TOPIC OF THE DAY:-“Iranian discontent”
There have been frequent and persistent reports in the Western media for several months about large-scale demonstrations and protests by Iranian people against the regime. Living conditions are difficult. Iran did not get the goodies that it expected after signing the JCPOA. Inflation is high. The Iranian rial is trading at 75,000 to the dollar. People are angry with the government. According to the well-researched work Democracy in Iran: Why It Failed and How It Might Succeed by American academic Misagh Parsa, disaffection among the people has manifested itself in several forms. Hundreds of mosques do not have imams and the attendance at Friday prayers has dramatically. Some are converting to Christianity and, according to Professor Parsa, even to the Baha’i faith, which is the largest non-Muslim community in Iran. Professor Parsa states that there is massive corruption as well as economic inequality in Iran. All in all, he suggests that it is quite likely that there might be a revolutionary upsurge, though he is careful not to indicate any timeline for it.
MEANINGS AND WORDS
Meaning: To remove nuclear weapons from a place.
Example: “The documents detailing proposals for denuclearizing the region were leaked to the press”
2) Lays down
Meaning: To officially establish a rule, or to officially state the way in which something should be done.
Example: “New managers tend to lay down the law and demand total compliance with their wishes”
Meaning: Affecting someone in a way that annoys them and makes them feel uncomfortable.
Example: “Intrusive questioning”
Meaning: Very enthusiastically or passionately.
Example: “Both men ardently supported the war”
Meaning: Causing anger or another strong reaction, especially deliberately.
Example: “A provocative article”
Synonyms: Annoying, Irritating
Antonyms: Soothing, Calming
Meaning: Agreement or harmony; compatibility.
Example: “The results show quite good congruence with recent studies”
Synonyms: Compatibility, Conformity
Meaning: Not often; rarely.
Example: “Islay is seldom visited by tourists”
Synonyms: Rarely, Infrequently
Antonyms: Often, Frequently
Meaning: Diminish gradually in size, amount, or strength.
Example: “Traffic has dwindled to a trickle”
Synonyms: Diminish, Decrease
Antonyms: Increase, Flourish
Meaning: An upward surge in the strength or quantity of something; an increase.
Example: “An upsurge in vandalism and violent crime”
Meaning: Exploit or draw a supply from (a resource).
Example: “Clients from industry seeking to tap Edinburgh’s resources of expertise”
Synonyms: Use, Utilize
Meaning: The action of imposing something, especially a law or regulation, again after a lapse.
Example: ‘Any reimposition of sanctions will doom talks’
Meaning: Cause to be or become; make.
Example: “The rains rendered his escape impossible”
Synonyms: Make, Leave
Meaning: Inflicting harsh and authoritarian treatment.
Example: “An oppressive dictatorship”
Synonyms: Harsh, Cruel
Antonyms: Lenient, Humane
Meaning: The feeling of being upset or annoyed as a result of being unable to change or achieve something.
Example: “Tears of frustration rolled down her cheeks”
Synonyms: Exasperation, Annoyance
Meaning: The action of freeing or state of being free from an obligation or liability imposed on others.
Example: “Vehicles that may qualify for exemption from tax”
Synonyms: Immunity, Exception