INDIAN NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS

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Indian Nobel Prize Winners from 1913 to 2023

Nobel Prize Winners in India: Nobel Prize is one of the most recognized awards in the world and many Indian have been acknowledged with this prestigious award which is usually offered in six different fields, that is Literature, Physics, Chemistry, Economic Sciences, Peace and Physiology, or Medicine. The awardee of this honor are called Laureates and are given a gold medal, a diploma, and a monetary award. This article discusses the contribution of those handfuls of Indians who contributed their whole life to the well beginning of humankind. In respect of gratitude and honors, they have been awarded the Nobel Prize in different fields. Before directly jumping to know about the list of Winners of the Nobel Prize in India, Let us know about the History of the Nobel Prize, Nobel Prize Insignia, etc. Below is the full list of Indian Nobel Prize Winners from 1913 to 2023.

Nobel Prize Winners in India

The Nobel Prize is honored in memory of Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel and was started in the year 1901. It is usually conferred to those people who have brought the greatest benefit to mankind.  The First Indian to win this prestigious award was Rabindranath Tagore, he won this in the year 1913 for his profoundly sensitive, fresh, and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West. Below is the list of Nobel prize winners in India.

Indian Nobel Prize Winners List from 1913 to 2023
S.No. Nobel Prize Recipients  Category Year
1. Rabindranath Tagore Literature 1913
2. CV Raman Physics 1930
3. Har Gobind Khurana Medicine 1968
4. Mother Teresa Peace 1979
5. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Physics 1983
6. Amartya Sen Economics 1998
7. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan Chemistry 2009
8. Kailash Satyarthi Peace 2014
9. Abhijit Banerjee Economics 2019

 

History of The Nobel Prize

Nobel Prize is named after a well-known chemist, engineer, and inventor Alfred Nobel. He was born in Stockholm, Sweden. According to the Alfred Nobel Will 1895, noble prizes are conferred in five separate areas Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace, to those who have best severed humankind during the preceding years. He died in the year 1896, in his will he passed on his asset to be used for the establishment of prizes which are named “Nobel Prizes”. The Nobel prize was first awarded in the year 1901. In 1968, a central bank of Sweden, that is, Sveriges Riksbank funded the establishment of the Nobel Prize for Economic Sciences. From then onwards, Nobel Prizes are awarded in six different fields.

Nobel Prize Insignia

The awardee of The Noble Prize awarded is conferred with three things- a medal, a diploma, and award money. These medals and diplomas are designed and created by Swedish and Norwegian artists.

Nobel Prize Winners from India

Below we are sharing the Indian Nobel Prize Winner list from 1903 to 2023 in detail.

Indian Nobel Prize Winner in 2019- Abhijit Banerjee

An Indian-American economist Abhijit Banerjee was born on February 21, 1961, in Dhule (India). He is awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with his wife Esther Duflo and Harvard University’s Michel Kremer. He is currently serving at MIT as an international Professor of Economics. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, which awarded the Nobel Prize, commented “These winners of the 2019 Economics Prize have produced research that significantly improves our ability to fight global poverty”.

Year Recipient  Category Purpose
2019 Abhijit Banerjee Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences “for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty”.

Indian Nobel Prize Winner in 2014- Kailash Satyarthi

Kailash Satyarthi was born in Madhya Pradesh and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014 for his “struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education”. He is an activist who has dedicated his whole life to children’s rights and education spotlight, battling corporates for their use of child labor. He is the person who has brought children’s right to education to the spotlight through his work with UNESCO. He has shared this prestigious award with Young Pakistani Education Activist Malala Yousafzai.

Year Recipient Category Purpose
2014 Kailash Satyarthi Nobel Peace Prize  “ for the struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education”.

Indian Nobel Prize Winner 2009- Venkatraman Ramakrishnan

Indian-born American-British structural biologist Venkatraman Ramakrishnan was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2009 along with Thomas A. Steitz and Ada E. Yonath, he has been awarded for his work in “studies of the structure and function of the ribosome”. The Nobel Prize for Chemistry is given by The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Year Recipient Category Purpose
 2009 Venkatraman Ramakrishnan Nobel Prize in Chemistry “studies of the structure and function of the ribosome”

Indian Nobel Prize Winner in 1998- Amartya Sen

In 1998, Amartya Sen was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences “for his contributions to welfare economics”. He was born in Manikganj (British India) Sen studied economics and taught the subject in many reputed institutions in both the US and the United Kingdom. One of the greatest Indian Nobel Prize winners, his research papers on economics and social justice, theories of famines, and welfare economics earned him much recognition and many awards including the Nobel Memorial Prize in 1998.

Year Recipient Category Purpose
1998 Amartya Sen Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences “for his contributions to welfare economics”

Indian Nobel Prize Winner in 1983- Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

The Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar in 1983 for “his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars”. He is the nephew of another Nobel Laureate, Sir CV Raman. S. Chandrasekhar is an Indian-American mathematician. His invention relates to the establishment of the physical process involved in the evolution of stars. The upper limit of a dwarf’s mass was determined by him what is called as Chandrashekar Limit.

Year Recipient Category Purpose
1983 Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Nobel Prize in Physics “for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars”.

Indian Nobel Prize Winner in 1979- Mother Teresa

Mother Teresa was the first Indian woman to win the Noble Prize in the category of Peace in 1979. She was born in the Republic of Macedonia. At the age of 19, she moved to India She spent the rest of her life here as a Roman Catholic nun and as a missionary serving the “poorest of the poor” in slums in the city. Her humanitarian work led to the establishment of Missionaries of Charity.

Year Recipient Category Purpose
1979 Mother Teresa Nobel Peace Prize “for Humanitarian Work”

Indian Nobel Prize Winner in 1968- Har Gobind Khurana

Har Gobind Khurana was awarded Nobel Physics for Physiology or Medicine in the year 1968 along with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley “for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis”. H.G. Khurana is an Indian-American Biochemist. His research work relates to the synthesis of functional genes outside the living organism.

Year Recipient Category Purpose
1968 Har Gobind Khurana Nobel Physics for Physiology or Medicine “for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis”

Indian Nobel Prize Winner in 1930- CV Raman

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman or CV Raman is recognized for Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930 “for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him”. His discovery is also referred to as the “Raman Effect” – the phenomenon of change in wavelength in light rays that are deflected – is a path-breaking milestone in the understanding of physics. He is among the greatest Nobel Prize winners in India.

Year Recipient Category Purpose
1930 CV Raman Nobel Prize for Physics “for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him”.

Indian Nobel Prize Winner in 1913- Rabindranath Tagore

One of India’s most celebrated poets, musicians, and painters, Rabindranath Tagore was conferred with this dignified ward in 1913 in the field of Literature for “his profoundly sensitive, fresh, and beautiful verse”. Often called Bard of Bengal and Gurudev, Tagor is one of India’s most dignified figures in India. Rabindranath Tagore was the first person of Indian citizen and also the first Asian to be awarded the Nobel Prize.

Year Recipient Category Purpose
1913 Rabindranath Tagore Nobel Prize for Literature “for his profoundly sensitive, fresh, and beautiful verse”