100th meeting of G-20 in Varanasi, agricultural scientists from 20 countries will participate


1. 100th meeting of G-20 in Varanasi, agricultural scientists from 20 countries will participate

The G20 meeting of leading  agricultural scientists  will begin in  Varanasi . The theme of the meeting is ” Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems for Healthy People and Planet “, which matches India’s G20 presidency theme ” One Earth, One Family, One Future “. The three-day meeting   is being organized by the Department of Agricultural Research and Education  and  the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare . Around 80 foreign delegates from G20 member countries will participate in the meeting. Director General of Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Dr. Himanshu Pathak told that this 100th meeting related to G20  Will be During this, issues of agricultural research and development including food security and nutrition, climate smart agriculture, digital agriculture, public-private partnership will be discussed.  It is also proposed to discuss the International Research Initiative on Millets and Other Ancient Grains – Maharishi as a G20 initiative during India’s chairmanship.  Maharishi aims to advance collaboration in research and increase awareness of millets and other ancient grains in the International  Millet Year 2023 and beyond.

2. Dr. Jitendra Singh inaugurates World Diabetes Convention

Union Minister  Dr Jitendra Singh  while   inaugurating the three-day  World Diabetes Convention organized by  prestigious professional organization “ Diabetes India ” in New Delhi said that India has a huge pool of patients with different stages of the disease but at the same time At the same time, there is no dearth of ability, capacity and skill among our researchers. It is noteworthy that Dr.Jitendra Singh himself is also a renowned diabetes specialist. ‘World Diabetes Day’ ie ‘ World Diabetes Day ‘  is celebrated every year  on 14 November .

3. In the second meeting of the India-Peru Joint Commission, the two countries reviewed the traditional friendly relations

 The second meeting of the India-Peru Joint Commission  was held in  New Delhi . In the meeting, both the countries reviewed the traditional friendly relations, as well as discussed enhancing cooperation in important areas of mutual interest, including trade and investment. The meeting was co-chaired by Saurabh Kumar, Secretary, Eastern Affairs, Ministry of External Affairs, and Ignacio Agueras, Deputy Foreign Minister of Peru. Both countries discussed current relevant issues of regional and multilateral importance. India and Peru also agreed to cooperate in multilateral fora and international organizations.  Peru expressed gratitude for raising the voice of the Global South ie the less developed and developing countries of the world under the chairmanship of G20  .

4. Indian High Commission in Bangladesh opens 16th Visa Application Center

The High Commission of India  in  Bangladesh  has opened its 16th Visa Application Center  in  Kasba Kushtia,  South-West Bangladesh  . High Commissioner Pranay Verma inaugurated the new Visa Application Centre. The opening of the visa application center will make it easier for residents of Kushtia and its surrounding areas to obtain visas to visit India. The release issued by the High Commission said that with the opening of the new visa centre, tourism, trade will get a boost and people-to-people exchanges will increase.  This is the largest center in the world of the Indian High Commission in Bangladesh  . Most of the tourists coming to India are from Bangladesh. These include Bangladeshis receiving medical facilities. In the year 2019-20, more than 16 lakh visas were issued in Dhaka.

5. G-7 countries agree to reduce emissions from vehicles, joint statement issued in Sapporo, Japan

The environment ministers of the G-7 countries have agreed to make efforts to reduce emissions from vehicles. A joint statement issued at the end of a two-day conference on climate and energy issues in Sapporo, Japan, agreed to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 50 percent by 2035 from 2000 levels. The main focus has been on how to reduce carbon emissions from auto mobiles. The G-7 countries will review their progress each year towards achieving the goal. The agreement calls on member states to help reduce emissions from a variety of vehicle types, including hybrids. A new target has also been set to prevent pollution from plastic waste in the sea by 2040. Environment ministers have included these agreements in a joint statement that is expected to be discussed at next month’s G-7 summit in Hiroshima.

6. 65 year old Mysore Paints & Varnish Company supplied one lakh 30 thousand vials of indelible ink for use during assembly elections in Karnataka

Mysuru Paints & Varnish Limited in Mysore  is again in the news   during  the assembly elections  in  Karnataka as it is the only company allowed to make indelible ink used in Lok Sabha elections in India. Is. The Maharaja of Mysore Nalwadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar established the factory in the year 1937 to provide employment to the people and to utilize the natural resources from the surrounding forests. In the year 1962, it was chosen to make indelible ink, which was first used in the country’s third Lok Sabha election. Since then the company has supplied ink for every election across India. It has also exported ink to other countries. This unit was converted into a Public Limited Company in the year 1947, one of the important public sector companies of Karnataka. Indelible ink, also known as ‘voter’s ink’, ensures that no eligible voter votes twice in an election, thus playing an important role in avoiding fraud and multiple voting.

7. Draft ‘Sagarmala Innovation and Start-up Policy’ released for consultation with stakeholders

 To encourage  innovation and entrepreneurship in the maritime sector in India,  the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways has  recently   released the Draft Sagarmala Innovation and Start-up Policy . The objective of this policy is to create a conducive environment for the growth of start-ups and other entities in the maritime sector, which will lead to sustainable growth and increase employment opportunities. The primary objective of the Sagarmala Innovation and Start-up Policy is to nurture start-ups and other institutions to co-create the future of India’s growing maritime sector. The policy aims to create an innovation ecosystem promoting entrepreneurship, innovation and technology in the maritime sector.

8. Aviation security regulator retains “Category 1” status of India’s aviation security oversight

Recently  the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the aviation safety regulator  of  the US  , rated the aviation safety and  retained the  ” Category 1 ” status of India’s aviation safety oversight . The Federal Aviation Administration conducts the International Aviation Safety Assessment (IASA) program annually, testing included audits and reviews in the year 2022. This evaluation is used to determine whether a country’s aviation safety inspection standards meet the  International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standards. whether it complies with the safety standards or not. FAA has informed Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) that India meets international standards for aviation safety inspection of Chicago Convention and its Annexes and FAA maintains IASA Category 1 status The last assessment was done in July 2018. Countries listed under ‘Category-1’ meet ICAO standards for security oversight of civil aviation. ICAO is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN), established in 1944, which laid the foundation for standards and procedures for peaceful global air navigation. Its headquarter is located in Montreal, Canada.

9. Union Government announces launch of 2 quality control orders for 31 textile products

 02 quality control orders   for 31 items  comprising 19 geotextile products and 12 protective clothing products in the first phase after Ministry of  Textiles completed due process of notification of technical regulations(Quality Control Orders- QCO) announced to start. These quality control orders are the first technical regulation issued by India for the technical textile industry. Geotextile products are used for infrastructure projects and environmental applications, while protective clothing is used to protect human life from hazardous and adverse working conditions. Issued Quality Control Orders will endeavor to provide the best protection preferences to users and target consumers. This step will boost the quality of Indian products, Which will be at par with global standards. These two Geotextile Products and Protective Clothing Products Quality Control Order shall come into force immediately after 180 days from the date of its publication in the Official Gazette. The conformity assessment requirements specified in these Quality Control Orders are equally applicable to domestic producers as well as foreign manufacturers who wish to export their goods to India.

10. US and Philippines participate in Balikatan Drills

Balikatan  Drills   is an annual military exercise between the United States and the Philippines . The name “Balikatan” is derived from the Tagalog word for “shoulder to shoulder”, reflecting the strong partnership between the two countries. More than 17,600 military personnel are involved in the Balikatan exercise, of which about 12,200 are from the US and 5,400 from the Philippines. The exercise includes a variety of drills including live-fire drills and boat-sinking rocket assaults. The purpose of the exercise is to enhance interoperability and preparedness of the US and Philippine armed forces.

11. Shahrukh Khan and Rajamouli among the 100 most influential people in the world

Film director  SS Rajamouli  and actor  Shah Rukh Khan  are  among the 100 most influential people  in the world  . Time Magazine  has   included the names of both in its list released for 2023 . Author  Salman Rushdie  and TV host and judge  Padma Lakshmi  also made it to the list. Other names included in the list include US President Joe Biden, Britain’s King Charles, Syrian-origin swimmers and social activists Sara Mardini and Yusra Mardini, and billionaire Elon Musk.

12. India-European Union Free Trade Agreement: CII

The possible signing of a free trade agreement  between  India and the European Union  is seen as a positive step to boost economic ties between the two regions. The Chamber of Indian Industry (CII)  has emphasized the benefits of this agreement, which can act as a catalyst to promote India-Europe relations. If the free trade agreement is signed, it could lead to an increase in trade between India and the European Union as well as open up new investment opportunities. Sanjeev Puri, Vice President of CII and Chairman and Managing Director of ITC Limited, has told that this agreement can further strengthen India-Italy relations.

13. Researchers create detailed map of invisible dark matter

Recently,  researchers  have created a detailed map  of   invisible  dark matter , which  makes up 85% of the universe . New Findings  Cosmology  Based on  Einstein  ‘s  Theory of Gravitation correspond to the standard model. The researchers used the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) to map dark matter using light from the early universe, known as cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation. The researchers used CMB radiation to map dark matter to learn how it interacts with the gravity of massive objects such as galaxies and clusters of dark matter. The gravitational field generated by these objects bends and distorts the light passing through them, helping to detect dark matter. “Dark matter” is a hypothetical object present in the universe, But it is invisible and has nothing to do with light. Dark matter is important for understanding the structure of the universe. It helps to understand the distribution of matter in galaxies and the cosmic landscape. Understanding dark matter is critical to developing a full understanding of the universe and its evolution.

14. Graphene exhibits an unusual strong magnetoresistance at room temperature: Research

UK  researchers   have discovered another property of graphene . It  has an unusual giant magnetoresistance at room temperature. (Giant Magnetoresistance – GMR) displays. The GMR phenomenon is observed when an adjacent magnetic field affects the conductivity of an electrical resistance. It is used in hard disk drives and magnetoresistive RAM in computers, biosensors, automotive sensors, microelectromechanical systems, and medical imagers. GMR-based devices are basically used for magnetic field sensing. The new study finds that graphene-based devices do not require a minimum temperature for sensing these fields, unlike their conventional ferromagnetic counterparts. Graphene is a thick layer of carbon atoms arranged in a hexagonal lattice. It is the basic constituent of graphite. It’s flexible, transparent and incredibly strong, as well as the world’s thinnest, It is the most thermally and electrically conductive material. Graphene is also known as a wonder material because of its immense potential in the energy and medical worlds.

15. Save Elephant Day: 16 April

Save the Elephant Day  is observed every year on 16 April and the day aims to promote awareness of the issues faced by elephants and inspire efforts to protect these majestic  animals  . The theme for Save the Elephant Day 2023 is “ Safeguarding Elephant Habitats for a Sustainable Tomorrow ”.

16. World Voice Day: 16 April

World Voice Day (WVD)  is an international event observed every year  on 16 April  to recognize the importance of the human voice in our daily lives. Successful communication depends on a healthy and properly functioning voice. The WVD aims to raise global awareness of how to prevent voice-related problems, train the artistic voice, treat damaged or abnormal voices, and conduct research about the functions and uses of the voice.