DRDO to present two tableaux during Republic Day parade on 26 January


1.Home Minister Amit Shah released the country’s first District Good Governance Index today in Jammu

Union Home Minister and Cooperation Minister Amit Shah released India’s first District Good Governance Index in Jammu through virtual medium . The District Good Governance Index for Jammu and Kashmir has been prepared by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances in collaboration with the Jammu and Kashmir Administration. Union Minister Dr. Jitendra Singh and Jammu and Kashmir Lieutenant Governor Manoj Sinha were present on the occasion.were also present. This index provides the benchmark of good governance at the district level for all the states and union territories of India. Shri Shah said that the Good Governance Index of the districts will benefit all the people of the country. He said that this index would ensure healthy competition among the districts. The J&K District Good Governance Index covers 10 sectors of governance with 116 data items and 58 indices covering agriculture services, commerce and industry, human resources, environment, justice and public security, social welfare and development.

2.Prajakta Koli becomes India’s first UNDP Youth Climate Champion

Content creator and actress Prajakta Koli became India’s first ‘ UNDP Youth Climate Champion ‘ . He won the title as part of his partnership with UNDP. She has been conferred with this title for her contribution towards mental health, girl child education and women’s rights through various global social campaigns. Prajakta will now be tasked to interact with youth to raise awareness on issues like global warming, climate crisis, loss of biodiversity and their effects, as the tremors of these issues are being felt by all sections of the society, poor and including marginalized communities. Prajakta Koli is an Indian YouTuber and actress known for her YouTube channel as “ MostlysaneKnown by. She makes comedy videos, mostly focusing on observational comedy related to daily life situations. Prajakta Koli has in the past spoken with ‘ Shameless ‘ on issues like body shaming and online bullying under her campaign #iPledgeToBeMe . The campaign started in 2016 on World Mental Health Day . She is the global ambassador of YouTube ‘s ‘ Creators for Change ‘ initiative . She is known for attracting people’s attention to trolling and homophobia through the ” No Offence Campaign “. His “No Offence Campaign” New York on International Day of Tolerancewas displayed at the United Nations Headquarters . In 2019, he received an invitation from the “ Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation” for the “ Annual Goalkeepers Summit ”. In 2021, she joined Google ‘s Impact Challenge to provide grants to nonprofits that address the economic inequalities faced by girls and women.

3.Government will encourage the use of drones in agriculture – financial assistance is being given under ‘Sub Mission on Agricultural Mechanization’

In a major initiative aimed at promoting quality farming in India , the Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare released guidelines to make drone technology affordable for the stakeholders in the sector. “ Sub Mission on Agricultural Mechanization ” ( SMAM)), which envisaged grant of up to 100 per cent of the cost of agricultural drones or Rs 10 lakh, whichever is less. This amount will be given as a grant for the purchase of drones by Agricultural Machinery Training and Testing Institutes, ICAR Institutes, Krishi Vigyan Kendras and State Agricultural Universities. Under this, this technology will be demonstrated on a large scale in the fields of farmers. Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs) will be eligible to get a subsidy of up to 75 per cent of the cost of the agricultural drone for its demonstration on farmers’ fields. 6,000 per hectare contingency will be provided to implementing agencies who are not willing to buy drones but want to hire them from custom hiring centres, hi-tech hubs, drone manufacturers and start-ups. Contingency expenditure for those implementing agencies will be limited to Rs.3,000 per hectare, Who want to buy drone for drone performance. Financial aid and grants will be available till March 31, 2023.

4.The World Economic Forum announced its annual meeting for the first time during the Kovid pandemic from 22 May to 26 May this year in Davos, Switzerland.

The World Economic Forum has announced that its annual meeting will be held in Davos , Switzerland from 22 May to 26 May this year for the first time during the COVID pandemic .will be in The annual meeting of the world’s political leaders, economic and business leaders traditionally takes place in January at the Swiss ski resort of Davos. But it was not organized since January 2020 and the meeting had to be postponed repeatedly. There was a proposal to organize it in Singapore as well. The World Economic Forum’s founder and president, Klaus Schwab, said in a statement that political leaders, business leaders and social elites will meet in person this year after all virtual meetings over the past two years. The World Economic Forum said that there is a need to create an atmosphere of trust so that with the cooperation of all, action can be accelerated and challenges can be resolved. This year’s theme is ‘Working Together’ establish trust. Under this, leaders will get an opportunity to take stock of the situation in the world and shape the policies for the future. The Geneva-based organization said it would be in contact with the government of Switzerland regarding the COVID-19 situation.

5.Environment Ministry launched ‘Star Rating System’

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has recently launched “ Star Rating System ”. This system provides environmental clearance in a short period of time. The environment ministry will rank and incentivize the states with this new system. The ministry will find out the states which provide the environmental clearance efficiently in less time. After this it will give incentives to such states. For this, the star rating system assigns scores to the states on a scale of seven. States get two points for approving a project in less than 80 days. One score is awarded for clearing in 105 days. Zero marks will be awarded for clearing beyond this period. It provides conditions for the State Environment Impact Assessment Authorities (SEIAA). These conditions are based on the following:

  • Offers waiting for more than 30 days
  • Reference proposals waiting for more than 30 days
  • Percentage of settlement of fresh terms of reference
  • Environment clearance waiting for more than 105 days
  • re-evaluation of complaints

This system will provide star rating to SEIAA. The rating is awarded on the basis of the performance of the Authority in the last 6 months. These ratings are updated at the end of the month. The average time taken to give approval has been reduced to 75 days. Earlier it was 105 days. 105 days are as per the Environment Impact Assessment Notification, 2006.

6.DRDO to present two tableaux during Republic Day parade on 26 January

Defense Research and Development Organization-DRDO will present two tableaux during the Republic Day parade on 26 January . In the first tableau, a state-of-the -art electronic radar named Uttam will be presented. Apart from this, five different types of air weapons will also be displayed in the tableau. To further enhance the firepower of the state-of-the -art Light Combat Aircraft Tejas , the Electronic Warfare Jammer will also be demonstrated. In the second tableau, a tableau of indigenously prepared operational power of submarines of the Indian Navy will also be presented. This is the world’s most modern system of its kind, in which electricity is produced in submarine itself using fuel cell technology .is the arrangement. Through this technology, the submarine can remain under the sea for a long time. According to the old system, diesel and electricity have been used for power generation.

7.China is building a bridge in Pangong Tso

China is building another bridge over Pangong Tso amid the ongoing standoff between India and China in eastern Ladakh . This formation is being detected by satellite images. China is building bridges on the north bank of Pangong Tso and near friction points on the Chushul sub-region on the south coast. This bridge is about 400 meters long and 8 meters wide. The bridge is being built about 20 km east of Finger 8 on the north bank. According to India, the Line of Actual Control is located at Finger 8. The construction site of this bridge is within the claim line of India. Although this area has been under Chinese control since 1958. Pangong Tso is a 135 km long land surrounded by lake. About two-thirds of this lake is under Chinese control. This bridge is about half way.

8.AIIB to invest $150 million in Asia’s data infrastructure

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is set to invest $150 million in the development of data centers to serve mostly emerging Asia . AIIB will access the funds through the Keppel Data Center Fund II (KDCF II), a private equity vehicle. It is managed by Alpha Investment Partners Limited (Alpha). This will be AIIB’s first data center project. The fund focuses on strategic investments in the rapidly growing data center sector with a focus on Asia Pacific. Multilateral development banks have been investing in digital infrastructure in the past. In the current times, with the acceleration of 5G technology and other high speed or supercomputing digital infrastructure amid the COVID-19 pandemic, such investments are becoming more necessary.

9.Russia may ban cryptocurrencies

On January 20, 2022 , the Russian central bank launched cryptocurrencyBut proposed to crack down. If this step is adopted, it could disrupt the growing cryptocurrency sector as Russia is one of the largest crypto-mining countries across the world. The proposal was made because Russian authorities have been critical of cryptocurrencies for years, as they can be used for illegal activities. Russia’s central bank called for the strengthening of restrictions on cryptocurrency payments, a ban on cryptocurrency mining, as well as tightening laws on the trading of virtual currency. In Russia, the authorities gave legal status to cryptocurrencies in 2020. However, their use in payments was never authorized. The use of cryptocurrencies poses significant threats to the welfare of Russian citizens as well as the stability of the financial system. Cryptocurrency is a collection of binary data, which acts as a medium of exchange. Individual coin ownership records are stored in a digital ledger. A digital ledger is a computerized database that uses strong cryptography to capture transaction records. In general, cryptocurrencies are fiat currencies, as they are not backed or convertible into commodities.

10.Delhi Police: ‘Operation Sajag’

According to North West District Delhi Police , there has been a 24% reduction in the number of calls to the Police Control Room after the launch of ‘ Operation Sajag ‘.I have come According to the police, 8006 criminals and anti-social elements including robbers and snatchers have been arrested since the start of the operation. There has been a huge drop of 24% in PCR calls due to ‘Operation Sahaj’ and other such effective policing methods implemented by the police. Preventive action has increased by 47%. Street crime has declined by 33%. ‘Operation Sajag’ was launched on October 4, 2021 with an aim to curb the incidents of street crime. It was started by North West District Delhi Police. The initiative includes thorough investigation and special searches. As part of this operation, patrolling was also enhanced by adding more patrol bikes in the area to control street crimes and nab the criminals. The operation primarily focuses on tracing the source of firearms, illicit alcohol, drugs and stolen property.

11.MY2022: Security concerns emerge in Chinese Olympic app

Amid cybersecurity concerns over a Chinese Olympic app called ‘ MY2022 ‘ , National Olympic Committees (NOCs) have asked athletes from some Western countries to leave personal devices at home or make temporary phones at the Winter Games in Beijing.recommending using. NOC will provide their athletes and staff with temporary equipment to address safety risks and to counter any surveillance during the Games. The Winter Olympic Games will be held from February 4 to February 20 in Beijing, China. The advice of the US Olympic and Paralympic Committee states that, it should be assumed that every text, online visit, Email and application access can be monitored. The advisory suggests deleting all data from personal devices before and after travel or using rental or disposable laptops and phones in Beijing. It also recommends members to set up a virtual private network (VPN) on the devices before leaving the US. The Canadian Olympic Committee has also advised members to consider leaving their personal equipment at home and take extra precautions. The Swiss and Swedish committees will also provide their team with new tools and information to take measures against cybersecurity. The British Olympic Association also offered practical advice to athletes and staff about carrying their personal equipment to Beijing.

12.IEA releases ‘Electricity Market Report’

The International Energy Agency (IEA) released its preliminary 2022 edition of the bi-annual ‘ Electricity Market Report ‘ . According to this report, countries are turning to fossil fuels in a big way to meet the increase in electricity demand . Global electricity demand up 6% year-on-year in 2021Hui. It was the largest year-on-year increase recorded by the IEA since the 2008 economic downturn. Global energy intensity decreased by 1.9% year-on-year. The decline was only half the level needed to lay the foundation for net-zero by 2050. In 2021, electricity generation from renewable energy increased by 6% year-on-year. Production from coal increased by 9%. This growth was led by markets such as China and India. Gas-powered production increased by 2%. This growth resulted in a 7% year-on-year increase in emissions from the electricity sector. Despite the growing net-zero movement, according to the IEA, countries are failing to address the increased electricity demand from increased emissions. According to the IEA, electricity sector emissions will remain at the same level for the next three years. Net-zero by 2050 of the IEA, in contrast to the 2019 baseline,

13.UNCTAD releases ‘Investment Trends Monitor’ report, FDI inflows into India to decline by 26% in 2021

The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD – UN Conference on Trade and Development) ‘ Investment Trends Monitor ‘ report was published on January 19, 2022 . According to this report, the inflow of foreign direct investment (FDI) into India in 2021 is 26% less than in 2020.Was. Global FDI inflows showed a strong rebound in 2021. It rose 77% to $1.65 trillion. In 2020, FDI inflows stood at $929 billion. The recovery of investment flows to developing countries is encouraging. However, the stagnation of new investment in less developed countries, in production capacity and in industries critical to key Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) sectors such as food, health and electricity, is a major cause for concern. FDI inflows to developing economies increased by 30%. It reached about $870 billion. Growth rates accelerated by 20% in East and South-East Asia. The recovery is close to pre-pandemic levels in Latin America and the Caribbean. FDI inflows to South Asia decreased by 24%. In 2021, it reached $54 billion, compared to $71 billion in 2020. In the US, FDI grew by 114% to $323 billion.

14.Central government is going to make changes in IAS (cadre) rules

The Government of India has recently proposed changes in the rules for the appointment of IAS officers . These changes were proposed by the Ministry of Personnel and Training on behalf of the Government of India . The ministry has said that the states are not providing sufficient number of officers to be appointed centrally. Central Deputation Reserve for the StatesContribution is mandatory. Because of this there is a shortage of officers in the centre. IAS officers are appointed on the basis of IAS Rules – 1954. Rule (6) states that an IAS officer shall be appointed by the Central Government or State Government or any other association or body of individuals or company. The body or association shall be substantially or wholly owned by the Central Government or the State Government. The Government of India has proposed to amend rule (6). The central government wants to appoint officers proportionately to the center and the state concerned. The number of IAS officers working from state to center will be decided by the central government. These decisions are taken after consultation with the state governments.

15.Antimicrobial resistance now leading cause of death: Lancet study

A recent study by the Lancet states that antimicrobial resistance is now the leading cause of death. HIV and malariahas also been left behind. This study said that in 2019, antimicrobial resistance killed more than 1.27 million people all over the world. This is more than those who die from malaria and HIV. It is a condition where disease-causing microbes such as bacteria and viruses become resistant to drugs. Medicines and antibiotics are no longer able to kill them. Microbial resistances are life threatening. As the resistance of microbes is increasing, doctors increase the dosage. Powerful doses kill germs. But they also affect the cells of the human body. And the organs begin to deteriorate. The human body cannot take antibiotics after a certain level. Low- and middle-income countries are most affected by antimicrobial resistance. Out of 4.95 million deaths in the world in 2019. 27 deaths were due to antimicrobial resistance. The number of deaths due to malaria was 640,000. The number of AIDS deaths was 860,000. Researchers studied 23 different types of disease-causing bacteria. Of these, only 6 caused 3.57 million deaths.

16.Education Ministry surveys to know about loss of education during COVID

The Ministry of Education conducted a survey to know about the disadvantages of education during the COVID period . This survey was conducted in November 2021 . Three districts of Andhra Pradesh and 16 districts of Tamil Nadu could not participate due to heavy rains. All other districts participated in the survey. This survey is called ” National Achievement Survey ” .) is called. It was organized with the help of district level coordinators. Earlier, such a survey was conducted in 2017. The results of this survey are released in the form of report cards for different districts. And all district data are compiled at the national level. The survey was conducted in 1.23 lakh schools. The government intends to identify learning barriers caused by the pandemic and take remedial measures. The schools were closed in February 2020. Then he took online classes. The digital divide in the country had a huge impact on the educational outcomes of children. This survey was designed by NCERT. In Class III, around 6,37,867 students were expected to come to school or take online classes. However, only 5,40,325 attended the classes. Around 84.71% students appeared in class III. 6,29 in class V, 870 students were expected to attend the classes. But only 5,45,910 students appeared in the classes. Around 86.67% students appeared in class V. In class VIII, 11,74,609 were expected to attend classes. But only 10,54,437 students attended the classes. About 77% of the children attended the classes. 13,44,539 were expected in class X. But only 12,59,758 children attended the class. It is 93.69%. The participation rate in class X was the highest as compared to other classes. The loss of education was more among the lower grade students. This affected his reading and counting skills. Primary classes were suspended during this survey. 437 students participated. About 77% of the children attended the classes. 13,44,539 were expected in class X. But only 12,59,758 children attended the class. It is 93.69%. The participation rate in class X was the highest as compared to other classes. The loss of education was more among the lower grade students. This affected his reading and counting skills. Primary classes were suspended during this survey. 437 students participated. About 77% of the children attended the classes. 13,44,539 were expected in class X. But only 12,59,758 children attended the class. It is 93.69%. The participation rate in class X was the highest as compared to other classes. The loss of education was more among the lower grade students. This affected his reading and counting skills. Primary classes were suspended during this survey.

17.’Climate of India during 2021′ report released

The India Meteorological Department (IMD) published its ” Climate of India during 2021 ” report on January 21, 2022 . According to this report, the year 2021 is the fifth warmest year in India.Ever since the nationwide record began in India in 1901. India lost 1,750 lives due to extreme weather events in 2021. Maharashtra was the worst-affected state with 350 deaths. Of the extreme weather events, lightning and thunderstorms claimed the most lives of 787, followed by floods, heavy rains and landslides that killed 759. Cyclones were responsible for 172 deaths in different states in 2021. On warming events, the report found that 11 of the 15 hottest years in India were during the last 15 years, i.e. 2007 to 2021. The highest heat was observed during 2016. A warming of 0.71 °C was recorded in that year, above the “Long Period Average (LPA).

18.Omo I: Oldest human fossil discovered

Ancient human fossils discovered in Ethiopia may be 2,30,000 years old . According to a recent study, one of the oldest known Homo sapiens fossils, Omo Kibish I (Omo Kibish I), may be about 35,000 years older than previously thought. This study used volcanic ash to work out the age of the fossils and thus had a 22,000-year margin of error. Omo Kibish I was first detected in Ethiopia in 1967. It was difficult to date directly as it contained only bone and skull fragments. As a result, experts have long been divided on its age. In 2005, geologists analyzed the rock layer. They came to the conclusion that the Omo I fossil was at least 1,95,000 years old. This date was calculated by analyzing the layers of ash deposited on the fossils. The new minimum age for Omo I is in line with the latest theories of human evolution. The study also brings it closer to the age given to the oldest Homo sapiens remains, which were discovered in Morocco in 2017. The remains in Morocco date back to 300,000 years ago. Omo I is the only fossil,

19.Changes were made in the program ‘Mentor of the country’

The ‘ Desh Ke Mentor ‘ program was launched by the Delhi government in October 2021 . This program connects Class 9, Class 10, Class 11 and Class 12 students with mentors. National Commission for Protection of Child Rights) had recommended the Delhi government to postpone the ‘Desh Ke Mentor’ program. After this, the Delhi government has added new features to it. Concerns were raised about the safety of the children participating in the programme. therefore, Related suggested changes have been made. Children and unknown people are brought together by this program. This poses a safety risk to children. There is no system of police verification to provide the authenticity of the mentor. Due to this there is a possibility of crime related to children. These concerns have been expressed under Section 13 and Section 15 of the Commission for Protection of Child Rights Act. Police officers will verify the mentors. The conversation between the mentors and the children will be recorded. Mentors and children are not allowed to meet offline. Only online meetings are allowed. Contact details of mentors and children will not be displayed. Both the participants will not know about each other’s whereabouts.

20.digital government mission

The Digital Government Mission was launched by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology . This mission will provide government services to the citizens . Machine learning and artificial intelligence to provide these serviceswill use. It assimilates automated processes. For example, a student applying for a scholarship will receive an alert directly from the department concerned. He doesn’t need to be questioned. It also provides easy access to food grains under the public distribution system. This includes reminders for renewal of driver’s license, renewal of documents issued by the government. The objective of this mission is to reach out to the citizens even before they start inquiring about a scheme. This is the next stage of e-governance. The Government of India started e-governance 15 years ago. Since then it has digitized income tax, certificates, passports, land records etc. Also, the Government of India launched NODE (National Open Digital Ecosystem) in 2020. It aims to replicate the success of UPI, GST, Aadhaar. This mission is supported by well built platform Digital India, Support will be provided by National Mission on Education using Aadhaar, ICT, Digit Dhan Abhiyan, BPO Scheme and UPI. These well established systems will act as the foundation.

21.RBI releases Digital Payments Index

The Reserve Bank of India recently released the Digital Payment Index . According to this index, there is a 40% increase in digital payments in the country in September 2021 as compared to March 2021.happened. The index measure of online transactions in September 2021 was 304.06. It was 270.59 in March 2021. In September 2020, the measurement of online transactions stood at 217.74. This index is released in the months of March and September. The base year for RBI Digital Payments Index is 2018. This means that the index’s score for the March period was set at 100. The index value has increased by 2.7 times within three years. This index has been prepared on the basis of five parameters. They are payment enabler (25%), consumer centricity (5%), payment performance (45%), supply side factor (15%), and demand side factor (10%). The index is published on a half-yearly basis. It was first released in March 2021.

22.Tripura celebrates 44th Kokborok Day

Kokborok Day , also known as Tripuri Language Day , is celebrated annually in the Indian state of Tripura on 19 January with the aim of developing the Kokborok language . The day commemorates the initial recognition of Kokborok as an official language in 1979 . The 44th Kokborok Day is celebrated on 19 January 2022 . The official language of Tripura is the Kokborok language, also known as Tripuri or Tiprakok . In 1979, Kokborok, along with Bengali and English, was declared an official language of the Indian state of Tripura by the state government.

23.Former India football player and coach Subhash Bhowmick passes away in Kolkata

Former India football player and coach Subhash Bhowmik passed away after prolonged illness at a nursing home in Kolkata. He was 72 years old. West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has expressed grief over the demise of Bhowmik. Bhowmik was a member of the Indian team that won the bronze medal at the 1970 Asian Games. He played for both East Bengal and Mohun Bagan football clubs and also served as the coach of East Bengal. He played a big role in helping East Bengal win the Asia Cup football tournament in 2003.