List of Political Parties in India


List of Political Parties in India

In India, there are mainly 3 types of political parties –
1. National Parties
2. State Recognized Parties
3. Unrecognized Parties

S.No. Name of Party Abbreviation Foundation
1. Bharatiya Janata Party BJP 1980
2. Indian National Congress INC 1885
3. Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI-M 1964
4. Communist Party of India CPI 1925
5. Bahujan Samaj Party BSP 1984
6. Nationalist Congress Party NCP 1999
7. All India Trinamool Congress AITC 1998

1) Types of Political Parties in India – National Parties

What is a National Political Party?

A registered party is taken in as a National Party only when it fulfills any of the following conditions:

  • If the party wins 2% of Lok Sabha seats from at least three different states in India
  • If the party is recognized as a state party in four or more states in India
  • If the party polls 6% of votes in 4 states in addition to four seats in the Lok Sabha, at the general election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly.

There are 7 National Parties in India. Have a look a the list of these parties along with their year of foundation.

S.No. Name of Party Leader
1. Bharatiya Janata Party Amit Shah
2. Indian National Congress Rahul Gandhi
3. Communist Party of India (Marxist) Sitaram Yechury
4. Communist Party of India Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy
5. Bahujan Samaj Party Mayawati Prabhu Das
6. Nationalist Congress Party Sharad Pawar
7. All India Trinamool Congress Mamata Banerjee

Given below is the list of the National Political Parties and their leaders.

2) Types of Political Parties in India – State Recognized Parties

What is a State Political Party?

To be called as a State Political Party, a political party needs to fulfill any of the following conditions

  • The political party needs to win a minimum of 3% of the total number of seats in the legislative assembly
  • For every 25 seats in the Lok Sabha, the political party must win at least one seat. Alternatively, it needs to win any fraction there of allotted to that State.
  • The political party should win at least 6% of the total valid votes that are polled during the general election towards the Lok Sabha or State Legislative Assembly. And, in addition, it should win at least one Lok Sabha seat and two Legislative Assembly seats in that particular election.
  • As per the liberalized criteria, if a political party fails to win a seat in the State general elections to the Legislative Assembly of the State or the Lok Sabha, then, it needs to secure 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the State.

There are 48 State Recognized Parties in India. Here is a list of all those political parties.

S.No. Name Abbreviation Foundation
1. Aam Aadmi Party AAP 2012 Delhi, Punjab
2. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK 1972 Puducherry, Tamil Nadu
3. All India Forward Bloc AIFB 1939 West Bengal
4. All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen AIMIM 1927 Telangana
5. All India N.R. Congress AINRC 2011 Puducherry
6. All India United Democratic Front AIUDF 2004 Assam
7. All Jharkhand Students Union AJSU 1986 Jharkhand
8. Asom Gana Parishad AGP 1985 Assam
9. Biju Janata Dal BJD 1997 Odisha
10. Bodoland People’s Front BPF 1985 Assam
11. Desiya Murpokku Dravidar Kazhagam DMDK 2005 Tamil Nadu
12. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK 1949 Puducherry, Tamil Nadu
13. Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) HJC(BL) 2007 Haryana
14. Hill State People’s Democratic Party HSPDP 1968 Meghalaya
15. Indian National Lok Dal INLD 1999 Haryana
16. Indian Union Muslim League IUML 1948 Kerala
17. Jammu & Kashmir National Conference JKNC 1932 Jammu & Kashmir
18. Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party JKNPP 1982 Jammu & Kashmir
19. Jammu and Kashmir People’s Democratic Party JKPDP 1998 Jammu & Kashmir
20. Janata Dal (Secular) JD (S) 1999 Karnataka, Kerala
21. Janata Dal (United) JD (U) 1999 Bihar
22. Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM 1972 Jharkhand
23. Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) JVM(P) 2006 Jharkhand
24. Kerala Congress (M) KC(M) 1979 Kerala
25. Lok Janshakti Party LJP 2000 Bihar
26. Maharashtra Navnirman Sena MNS 2006 Maharashtra
27. Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party MGP 1963 Goa
28. Manipur State Congress Party MSCP 1997 Manipur
29. Mizo National Front MNF 1959 Mizoram
30. Mizoram People’s Conference MPC 1972 Mizoram
31. Naga People’s Front NPF 2002 Manipur, Nagaland
32. National People’s Party NPP 2013 Meghalaya
33. Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK 1989 Puducherry, Tamil Nadu
34. People’s Party of Arunachal PPA 1987 Arunachal Pradesh
35. Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD 1997 Bihar, Jharkhand
36. Rashtriya Lok Dal RLD 1996 Uttar Pradesh
37. Rashtriya Lok Samta Party RLSP 2013 Bihar
38. Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP 1940 Kerala, West Bengal
39. Samajwadi Party SP 1992 Uttar Pradesh
40. Shiromani Akali Dal SAD 1920 Punjab
41. Shiv Sena SS 1966 Maharashtra
42. Sikkim Democratic Front SDF 1993 Sikkim
43. Sikkim Krantikari Morcha SKM 2013 Sikkim
44. Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS 2001 Telangana
45. Telugu Desam Party TDP 1982 Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
46. United Democratic Party UDP 1972 Meghalaya
47. YSR Congress Party YSRCP 2011 Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
48. Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) SJP 1990 Uttar Pradesh
S. No. Name Abbreviation Foundation Year States
1 Bhartiya Gramin Samaj Party BGSP 2015 Madhya Pradesh
2 Amra Bangali AMB 1983 West Bengal
3 Bhartiya Minorities Suraksha Mahasangh BMSM 1994 Maharashtra
4 Hindustani Awam Morcha HAM 2015 Bihar
5 Indhiya Jananayaga Party IJK 2010 Tamil Nadu
6 Indian Bold Citizen Party IBCP 2016 Kerala
7 Jan Samaikyanshra Party JSP 2014 Andhra Pradesh
8 Jan Adhikar Party Loktantrik JAP 2015 Bihar
9 Jana Sena Party JSP 2014 Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
10 Kerala Congress (Jacob) KCJ 1991 Kerala
11 Kerala (B) KCB 1989 Kerala
12 Kongynadu Makkal Desia Katchi KMDK 2001 Tamil Nadu
13 Namathu Kongu Munnetra Kalagam MKMK 2016 Tamil Nadu
14 Kisan Party of India KPI 2014 Bihar
15 Lok Satta Party LSP 2006 Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
16 Manipur Peoples Party MPP 1968 Manipur
17 Manithaneya Makkal Katchi MMK 2009 Tamil Nadu
18 Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhgam MDMK 1992 Tamil Nadu
19 Janta Dal JD 2017 Bihar, Jharkhand
20 Odisha Janmorcha OJM 2013 Odisha
21 Param Digvijay Dal PDD 2014 Uttar Pradesh
22 Peace Party of India PPI 2008 Uttar Pradesh
23 Puthiya Tamilagam PTK 1996 Tamil Nadu
24 Rashtriya Samaj Paksha RSP 2003 Maharashtra
25 Rashtriya Ulama Council RUC 2008 Uttar Pradesh
26 Rashtriya Parirakshana Samiti RPS 2013 Andhra
27 Social Democratic Party of India SDPI 2009 Delhi, UP, Rajasthan, Gujarat,
Bihar, Madhya Pradesh,
Jharkhand, Goa, Tamil Nadu

3) Types of Political Parties in India – Unrecognized Parties

What is an Unrecognized Party?

  • An Unrecognized Political Party is the one who do not have the privilege of contesting the elections on a symbol of its own.
  • This[party have to choose one symbol out of the list of ‘free symbols’ issued by the poll panel.