STATIC GK (MONUMENTS)

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State Monument Place Built by Built Year Features  
Historical monuments of Madhya Pradesh Sanchi Stupa Raisen Mauryan Emperor Ashoka 3rd Century BC UNESCO World Heritage Site 

It contains Buddhist temples and Viharas. The Lion Capital of Ashokan Pillar can be found at the Sanchi Stupa complex.

Gwalior Fort Gwalior Suraj Sen 8th Century It is built based on influences from Hindu and Islamic architecture.
Historical monuments of Delhi Feroz Shah Kotla Delhi Ferozshan Tughlaq 1354 It was built by Feroz Shah Tughlaq during the shift of his capital from Tughlaqabad to Firozabad because of the scarcity of water at the former capital.
Humayun Tomb Delhi Empress Bega Begum 1569-70 Humayun Tomb was built by his wife Biga Begum after his death.
Hauz Khas Delhi Alauddin Khilji, Khilji Dynasty 1352- 1354 AD Hauz means “water tank” and khas means “royal”. It was built as a large water tank to supply water to the inhabitants of Siri Fort.
Jama Masjid Delhi Shahjahan 1650-1656 It is constructed with Red Sandstone and White Marble.
Jantar-Mantar Delhi Sawai Jai Singh 1729 The Jantar Mantar’s main goal was to compile astronomical tables that would eventually aid in predicting the timing and movement of celestial bodies including the sun, moon, and other planets.
Khirki Masjid Delhi Ghyasuddin Tughlaq 1351 and 1354 It was built as an inaugural contribution to the Capital of Ghyasuddin Tughlaq.
Moti Masjid (Red Fort) Delhi Aurangzeb 1659-1660 It is located inside Red Fort in Delhi.
Rashtrapati Bhavan Delhi Sir Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker 1913–30 House of President of India
Purana Qila Delhi Mughal Emperor Humayun & Sher Shah Suri 1538 Oldest Fort constructed in Delhi. Fort. It formed the inner citadel of Dinpanah city.
Red Fort Delhi Shahjahan 1546 AD It was built as a palace fort of Shahjahanabad, which was the new capital of Shah Jahan.
Safdarjung Tomb Delhi Shuja-ud-daula 1754 The tomb is built in Red Sandstone and White Marble.
Qutub Minar Delhi Qutubuddin Aibak 1200 AD UNESCO World Heritage Site. The height of Qutub Minar is 73 m.
Historical Monuments in Karnataka Gol Gumbaz Karnataka, Bijapur Mohammed Adil Shah 1656 SEcond largest dome in the world, the first being Peter’s Basilica in Rome.
Historical Monuments in Odisha Jagannath Puri Temple Odisha, Puri Ananta Varman Chodaganga Deva, Ruler of Ganga Dynasty 1161 CE Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Jagannath. It is one of the Char Dham pilgrimage sites located in India and is also well-known for the Rath Yatra, the annual chariot festival.
Sun Temple Odisha, Konark Emperor Narasingha Deva I 1244 The temple was built to worship Surya, the Sun God.
 

Historical Monuments in Maharashtra

Ajanta- Ellora Caves Maharashtra, Aurangabad Gupta rulers 400 to 650 CE It is one of the largest rock-cut Hindu temple caves and included in UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Bibi Ka Maqbara Maharashtra, Aurangabad Aurangzeb 1668 and 1669 C.E. It is built by Aurangzeb in memory of wife Dilras Banu Begum.
Elephanta Cave Maharashtra, Mumbai Rashtrakuta rulers 15th Century Elephanta Caves consists of five Hindu cave temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and two Buddhist caves and stupas.
Gateway Of India Maharashtra, Mumbai George Wittet (British Government) 1924 It is built in Indo-Saracenic style. The structure is an arch that is made of basalt and is 26 meters in height.
Kanheri Caves Maharashtra, Mumbai Buddhists 1st century The Kanheri Caves are a collection of caves and carved-out rock structures. They include Buddhist paintings, inscriptions, sculptures, and relief carvings.
Historical Monuments in Punjab Golden Temple Punjab, Amritsar Guru Arjan 1604 Golden Temple is also known as Harmandir in India.
Historical Monuments in Rajasthan Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra Rajasthan, Ajmer Qutubuddin Aibak, Mamluk Dynasty 1199 It is a mosque built in Indo-Islamic architecture.
Lohagarh Fort Rajasthan,Bharatpur Raja Surajmal Singh, Jat Ruler Early 18th century It was built by Maharaja Suraj Mal – the founder of Bharatpur.
Ajmer Sharif Dargah Rajasthan, Ajmer Mughal Emperor Humayun 1236 It is the Darga of Sufi Saint, Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chishti.
Dilwara Jain Temple Rajasthan, Mount Abu Chalukya Dynasty 11-13 century It is a Jain temple dedicated to Lord Mahaveer, Tirthankar.
Hawa Mahal Rajasthan, Jaipur Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh 1799 Hawa Mahal is built in Red and Pink Sandstone.
Jaigarh Fort Rajasthan, Jaipur Sawai Jai Singh II 1726 The fort is also known as Cheel Ka Teela. It was built to store arms, ammunition, armor, and supplies for the Amer Fort in case of war.
Mehrangarh Fort Rajasthan, Jodhpur Rao Jodha, Founder of Jodhpur 1459 Mehrangarh Fort is also known as Jodhpur Fort. It is located in the center of Jodhpur over 5 kilometers on top of a high hill.
Mandore Palace Rajasthan, Jodhpur Maharaja Ajit Singh 6th century Mandore was the capital of the Rajputana Kingdom. Mandore Garden is built around the royal cenotaphs (Chhatris) of the Rathore rulers.
Nahargarh Fort Rajasthan, Jaipur Sawai Jai Singh II, Founder of Jaipur 1734 The fort is located in Aravalli Hills.
Vijaya Stambha Rajasthan, Chittorgarh Maharana Kumbha, Mewar King 1448 Vijaya Stambha was built to honor the victory of Maharana Kumbha over the army of Malwa led by Mahmud Khalji in the Battle of Sarangpur.
Historical Monuments in Kashmir Charar-E- Sharif Kashmir, Budgam Zainul Abedin 1460 It is one of the oldest and sacrosanct shrines of Indian Muslims. It was constructed as a memorial to Sheikh Noor-ud-Din Noorani, a Sufi saint.
Nishat Garden Kashmir, Srinagar Asaf Ali Khan 1633 Nishant is a urdu word which means “Garden of Joy,” “Garden of Gladness. It is located on the east side of Dal Lake in Srinagar.
Shalimar Garden Kahsmir, Srinagar Jahangir 1619 It is also known as Farah Baksh’. It was built by Jahangir for his wife Nur Jahan.
Historical Monuments in Tamil Nadu Saint George Fort Tamil Nadu, Chennai British East India Company 1640 AD It was the first establishment of the British Empire in India and later became the British capital in south India.
Historical Monuments in Uttar Pradesh Agra Fort Uttar Pradesh, Agra Mughal Emperor Akbar 1565-1573 The Fort was built when Akbar shifted his capital to Agra. It is made up of Red sandstone.
Akbar Tomb Uttar Pradesh, Sikandra Akbar 1605-1613 Akbar Tomb is a prominent Mughal architecture. The South gate of this tomb is the largest gate that is made up of four white marble chhatri-topped minarets.
Aram Bagh Uttar Pradesh, Agra Mughal Emperor Babur 1528 Aram Bagh is considered the oldest Mughal garden in India.
Bada Imambara Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow Asaf-ud-daula, Lucknow 1784 Bada Imambara is a place of worship for Muslims. It is also known as Bhul Bhulaiya because of its incredible maze.
Chhota Imambara Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow Nawab Muhammad Ali Shah 1838 It is the west of Bara Imambara. It is a worship hall for Shia Muslims.
Fatehpur Sikri Uttar Pradesh, Agra Mughal Emperor Akbar 1571- 1573 Fatehpur Sikri s built in Red Sandstone. It was built to honor the great Sufi saint Sheikh Salim Chisti
Tomb of Itmad-Ud-Daula Uttar Pradesh, Agra Nurjahan 1628 It was the first tomb to be built in white marble instead of red sandstone. It also marked the departure from the red sandstone buildings of Mughal Architecture.
Jama Mosque Uttar Pradesh , Agra Jehanara Begum, Daughter of Shah Jahan 1648 It is a worship place for Muslims.
Moti Masjid (Agra Fort) Uttar Pradesh, Agra Shahjahan 1655 Moti Masjid is located in the complex of Agra Fort. It is built of white Marble.
Sati Burj Uttar Pradesh, Mathura Raja Bharmal 1570 AD Sati Burj is a 17-meter tall red sandstone tower. It was built to commemorate the demise of the widow of Raja Biharimal of Amer who committed Sati.
Taj Mahal Agra Shahjahan 1648 AD UNESCO World Heritage Site
Historical Monuments in Telangana Char- Minar Telangana, Hyderabad Sultan Mohammed Quli Qutb Shah 1591 Char-Minar is a square-shaped structure that consists of four pillars and intricate carvings built in honor of Quli Qutb Shah’s wife, Bhagmati.
Makka Masjid Telangana, Hyderabad Sultan Muhammad Qutb Shah 1693 Makka Masjid is located adjacent to Charminar in a southwest direction. It is built in granite and bricks that were brought from Mecca, the holy city in Saudi Arabia.
Historical Monuments in West Bengal Victoria Memorial Kolkata British Government 1906-1921 Victoria Memorial is designed by William Emerson. It is based on the Indo-Saracenic revivalist style.
Historical monuments of Bihar Golghar Patna Captain John Garstin of British Army 1786 Golghar is built in Indo-Gothic style. It was used as a government building in the British era.
Pathar Ki Masjid Patna Perwez Shah, son of Mughal Emperor Jahangir 1621 Pathar Ki Masjid is made of stone and is the oldest mosque in Patna. It is located on the Ghats of the River Ganges.
Sher Shah’s Tomb Sasaram Mir Muhammad Aliwal Khan 1545 It was Built in memory of Emperor Sher Shah Suri. He defeated Mughal Empire and founded the Suri Empire.
Vishnupad Temple Gaya Rani Ahilyabai 1787 The name “Vishnupad Mandir” comes from the purported presence of Lord Vishnu’s 40-cm-long footprint in a basalt rock.