PARAGRAPH,WORDS AND MEANINGS

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Topic Of The Day:-“On Elizabeth Warren’s U.S. Presidential Bid: Democratic Hope”

Elizabeth Warren Makes The First Move Towards A U.S. Presidential Bid

Elizabeth Warren, Democratic Senator of Massachusetts, has announced her likely candidacyfor the 2020 U.S. presidential race. In her statement she put racial and gender-based inequality front and centre in her campaign agenda, as much as income inequality faced by the middle class. For these ills of the American economy, she blamed the excesses of under-regulated Wall Street corporations and billionaires with the money muscle to bend political rules. Although Ms. Warren, who won a second six-year Senate term in November, had declined to enter the 2016 general election and challenge Hillary Clinton in the Democratic primary, she made a name for herself as a top-tier Democrat by taking on President Donald Trump, describing him as a “thin-skinned racist bully”. However, she attracted criticism for an unnecessary controversy over taking a DNA test to establish her Native American heritage, after Mr. Trump used racistepithets to provoke and smear her ethnic antecedents. Notwithstanding that blip, the formerHarvard law professor, who hails from a blue-collar background in Oklahoma, has repeatedly underscored her credentials as a champion of multiracial populism. Over the past year she has sharpened her attack on Mr. Trump’s politics, arguing that he deflects attention from the impact of his divisive policies on ordinary American families and instead blames “other working people, people who are black, or brown, people born somewhere else.”Despite the considerable achievements of Ms. Warren, who had not held public office before 2013, the obstacles ahead for her proposed presidential run are formidable. First, the general expectation is that the field for the Democratic nomination will widen considerably over through 2019, given that more than three dozen Democratic candidates-in-the-making are said to be considering joining the race, several of them for the first time. Some, such as Kamala Harris of California or Cory Booker of New Jersey, could hold stronger appeal with millennial voters and people of colour. Second, it is hard to predict how Ms. Warren will fare against self-professedDemocratic socialist candidate Bernie Sanders, or Senator Sherrod Brown of Ohio, both economic populists who could hypothetically cut into her share of voters of a similar ideologicalpersuasion. Finally, the risk of pursuing a populist theme from the centre-left of the political spectrum is that she would be an easy target for Mr. Trump and conservatives, who are likely toderide her as an out-of-touch liberal academic and a threat to free enterprise. Nevertheless, as a candidate for the nation’s highest office, Ms. Warren’s ideological moorings are set. It is notinconceivable that, given how bitterly polarised the electorate is today, Ms. Warren’s bold liberalism could offer hope to millions of voters dismayed at what Mr. Trump has done to their nation.

MEANINGS AND WORDS

1) halved

Meaning : divide into two parts of equal or roughly equal size(v).

Synonyms : bisect

Antonyms : combine

Example : “halve the aubergine lengthways”

2) candidacy

Meaning : the fact or condition of standing for a position or status, especially in an election(n).

Synonyms : nomination

Antonyms : voter

Example : “he’s going to announce his candidacy for the US Senate”

3) racial

Meaning : on the grounds of or connected with difference in race.(adj)

Synonyms : national

Antonyms : international

Example : “racial abuse”

4) blamed

Meaning : feel or declare that (someone or something) is responsible for a fault or wrong(v).

Synonyms : accursed

Antonyms : acquitted

Example : “the inquiry blamed the train driver for the accident”

5) bend

Meaning : a curve in a road, river, path, or racing circuit.(n)

Synonyms : bow

Antonyms : stagnation

Example : “the van screeched round a bend”

6) controversy

Meaning : prolonged public disagreement or heated discussion.

Synonyms : bickering

Antonyms : concurrence

Example : “the design of the building has caused controversy”

7) racist

Meaning : a person who shows or feels discrimination or prejudice against people of other races, or who believes that a particular race is superior to another.

Synonyms : biased

Antonyms : fair

Example : “I had a fear of being called a racist”

8) epithets

Meaning : an adjective or phrase expressing a quality or attribute regarded as characteristic of the person or thing mentioned.(n)

Synonyms : description

Example : “old men are often unfairly awarded the epithet ‘dirty’”

9) provoke

Meaning : stimulate or give rise to (a reaction or emotion, typically a strong or unwelcome one) in someone(v).

Synonyms : enrage

Antonyms : appease

Example : “the decision provoked a storm of protest from civil rights organizations”

10) smear

Meaning : coat or mark (something) messily or carelessly with a greasy or sticky substance.(v)

Synonyms : besmirch

Antonyms : collect

Example : “his face was smeared with dirt”

11) ethnic

Meaning : relating to a population subgroup (within a larger or dominant national or cultural group) with a common national or cultural tradition(adj).

Synonyms : indigenous

Antonyms : avoidant

Example : “ethnic and cultural rights and traditions”

12) hope

Meaning : a feeling of expectation and desire for a particular thing to happen.(n)

Synonyms : ambition

Antonyms : dislike

Example : “he looked through her belongings in the hope of coming across some information”

13) hails

Meaning : (of a large number of objects) fall or be hurled forcefully.(v)

Synonyms : barrage

Antonyms : avoidant

Example : “missiles and bombs hail down from the sky”

14) divisive

Meaning : tending to cause disagreement or hostility between people(adj).

Synonyms : disruptive

Example : “the highly divisive issue of abortion”

15) instead

Meaning : as an alternative or substitute.(adv)

Synonyms : rather

Antonyms : unmitigated

Example : “do not use lotions, but put on a clean dressing instead”

16) Despite

Meaning : contemptuous treatment or behaviour; outrage.(n)

Synonyms : against

Antonyms : exalt

Example : “the despite done by him to the holy relics”

17) proposed

Meaning : put forward (a plan or suggestion) for consideration by others(v).

Synonyms : expected

Antonyms : rejected

Example : “he proposed a new nine-point peace plan”

18) formidable

Meaning : inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capable(adj).

Synonyms : daunting

Antonyms : trivial

Example : “a formidable opponent”

19) widen

Meaning : make or become wider.(v)

Synonyms : broaden

Antonyms : compress

Example : “we should widen the scope of our investigation”

20) appeal

Meaning : make a serious, urgent, or heartfelt request(v).

Synonyms : claim

Antonyms : answer

Example : “police are appealing for information about the incident”

21) predict

Meaning : say or estimate that (a specified thing) will happen in the future or will be a consequence of something(v).

Synonyms : anticipate

Antonyms : ignore

Example : “it is too early to predict a result”

22) professed

Meaning : (of a quality, feeling, or belief) claimed openly but often falsely.(adj)

Synonyms : stated

Example : “for all her professed populism, she was seen as remote from ordinary people”

23) persuasion

Meaning : the action or process of persuading someone or of being persuaded to do or believe something.(n)

Synonyms : seduction

Antonyms : disability

Example : “Monica needed plenty of persuasion before she actually left”

24) pursuing

Meaning : follow or chase (someone or something).(v)

Synonyms : ensuing

Antonyms : preceding

Example : “the officer pursued the van”

25) conservatives

Meaning : a person who is averse to change and holds traditional values(v).

Synonyms : timid

Antonyms : inconstant

Example : “he remains a conservative in constitutional matters”

26) deride

Meaning : express contempt for; ridicule(v).

Synonyms : disdain

Antonyms : admire

Example : “the decision was derided by environmentalists”

27) inconceivable

Meaning : not capable of being imagined or grasped mentally; unbelievable.(adj)

Synonyms : improbable

Antonyms : believable

Example : “it seemed inconceivable that the president had been unaware of what was going on”

28) dismayed

Meaning : cause (someone) to feel concern and distress(v).

Synonyms : agitate

Antonyms : appease

Example : “they were dismayed by the U-turn in policy”