PARAGRAPH ,WORDS AND MEANINGS

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Topic Of The Day:-“Change In Mizoram”

The MNF Faces The Task Of Upgrading Infrastructure And Diversifying The Economy

In the din over the Bharatiya Janata Party’s losses to the Congress in three States in the Hindi heartland, the dismal defeat of the ruling Congress party to the Mizo National Front in Mizoram has gone insufficiently noticed. With this, the Congress has lost its last remaining State in the Northeast, a region in which it was traditionally dominant. The BJP managed to mark its first and only victory in the State by winning the Chakma refugee-dominated Tuichawng seat in south Mizoram’s Lawngtlai district. But the BJP will consider the MNF’s victory as a significantaccretion to its set of fellow-travellers and alliance partners in the Northeast. The MNF is part of the North-East Democratic Alliance, an anti-Congress front formed by the BJP that includes all the other ruling parties in the region. While the MNF has come to power on its own, without analliance with the BJP, its membership in the NEDA means it is an ally of the BJP for all practical purposes. Despite an improvement in social indices in the State over its decade-long tenure, the Congress was always expected to face an uphill task to retain power because of growing anti-incumbency sentiment following allegations of corruption in recent years. The MNF’s victory was also aided by its strong positions on total prohibition, a promise that carried a lot of weight with conservative and influential Christian civil society groups in the State, which hadimplicitly lent support to the party.

The presence of the Zoram People’s Movement, a collective of seven parties formed just a few weeks before the Assembly elections, hit the Congress’s chances even more. The candidates of the ZPM contested as independents but garnered close to 23% of the vote, damaging the Congress in particular. The Congress’s vote share dipped to 30.2%, a 14 percentage point swing from its 44.6% share in 2013. The Congress’s total tally of five seats is its lowest-ever in the 40-member Mizoram Assembly. The MNF faces the task of diversifying the economy, given thedisproportionately large section of the population dependent on agriculture and horticulture. The New Land Use Policy launched by the Congress did bring a significant pause to jhum cultivation (the practice of slash and burn), but fell short of encouraging sustainable agricultural practices as the scheme effectively provided patronage for commercial crop-growing by select beneficiaries. Mizoram has the potential to be a gateway in the Act East and BIMSTEC connectivity schemes to extend trade routes from the Northeast to Myanmar and onwards. But it requires better road connectivity and infrastructure. This should be an important priority for the new MNF government.

MEANINGS AND WORDS

1) dismal

Meaning : causing a mood of gloom or depression.

Synonyms : depressing

Antonyms : cheerful

Example : “the dismal weather made the late afternoon seem like evening”

2) dominant

Meaning : having power and influence over others.

Synonyms : assertive

Antonyms : auxiliary

Example : “they are now in an even more dominant position in the market”

3) accrete

Meaning : grow by accumulation or coalescence.(v)

Synonyms : grow

Antonyms : abate

Example : “ice that had accreted grotesquely into stalactites”

4) alliance

Meaning : a union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations(n).

Synonyms : affiliation

Antonyms : discord

Example : “a defensive alliance between Australia and New Zealand”

5) Despite

Meaning : contemptuous treatment or behaviour; outrage(n).

Synonyms : against

Antonyms : exalt

Example : “the despite done by him to the holy relics”

6) retain

Meaning : continue to have (something); keep possession of.(v)

Synonyms : absorb

Antonyms : abandon

Example : “Labour retained the seat”

7) tenure

Meaning : give (someone) a permanent post, especially as a teacher or lecturer(v).

Synonyms : occupation

Antonyms : misconception

Example : “I had recently been tenured and then promoted to full professor”

8) implicitly

Meaning : in a way that is not directly expressed; tacitly.(adv)

Synonyms : regime

Antonyms : release

Example : “she implicitly suggested that he was responsible for the error”

9) lent

Meaning : contribute or add (a quality) to.

Synonyms : borrowed

Example : “the smile lent his face a boyish charm”

10) contested

Meaning : engage in competition to attain (a position of power)(v).

Synonyms : disputed

Antonyms : opted

Example : “she declared her intention to contest the presidency”

11) garnered

Meaning : gather or collect (something, especially information or approval).

Synonyms : reap

Antonyms : spend

Example : “the police struggled to garner sufficient evidence”

12) swing

Meaning : move by grasping a support from below and leaping.

Synonyms : stroke

Antonyms : stillness

Example : “we swung across like two trapeze artists”

13) influential

Meaning : having great influence on someone or something(adj).

Synonyms : dominant

Antonyms : inferior

Example : “her work is influential in feminist psychology”

14) conservative

Meaning : averse to change or innovation and holding traditional values.

Synonyms : timid

Antonyms : inconstant

Example : “they were very conservative in their outlook”

15) dipped

Meaning : put a hand or implement into (a bag or container) in order to take something out.

Synonyms : dive

Antonyms : ascent

Example : “Ian dipped into his briefcase and pulled out a photograph”

16) prohibition

Meaning : the action of forbidding something, especially by law.

Synonyms : constraint

Antonyms : allowance

Example : “they argue that prohibition of drugs will always fail”

17) diversifying

Meaning : make or become more diverse or varied(v).

Synonyms : transform

Antonyms : continue

Example : “the trilobites diversified into a great number of species”

18) incumbency

Meaning : the holding of an office or the period during which one is held.(n)

Synonyms : clamp

Antonyms : misconception

Example : “during his incumbency he established an epidemic warning system”

19) widely

Meaning : far apart; with a wide space or interval between.(adv)

Synonyms : extensively

Antonyms : narrowly

Example :”a tall man with widely spaced eyes”

20) adequately

Meaning : to a satisfactory or acceptable extent.(adv)

Synonyms : appropriately

Antonyms : inadequately

Example : “the resources required to prepare adequately will be extensive”

21) assigned

Meaning : designate or set (something) aside for a specific purpose.

Synonyms : accredit

Antonyms : deny

Example : “managers happily assign large sums of money to travel budgets”

22) designate

Meaning : appoint (someone) to a specified office or post(v).

Synonyms : nominate

Example : “he was designated as prime minister”

23) determined

Meaning : having made a firm decision and being resolved not to change it.(adj)

Synonyms : decisive

Antonyms : unfixed

Example : “Alina was determined to be heard”

24) diversifying

Meaning : make or become more diverse or varied.

Synonyms : expand

Antonyms : continue

Example : “the trilobites diversified into a great number of species”

25) disproportionate

Meaning : too large or too small in comparison with something else(adj).

Synonyms : excessive

Antonyms : moderate

Example : “people on lower incomes spend a disproportionate amount of their income on fuel”

26) significant

Meaning : sufficiently great or important to be worthy of attention; noteworthy.(adj)

Synonyms : important

Antonyms : insignificant

Example : “a significant increase in sales”

27) sustainable

Meaning : able to be maintained at a certain rate or level.(adj)

Synonyms : continual

Antonyms : untenable

Example : “sustainable economic growth”

28) patronage

Meaning : the support given by a patron(n).

Synonyms : auspices

Antonyms : blockage

Example : “the arts could no longer depend on private patronage”