DRDO Develops Blood Oxygen Saturation Supplemental Oxygen Delivery System System


1. NASA Mars Helicopter Succeeded on Mars

Ingenuity helicopter (Mars Helicopter) sent to Mars through Percerence Rover has made its first successful flight there . This is the first time a helicopter has been flown on any other planet. According to the US Space Agency-NASA, the robot helicopter successfully flew and landed on Mars. This is the first controlled flight of an aircraft on another planet. This helicopter flew forty seconds as planned. This robotic helicopter went up to three meters, and then took a break for half a minute and successfully landed down.

  1. DRDO Develops Blood Oxygen Saturation Supplemental Oxygen Delivery System System

Defense Research and Development Organization – DRDO has developed a system that will be very useful for the warring Indian soldiers in high altitude areas. This system will be helpful for the country even in the most anomalous crisis of the Kovid epidemic . It has been developed by DRDO’s Defense Biological Engineering and Electro Medical Laboratory in Bangalore . The system S P O 2 – blood oxygen saturation supplemental oxygen delivery systemThe name has been given. This automatic system supplies SPO-2 level supplementary oxygen and protects people from hypoxia. Hypoxia is the deficiency of oxygen and in most cases this condition is fatal. In the current phase of the pandemic, this system is considered very useful, as it can be used by normal covid patients at home for oxygen flow therapy. The availability and ease of use of this system will reduce the workload on doctors and medical personnel and the risk of infection to doctors and medical personnel to monitor the patient’s SPO2 level.

  1. Israel and Greece signed defense deal

Israel and Greece have signed their largest defense procurement deal . The deal was worth US $ 1.65 billion. This will strengthen the economic and political relations between the two countries. Simultaneously, the two countries also launched a joint exercise. Under this agreement, a training center for the operation of the Hellenic Air Force (Air Force of Greece) will be established by Israeli Defense Contractor Elbit Systems for a period of 22 years. This training center will be built at the Israeli Flight Academy. The center will be equipped with ten M-346 training airplanes. These aircraft were manufactured by Leonardo of Italy. Under this agreement, Elbit will supply kits for the operation and upgrade of T-6 airplanes of Greece. The agreement was signed after a meeting in Cyprus between the Greeks, the UAE, Cyprus and Israel.

  1. National Internet Exchange of India launches 3 initiatives

Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology recently in the National Internet Exchange of India ‘s three new initiatives are launched. They are NIXI Academy, IP Guru and NIXI-IP-INDEX .
IP Guru: It is also called IPv6 which provides support to all Indian institutions who are finding it challenging to adopt IPv6. Will provide IPv6 services for free. It is a joint effort of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology and the Department of Telecommunications.
NIXI-IP Index: This is a portal developed for the Internet community. This will reflect the rate of adoption of IPv6 in India and the world.
NIXI Academy:It is created to educate non-technical and technical people in the country. It will teach techniques such as IPv6 that are not usually taught in educational institutions.
IP means Internet Protocol. It sets the rules for data distribution over public networks. Version 6 is the newest version of IP. It is also called IPng.

  1. Luna 25: Russia’s Moon Mission

Roscosmos will launch the Luna 25 by October 2021 . Roscosmos is the official space corporation of Russia responsible for space flights, aerospace research and cosmonautics programs. The Luna 25 (Luna 25) mission will carry a lander. The primary purpose of the Luna 25 is to prove landing technique. It will carry 30 kilograms of scientific equipment, including a robotic arm and drilling hardware, to collect soil samples. It will study the exosphere around the moon’s south pole. To date, there has been no spacecraft in this area of ​​the Moon. Many countries see this site as the location of the future moonshine. The project is funded by Roskosmos.

  1. NASA awarded $ 2.9 billion contract to SpaceX

The United States space agency National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has chosen Elon Musk ‘s SpaceX for its Artemis program to develop the first commercial lander and take the next two American astronauts to the moon . The total value of this contract is $ 2.89 billion. By 2024, SpaceX will develop a spacecraft ‘SpaceX Starship’ to take the next two American astronauts to the lunar South Pole region, including a female astronaut. NASA also aims to bring the first man to the lunar surface as part of the Artemis program. Between 1969 and 1972, the US brought 12 astronauts to the moon.

  1. Boris Johnson canceled his trip to India

United Kingdom Prime Minister Johnson has canceled his visit to India. In fact, due to the rapid increase in coronavirus cases in India, he has decided to cancel his visit to India. Earlier, Boris Johnson was scheduled to be the chief guest at the Republic Day of India in 2021, at which time his visit to India was also canceled. The British Prime Minister has invited 3 other countries for the G7 countries meeting, which includes India, Australia and South Korea. Earlier, the UK proposed the D-10 group, which would include India, Australia and South Korea in addition to the G7 countries. But this proposal is still in its initial stage, no specific progress has been made in it at the moment.

  1. Ministry of Rural Development Launches Gender Dialogue Event

Ministry of Rural Development has recently gender dialogue event launched (Gender Samvaad Event). It is a joint initiative between DAY-NRLM and IWWAGE . DAY-NRLM means Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana National Rural Livelihood Mission (Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana National Rural Livelihood Mission ). IWWAGE means ‘ Initiative for What Works to Advance Women and Girls in the Economy” is. Gender Samvaad provides opportunities for women agencies to understand the best practices of other states to improve them. For example, facilitating women’s access to and access to land rights in farmer producing organizations, public service Setting up strong institutions for distribution, best practices around food, nutrition, health, water and sanitation, etc. It helps to understand gender intervention globally. In addition, it offers tips on handling event implementation bottlenecks. Provides opportunities to engage with experts. It aims to promote the need to focus on gender issues.

  1. Multi-system inflammatory syndrome in children

Recently , doctors in the United States have reported neurological symptoms in children with Multi-System Inflammatory Syndrome in Children- MIS-C. MIS-C is a rare but serious disease in children and adolescents that usually occurs 2–6 weeks after a Kovid-19 infection. The disease affects the entire body, causing various body parts such as heart, kidney, brain. There may be swelling of skin, eyes, gastrointestinal etc. In children suffering from MIS-C, symptoms of abdominal pain, bleeding from the eye, feeling tired, diarrhea, etc. can be seen.

  1. Sino-US climate change cooperation

The two biggest polluters of the world are China and the US Climate changeHave agreed to work together to deal with the issues. They recently issued a joint statement that they would work together to maintain the Paris Agreement. This announcement precedes the Earth Day Leaders Summit. US President Joe Biden has invited 40 world leaders, including PM Modi and President Xi Jingping, to the World Leaders Summit on Climate. This summit will be held on World Earth Day i.e. 22 April. China had set NDC targets to achieve by 2020 and by 2030. They were as follows: Reducing the share of non-fossil fuels between 60% and 65% by 2030 compared to 2005. 5 billion cubic meters in the forest by 2020 and 6 billion cubic meters by 2023 as compared to the 2005 level Increase. The wind and solar power generation capacity will be increased to 1,200 GW by 2030. In December 2020, Chinese President Xi Jingping announced the new 2030 climate target. They were as follows: By 2030, solar power generation capacity will be increased to 1,200 GW. By 2060, carbon neutrality has been targeted.

  1. Italy launches first food park in India

Italy recently launched the first ” Mega Food Park ” in India which includes food processing facilities. It is the first Italian-Indian food park project undertaken in the country. The project is named “Mega Food Park”. The main objective of this project is to develop interaction between agriculture and industry. At the same time, this project will focus on research and development of efficient technologies in the area. It will be implemented by a Special Purpose Vehicle. It will connect agricultural production and markets. It will bring processors, farmers and retailers together, maximize value addition, increase farmers’ income, reduce wastage and Will help create employment opportunities.

  1. Health Sector covered in ECLGS Scheme

Ministry of Finance recently emergency credit line guarantee scheme(Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme) has been expanded to Rs 3 lakh crore. It aims to provide relief to stressed companies in the country. This includes business ventures mainly in the tourism, hospitality, travel and sports sectors. The National Credit Guarantee Trustee Company is the guarantee provider of the ECLGS scheme. The scheme has been expanded to companies in the health care and other stressed sectors, who have a loan outstanding for up to 60 days (SMA-1 accounts). The validity of the three ECLGS i.e. ECLGS 1.0, ECLGS 2.0 and ECLGS 3.0 has been extended till June 2021. SMA account means Special Mention Accounts. Symptoms of exacerbated stress appear in these accounts. SMA accounts whose payments are partially or fully overdue for 1–30 days are called SMA-0 accounts. SMA accounts for 31–60 days. There is an overdue payment,

  1. reappoints Murali Natarajan as MD and CEO of DCB Bank

Private sector lender, DCB Bank has received approval from the Reserve Bank of India for the reappointment of Murali M. Natrajan as Managing Director and CEO for a period of one year from April 29, 2021 . . He was appointed as MD and CEO of DCB Bank in May 2009. Prior to joining DCB, Natarajan worked with foreign banks Standard Chartered and Citibank.

  1. Ban on cryptocurrency in turkey

Turkey ‘s central bank prohibits the use of cryptocurrencies as payment, keeping in mind the risks present in the digital currencyHas been installed. The new rules also prohibit companies that control payments and electronic fund transfers associated with cryptocurrency platforms. According to Turkey’s central bank, the use of cryptocurrency is highly risky due to its ability to be used in criminal activity and extreme volatility of market value, as well as the lack of a joint regulation, supervision mechanism, or central regulatory authority and has a negative impact on the economy. May be required. This decision by Turkey has reduced the value of bitcoin by 4 percent. It is important to note that India is also proposing a law that prohibits cryptocurrency as well as anyone possessing or trading any such assets. Cryptocurrency is a type of digital currency,

  1. Tribunal Reforms Ordinance, 2021

The President of India recently implemented The Tribunals Reforms (Rationalisation and Conditions of Service) Ordinance, 2021 . It dissolved the appellate officers under 9 Acts and transferred their functions to the High Courts. The ordinance dissolved the Appellate Tribunals under 9 Acts: Cinematograph Act, 1952, Copyright Act, 1957, Trade Marks Act, 1999, Customs Act, 1962, Airports Authority of India Act, 1994, Geographical Indication of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999, National Highway Control (Land and Traffic) Act, 2002, Protection of Plant Varieties and Rights of Farmers Act, 2001, Patent Act, 1970
In addition, the ordinance states that the president and members of the tribunal will be appointed on the basis of recommendations made by a search-and-selection committee by the central government. The Committee shall consist of the Chief Justice of India, the Secretary designated by the Central Governments, the Secretary of the Ministry under which the Tribunal is constituted and the outgoing Chairperson or retired Chief Justice or retired Supreme Court Judge.

  1. Rating agencies slash India’s GDP forecast for FY22

COVID-19 arising from the risk of a resurgence of cases of economic recovery, leading Brokrejon the current financial year 2021-22 for the lowered growth projections for India’s gross domestic product is. There is a risk of less than 10 percent weak recovery on local lockdown for the current fiscal year. Forecasts of GDP growth for FY22 by several rating agencies are given below:

The agency FY22 (Revised Estimate) FY22 (prior estimate)
Nomura 12.6% 13.5%
JP Morgan 11% 13%
UBS 10% 11.5%
City Research 12% 12.5%

In FY 2020-21 (April 2020 to March 2021) ravaged by Kovid, the economy is projected to shrink by 8 percent. The growth in double-digit growth was seen in the current fiscal year before moderating the low base of FY’21 to 6.8 per cent in FY’23.

  1. Tourism and Culture Minister Prahlad Singh Patel inaugurated the first online exhibition on Ramayana yesterday

Tourism and Culture Minister Prahlad Singh Patel ‘s first online exhibition on Ramayana inaugurated. Weblink to an online exhibition www.nmvirtual.in/Virtual_Tour/Ramayan is. Mr. Patel addressed a webinar ‘ India’s Heritage: Powering Tourism ‘ on the occasion of World Heritage Day 2021 . The online exhibition showcases a collection of thirty-nine miniatures from various art schools in India at the National Museum, New Delhi. Mr. Patel said that India has a unique heritage of temples, dance, music and scriptures, which cannot be found anywhere in the world.

  1. Deepak Poonia won silver medal in Asian wrestling championship, India won 14 medals in championship

Deepak Punia said Kjhakstan of Almaty in Asian Wrestling Championships won the silver medal on the last day of. Deepak, who was confirmed for the Olympic Games, lost to Iran’s Hassan Yazdani Charati 0-10 in the 86 kg weight category freestyle event. Sanjeet won the bronze medal in the 92 kg weight category. He was defeated 8–11 by Rustam Shodiif of Uzbekistan. India has won 7 medals in the men’s freestyle event. India has won a total of 5 gold, 3 silver and 6 bronze medals in this championship . India has secured the third position in the medal table by winning 14 medals . Iran and KazakhstanThe medals topped the table with 17 medals each. Medalists of India –
Gold Medal

  • Ravi Kumar Dahiya – 57 kg Men’s Freestyle
  • Vinesh Fogat – 53 kg women’s freestyle
  • Anshu Malik – 57 kg Women’s Freestyle
  • Sarita Peacock – 59 kg Women’s Freestyle
  • Divya Kakran – 72 kg Women’s Freestyle

silver medal

  • Bajrang Punia – 65 kg Male Freestyle
  • Deepak Punia – 86 kg Male Freestyle
  • Sakshi Malik – 65 kg Women’s Freestyle

bronze medal

  • Karan Peacock – 70 kg Men’s Freestyle
  • Narasimha Yadav – 79 kg Men’s Freestyle
  • Sanjeet – 92 kg male freestyle
  • Satyavrat Kadian – 97 kg Men’s Freestyle
  • Seema Bisl – 50 kg Women’s Freestyle
  • Pooja Sihag – 76 kg Women’s Freestyle


  1. Max Verstappen wins Emilia-Romagna F1 Grand Prix 2021

Max Verstappen ( Red Bull – Netherlands) won the Emilia-Romagna F1 Grand Prix 2021 in Imola, Italy . This is his first win of the season. The race was the second round of the 2021 Formula One World Championship. Seven-time Formula One champion Lewis Hamilton ( Mercedes-Great Britain ) finished second after an accident and sustained damage with Mercedes teammate Valteri Bottas . Lando Norris (McLaren – Great Britain) took third place.

  1. World Liver Day: 19 April

To create awareness about the importance of liver / liver and related diseases, World Liver / Liver Day on 19th April every year worldwideIs organized. The liver performs various complex functions including detoxification and digestion to keep the human body healthy. It is to be known that the liver is the second largest organ in the human body and plays an important role in the digestive system. The liver functions primarily in the human body to combat infectious diseases, control blood sugar, remove toxins from the body, control cholesterol levels, and help blood clotting. Liver diseases can occur in a person due to various reasons, including unhealthy life and style of eating, excessive use of alcohol and fast food and excessive weight and type 2 diabetes etc. In addition, hepatic diseases can also be hereditary and genetic.

  1. Former footballer Ahmed Hussain died

The former international football defender of India, Ahmed Hussain Lala has passed away due to COVID-19 . He represented India at the 1956 Melbourne Olympics , where India finished fourth . Apart from this, he was also a part of the Indian team that won the gold medal in the 1951 Asian Games . Ahmed also participated in the 1958 Asian Games in Tokyo , Japan , in which India finished fourth. In club football, Ahmed played for Hyderabad City Police, Mohun Bagan and Mohammedan Sporting Club. In his career, he had won two Santosh Trophies, three Durand Cups and six Rovers Cups .