PARAGRAPH,WORDS AND MEANINGS

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Topic Of The Day:-“Lokpal, At Last

The establishment of the anti-graft body is a welcome development

The selection of Justice P.C. Ghose as the first Lokpal has come after an unjustified delay of five years. Nevertheless, it ought to be welcomed as a milestone in the cause of fighting corruption in high places. The concept of an institutional mechanism, or an anti-corruption ombudsman, has been around for over 50 years. It was finally enacted as a law in 2013, and came into effect on January 16, 2014. Some of the credit for driving this legislation must be given to Anna Hazare’s movement against what many saw as unreasonable levels of corruption under the previous UPA regime. However, since then, barring a report by the Standing Committee of Parliament and a couple of amendments passed in 2016 on the declaration of assets by public servants, there has been very little progress. At one point, the government’s lack of political will to establish a Lokpal became obvious, leading to the Supreme Court repeatedly asking it to show progress in its efforts. Ultimately, it was the court’s stern ultimatum to appoint a Lokpal within a timeframe that worked. The appointment system is quite long, a two-stage process. A search committee has to be formed. It recommends a panel of names to the high-power selection committee, which comprises the Prime Minister, the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, the Leader of the Opposition, the Chief Justice of India (or his nominee) and an eminent jurist. The selection panel has to choose from a short-list consisting of names for the posts of Lokpal chairperson, and judicial and non-judicial members.

The government had initially taken the position that it was awaiting the passage of amendments based on the parliamentary committee report. One amendment pertained to including the leader of the largest party in the Opposition in the selection committee, in the absence of a recognised Leader of the Opposition. In averdict in April 2017, the Supreme Court rejected the excuse and said there was no legal bar on the selection committee moving ahead even if there was a vacancy. It is not clear why this simple amendment, carried out in respect of selection committees for the posts of CBI Director and Chief Information Commissioner, was not made in the Lokpal Act. The Congress leader in the Lok Sabha, Mallikarjun Kharge, did not want to attend selection committee meetings as a ‘special invitee’ and wanted full membership. Now that the Lokpal has been chosen, victims of corruption have a viable avenue of redress. The Lokpal will take over the work of sanctioning prosecution, besides exercising its power to order preliminary inquiries and full-fledged investigations by any agency, including the CBI. It may be unrealistic to expect any dramatic impact on the lives of the common people, but the Lokpal and other members have a historic responsibility to live up to popular expectations.

WORDS AND MEANINGS:-

1) enacted

Meaning : make (a bill or other proposal) law(v).

Synonyms : execute

Antonyms : hinder

Example : “legislation was enacted to attract international companies”

2) barring

Meaning : except for; if not for.

Synonyms : excepting

Example : “barring accidents, we should win”

3) eminent

Meaning : (of a positive quality) present to a notable degree.

Synonyms : esteemed

Antonyms : inferior

Example : “the book’s scholarship and eminent readability”

4) awaiting

Meaning : (of an event or circumstance) be in store for (someone).

Synonyms : pending

Antonyms : doubt

Example : “many dangers await them”

5) pertained

Meaning : be appropriate, related, or applicable to(v).

Synonyms : relate

Antonyms : disconnect

Example : “matters pertaining to the organization of government”

6) verdict

Meaning : a decision on an issue of fact in a civil or criminal case or an inquest.

Synonyms : decree

Antonyms : accusation

Example : “the jury returned a verdict of not guilty”

7) viable

Meaning : capable of working successfully; feasible.

Synonyms : feasible

Antonyms : impossible

Example : “the proposed investment was economically viable”

8) besides

Meaning : in addition; as well.

Synonyms : beyond

Antonyms : better

Example : “I’m capable of doing the work, and a lot more besides”

9) impact

Meaning : the action of one object coming forcibly into contact with another.

Synonyms : brunt

Antonyms : avoidance

Example : “there was the sound of a third impact”