Important Points about Gujarat

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Important Points about Gujarat

 

Gujarat
Capital &
Major Cities
Gandhinagar
– Ahmedabad
– Surat
– Rajkot
– Bhuj
– Dwarka
– Vadodara
Districts 33
Formed
on
Mahagujarat Andolan
demanded creation of
state of Gujarat for
Gujarati-speaking people
from the bilingual Bombay state.
Resulted in the formation of
Gujarat and Maharashtra
on 1 May 1960.
Official
Language
Gujarati
Known as/for – Jewel of Western India
– Manchester of the East
– Has longest coastline
of 1,600 Km.
– Largest producer of
cotton in India
– Largest producer of
salt in India
– Largest producer of
groundnut in India
– Gulf of Khambat-
older than the ancient
Harappan civilization
dates back around
4,000 years.
Physical
Characteristics
4 geographical regions:
– Kathiawar or
Saurastra
– Kachchh
– Rann of Kachchh
– Gujarat Plain
Drier in the north
Natural
Vegetation
Tropical thorny
vegetation
Major
Rivers
– Sabarmati
towards Gulf of Cambay
from Dhebar Lake.
– Narmada (Rewa) 
flows from Narmada Kund
to the Gulf of Khambat.
–Tapti (Tapi)
flows from Multai
to the Gulf of Khambhat.
Major
Regional
Festivals
– Navratri
– Uttarayan
– Bhadra Purnima
Major
Art
Forms
– Garba
– Dandia Raas
Industry – Chemical fertilizers
– Petrochemicals
– Pharmaceuticals
– Polyester textiles
– Handicrafts
– Cotton textiles
– Cement
– Vegetable oil
Minerals Agate, Bauxite,
Dolomite, fire clay,
China clay, fluorite,
Fuller’s earth, kaolin,
Lignite, limestone,
Chalk, Calcareous sea sand,
Petroleum and natural gas,
Silica sand, Perlite
Agriculture Bajra, Jowar,
Rice,Wheat,
Tobacco, Cotton,
Groundnut, Linseed,
Sugarcane, Cumin,
Isabgul (Psyllium husk),
Mangoes and Bananas
Geographical
Indications
Sankheda Furniture,
Agates of Cambay,
Kutch Embroidery,
Tangaliya Shawl,
Surat Zari Craft,
Gir Kesar Mango,
Bhalia Wheat,
Kachchh ShaWS,
Patan Patola
State Animal Asiatic lion
State Bird Greater flamingo
State Flower Marigold
State Tree Mango
World
Heritage
Sites
Champaner
-Pavagadh
Archaeological Park,
Rani ki vav at Patan
(The Queen’s Stepwell)
Biodiversity
Hotspots
Western Ghats
Bird
Sanctuaries
Nalsarovar BS,
Gaga WS,
Khijadiya BS,
Kutch Sanctury,
Porbandar BS,
Thol Lake.
National
Parks
Blackbuck NP
Gir Forest NP
Marine NP
Gulf of Kutch
Vansda NP
Biosphere
Reserve
Kachchh
Wildlife
Sanctuaries
– Balaram Ambaji WS
– Barda WS
– Gaga Great Indian
Bustard WS
– Gir  WS
– Girnar WS
– HingolgadhWS
– Jambugodha WS
– Jessore WS
– Lala Great Indian
Bustard WS
– Kachchh Desert WS
– Khijadiya WS
– Mitiyala WS
– Nalsarovar BS
– Narayan Sarovar
(Chinkara) WS
– Paniya WS
– Porbandar Lake WS
– Purna WS
– Rampara Vidi WS
– Ratanmahal WS
– Shoolpaneswar
(Dhumkhal) WS
– Thol Lake WS
– Wild Ass WS
Marine
Protected Area
Marine
(Gulf of Kachchh),
Khijadia