United Kingdom to build world’s most powerful climate-change forecasting supercomputer

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1. Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the purchase of one lakh portable oxygen concentrators from PM Cares Fund
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the purchase of one lakh portable oxygen concentrators from PM Cares Fund . The decision was taken at a high-level meeting held under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister to improve medical oxygen supply. The Prime Minister directed that these oxygen concentrators should be procured as soon as possible and sent to high priority states. In addition to the already approved 713 PSA Oxygen Plant ie Pressure Swing Adjournment , five hundred new PSA Oxygen plants from PM Care FundHas been approved. The PSA plants will supply liquid medical oxygen to the district headquarters and hospitals in Tier 2 cities. These hundred PSA plants will be set up using indigenous technology developed by DRDO and CSIR to domestic manufacturers. DRDO has developed a medical oxygen plant technology for the Tejas Ladaku aircraft of the Air Force, which is helping in the transportation of oxygen for Kovid patients. The installation of PSA plants and the purchase of portable oxygen will significantly increase the supply of oxygen, thereby removing the difficulties in transporting oxygen from plants to hospitals.
2. Kovid registration process started for all people above 18 years of age. Vaccination campaign from 1st May
The process of registration of Kovid vaccination has started for all the people above 18 years of age in the country . The third phase of the vaccination campaign may first Starting from Registration for this can be done on Kovin Portal, Arogya Setu App and Umang App. In this phase, free immunization of health workers, frontline workers and all those above 45 years of age will be continued in the central government centers. In this phase, the vaccine manufacturers will supply fifty percent of the monthly quota to the central government, while fifty percent of the vaccine can be released to the states and in the open market. In this phase, all people above the age of 18 years will have to make online registration compulsory. The center will not be vaccinated without registering. People have to enter their details on the Kovin platform, Arogya Setu App or Umang App and upload a photo ID.
3. Approval of the Agreement on Customs Cooperation and Mutual Administrative Assistance between India and England
The Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the agreement between India and England on customs cooperation and mutual administrative assistance in customs matters . The agreement will provide a valid action plan to share information between the customs officials of the two countries. This will help in the proper use of customs laws, prevention and investigation of customs offenses and facilitating legitimate trade.
4. Export of organic food products from India increases by more than 50 percent despite the challenges of Kovid
Kovid -19 despite the challenges in the 2020-21 Indian organic food products to increase by over 50 percent in terms of value, exports had. The Ministry of Commerce and Industry has informed that in terms of quantity, the export of these products increased by 39 percent during the last financial year as compared to 2019-20, at 8 lakh 88 thousand metric tons. Organic products are exported from the country to 58 countries including USA, European Union, Canada, UK, Australia, Switzerland, Israel and South Korea.
5. Haryana launches Oxygen on Wheels initiative in government and private hospitals
The Karnal district administration in Haryana has launched a unique Oxygen on Wheels initiative to ensure uninterrupted supply of medical oxygen to government and private hospitals . Under this initiative, a vehicle filled with hundred oxygen cylinders is immediately sent to any district hospital if required. This vehicle is named Mobile Oxygen Bank . This service is available 24 hours, thereby meeting the demand of various hospitals in the area.
6. Uttar Pradesh wins “E-Panchayat Award 2021”
The Uttar Pradesh government has won the first place e-Panchayat Award 2021 in Category I. It is followed by Assam and Chhattisgarh in second place, while Odisha and Tamil Nadu are in third place. The Union Ministry of Panchayati Raj awards, every year, the states that ensure optimum use of information technology to monitor the work done by the gram panchayats.
7. United Kingdom to build world’s most powerful climate-change forecasting supercomputer
The Met Office and Microsoft will build a weather forecasting supercomputer in the UK . UK Government £ 1.2 billion in this projectWill invest This supercomputer will be among the top 25 supercomputers in the world. This will help in better understanding of climate change. The supercomputer will provide detailed weather models. It will help improve local forecasts. It will help predict severe weather. This supercomputer will run entirely on renewable energy. This will help in saving 7,415 tonnes of carbon dioxide in a year. Supercomputers release large amounts of heat and thus require a robust cooling system for their operation. It will have more than 5 million processor cores. The supercomputer will be able to do 60 quadrillion calculations per second, which is 60,000,000,000,000,000, 000. This supercomputer will be used to create a detailed city-scale simulation to provide localized climate reports. This will help the aviation industry with accurate forecasts of temperature and wind information. This in turn will help improve fuel efficiency. This will help Britain achieve its net zero target by 2050.
8. WHO’s E-2025 initiative
The World Health Organization has recently identified 25 countries with the potential to eradicate malaria by 2025 . This E-2025 initiative(E-2025 Initiative). The 25 countries identified will work to respond to the dual threat of malaria and COVID-19. The WHO will provide technical guidance and special support to these countries under this initiative. Among the countries identified, three African countries are e-Swatini, Botswana and South Africa. 94% of the total deaths from global malaria occur in Africa. Recent evidence has shown drug resistant mutations in Africa. South Africa is the hotspot of COVID-19 in Africa. Causes of COVID-19 2019 There has been a 44% increase in malaria in the country between 2020 and 2020. Because the vaccination campaign was not carried out due to the lockdown. In Botswana, there has been a five-fold increase in malaria. This was mainly due to reverse migration which took place from urban to rural area due to the lockdown.
9. The need to deploy oxygen nurses to prevent wastage of oxygen in hospitals and to keep data
Maharashtra Health Minister Dr. Rajesh Tope has said that there is a need to deploy oxygen nurses to prevent wastage of oxygen in hospitals and to keep its data . He cited the example of appointment of oxygen nurses in Nandurbar district in the year 2020. Dr. Tope said that the Maharashtra government has decided to appoint oxygen nurses due to the increase in the demand and supply gap of oxygen. Instructions have been given to make teams of oxygen nurses in all government medical institutions and hospitals. Earlier a nurse used to take care of 45 to 50 patients, but now an oxygen nurse will take care of only 15 to 20 patients.
10. US population increased by 7.4%
The US Central Bureau recently announced that the US population has increased by 7.4% . It is the second slowest growth of the American population after the Great Depression. The Population Bureau recently released the first set of data on the US population. The complete demographic data of the country is expected to be released by August 2021. The US population increased to 331,449,281 in 2020. This is a 4% increase and the second slowest growth in US history. The allocation of seats in the US Congress is based on the census. Recently released data shows that migration to the US is increasing. The 2010 census showed that America’s population is moving south and west.
11. WHO will provide India with 4,000 oxygen contractors
The World Health Organization recently announced that it would provide 4,000 oxygen concreters to help India in its fight against COVID-19 . The UK has recently sent 495 oxygen concentrators and 140 ventilators to India. Ireland announced that it is preparing to send 700 oxygen constrictors to India. Saudi Arabia has recently sent 80 tons of oxygen to India. Under Amazon’s Mega Air initiative, 8,000 oxygen constructors and 500 BiPAP machines were shipped from Singapore. Airlift will be done. Australia will send 500 ventilators, 100,000 goggles, 5,00,000 P2 and N95 masks, 100,000 pairs of gloves and 20,000 face shields. The United States is shipping many materials such as vaccine supplies, oxygen-related supplies, and medical science. AmazonHas joined hands with the Temasek Foundation, ACT Grants and other partners to help India fight the lack of oxygen under the Vayu initiative . Under this initiative, 500 BiPAP machines and 8,000 oxygen constructors will be transported from Singapore. Also, 1,500 Constructors are to be donated. Google recently announced that it will help India with relief aid. Google will provide financial assistance of Rs 135 crore through UNICEF and GiveIndia.
12. ADB Provides India $ 1.5 Billion for Kovid Response
ADB (Asian Development Bank) has COVID-19 India to fight the crisis 1.5 billion USDHas provided fiscal support. This is according to ADB’s annual report, 2020 which was recently released. The Asian Development Bank allocated USD 6 billion for the Asia and Pacific regions in 2020. This was done to support a green and sustainable recovery. In 2020, the Asian Development Bank allocated USD 1 billion for the COVID-19 pandemic. This is more than half of the total financial assistance provided by the bank. Out of the US $ 2 billion, 2.9 billion was for the private sector. Financial assistance by ADB for Asia and Pacific regions is 32% higher than in 2019. In 2019, the bank allocated USD 24 billion to the sector. In 2019, the bank focused on equity investment, grants and technical assistance in the public and private sector.
13. The central government provided more than 15 crore vaccines to the states for free.
Recently, the central government has provided more than 15 crore vaccines to states and union territories . According to the Union Health Ministry, there are currently more than 10 million doses of vaccine available with the states. India launched the world’s largest vaccination campaign on 16 January this year . Significantly, from May 1, 2021, vaccination will start for all people above 18 years of age.
14. Google and Microsoft announce funding for India to tackle COVID-19
Google and Microsoft have recently committed to helping India fight COVID-19. Google will provide $ 18 million (Rs 135 crore) . Microsoft will help India with relief efforts to purchase oxygen concentration devices . Google’s funding in the form of grants will go to non-profit organizations UNICEF and GiveIndia . Through GiveIndia, Google will provide cash assistance to families affected by the epidemic. The grant being provided to UNICEF will be used to provide immediate medical supplies. This includes testing equipment and life-saving oxygen equipment. Also, over 900 Google employees paid a total of Rs 7 crore.
15. World Immunity Week in the last week of April
World Immunization Week is celebrated every year in the last week of April . It aims to promote the use of vaccines. This year, in 2021, World Immunity Week is being celebrated under the theme Vaccines bring us closer . There are more than 20 million children in the world who are exempt from vaccination. During COVID-19, many children were not given measles and polio vaccines.
16. The Reserve Bank of India released a report on the state of the economy
The Reserve Bank of India recently released a report on the state of the economy for the month of April, 2021 . Inflation pressure may return due to the revival of COVID-19. In addition, restrictions and disruptions in the supply chain can increase inflationary pressures. Under the G-Sec Acquisition Program, RBI aims to purchase 1 trillion worth of bonds from the secondary market in the June quarter. The Reserve Bank of India has provided the following solutions in its economy report to deal with the COVID-19 crisis in the country:
  • Epidemic protocol
  • Enhancing hospital and ancillary capacity
  • Early vaccination
  • Strong and Sustainable Development with Financial Stability
17. Wildfire in mizoram
The Indian Air Force has recently deployed two Mi-17V5 helicopters equipped with Bambi buckets to control wildfires . A forest fire has erupted in the hills of South Mizoram. Mizoram’s Lunglei (Lunglei) and Aizawl, Where forest fires are currently raging, is the most fire-prone zone in India according to the Forest Fire Disaster Management Report, 2014. Between 2003 and 2016, Lunglei has caught fire 13,453 times so far. The fire season of the state is between February and May. The maximum fire incidence is reported in the months of April and May. Slash and burn or shifting cultivation, burning of agricultural residues, non-timber collection has increased the number of wildfires in the state. In 2021, so far, VIIRS (Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite) has reported 1,604 fire incidents.
18. ADB raises India’s GDP forecast to 11%
The Asian Development Bank recently released its Asian Development Outlook, 2021 . According to this report, India 11%Will grow at the rate of Recently ADB has provided financial assistance of US $ 1.5 billion to India to fight against COVID-19. According to the ADB, South Asia is expected to grow at 5% in 2021. The South Asian region declined by 6% in 2020. The region’s growth will be limited to 6.6% in 2022. Asia’s economic growth will be 3% in 2021. Countries like China, Hong Kong, Singapore and Taipei will register 7% growth in 2021 and 5.6% growth in 2022. The report categorizes these countries as new industrialized countries. GDP of East Asia is expected to grow 4% in 2021 and 5.1% in 2022. China’s GDP will grow at a rate of 1% in 2021 and at a rate of 5.5% in 2022. China’s strong exports will boost the country’s economic activity in 2021.
19. Workers Memorial Day: 28 April
Workers Memorial Day (Workers’ Memorial Day), which is also known as the International Memorial Day for dead and injured workers, each year April 28 is observed. Since 1996, this day has been organized around the world by the International Trade Union Confederation. The theme of the year 2021 is’ Health and Safety is a fundamental workers’ right ‘. The purpose of this day is to commemorate workers killed in work-related incidents or illnesses caused by work, and to honor the victims of occupational accidents and illnesses by organizing worldwide mobilization and awareness campaigns on this date.
20. World Day for Safety and Health at Work: 28 April
Every year on 28 April , World Day for Safety and Health at Work means World Day for safe and healthy work at work place. The day is celebrated to promote the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases around the world and to raise awareness about ensuring health and safety at the workplace. The 2021 theme is ” Anticipate, prepare and respond to crises – Invest Now in Resilient Occupational Safety and Health Systems “. The World Day of Safe and Healthy Work at Work is an annual international campaign to promote safe, healthy and efficient work. The International Labor Organization (ILO) announced the day to be celebrated every year on 28 April, which the International Labor Organization has been celebrating annually since 2003.
21. Famous Gujarati poet and folk singer Dadudan Gadhvi dies
Veteran Gujarati poet and folk singer Dadudan Pratapadan Gadhvi passed away. He was eighty years old. He was also known as the poet Dad . He was awarded the Padma Shri in 2021 for his contribution to literature and education . In addition, he wrote lyrics for 15 Gujarati films.
22. Renowned Odia writer Manoj Das dies in Puducherry
Renowned Odia writer Manoj Das died in Puducherry. He was 87. Born in Odisha in 1934, Manoj Das made an indelible mark in the literature of both Odia and English languages. President Ram Nath Kovind has expressed deep grief over the demise of noted educationist and author Manoj Das.
23. Prominent freedom fighter of Maharashtra Ashatai Pather passed away
Maharashtra ‘s Ratnagiri well-known district freedom fighters Ashatai Pather has died. She was one hundred years old. He took part in the Quit India Movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi in Sangli and Pune in 1942 . He was imprisoned by the British authorities for taking part in the movement.