sought solace in her religion”

17) led

Meaning : cause (a person or animal) to go with one by holding them by the hand, a halter, a rope, etc. while moving forward.

Synonyms : directed

Antonyms : prevent

Example : “she emerged leading a bay horse”

18) fortunes

Meaning : chance or luck as an arbitrary force affecting human affairs.

Synonyms : fates

Antonyms : losses

Example : “some malicious act of fortune keeps them separate”

19) vacillations

Meaning : the inability to decide between different opinions or actions; indecision.(n)

Synonyms : hesitations

Antonyms : insistences

Example : “the First Minister’s vacillation over the affair”

20) introspect

Meaning : examine one’s own thoughts or feelings.

Synonyms : ponder

Example : “what they don’t do is introspect much about the reasons for their plight”

21) contributed

Meaning : give (something, especially money) in order to help achieve or provide something.

Synonyms : give

Antonyms : neglect

Example : “taxpayers had contributed £141.8 million towards the cost of local services”

22) despite

Meaning : without being affected by; in spite of.

Synonyms : in spite of

Antonyms : exalt

Example : “he remains a great leader despite age and infirmity”