Topic of the day:- A Group Of Theocracies: On Why India Should Rebuff OIC On Kashmir
“India Must Rebuff Attempts By The OIC To Interfere In Its Internal Affairs”
The improvement in India’s ties with the Gulf countries is often cited as a major success of the present government. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s focus on relations with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), which he has visited more than once in his tenure, and his personal tieswith their most powerful royals, has yielded accolades and promises of investment. In March 2019, it resulted in then External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj addressing the 57-member Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) in Abu Dhabi, a breakthrough for India. Thegovernment’s outreach to the grouping was seen as a way of strengthening ties with the “Muslim world” including West Asian countries where more than six million Indians live and work. It was therefore disappointing for the government to note that in June, the OIC appointed a “special envoy” on Jammu and Kashmir, and subsequently issued several strongly worded statements on the government’s decision to amend Article 370 of the Constitution, the Supreme Court verdict on the Ayodhya dispute and the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019, or the CAA. And last week, according to Pakistani officials, the OIC decided to convene a special meeting in Islamabad in 2020 to discuss the Kashmir issue and the repercussions of the CAA, after discussions the Saudi Foreign Minister had in Islamabad. It should be clear to the government that the engagement with the grouping this year was a miscalculation. In any case, the basis of the OIC is a unity between theocratic Muslim states, an idea that India, as a secular country with a large Muslim population has never been aligned with. At all costs, attempts by the OIC to make statements and arrogate to itself the well-being of India’s Muslims must be rebuffed as gross interference. However, New Delhi must note that the OIC’s recent statements also stem from a broader tussle within the grouping that has become a concern for traditional leaders, the KSA and the UAE. The challenge comes chiefly from Malaysia, where Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad has revived his plans for a “reformed” OIC, and has enlisted other challengers to the Riyadh-Abu Dhabi domination of the pan-Islamic movement including Iran, Turkey and Qatar. In that sense, the OIC’s criticism of India is a clear attempt at reaffirming its leadership of the movement. New Delhi must strengthen ties with its strategic partners in the region on both sides of the divide without taking sides or becoming collateral damageinthe internecine warfare between them. But it must also be wary of groupings with nothing in common other than a religious world view.
MEANINGS AND WORDS
Meaning: the holding of an office.
Synonyms: Term in Office, regime, reign
Antonyms: release, misconception
Example Sentence: “his tenure of the premiership would be threatened”
Meaning: produce or generate (a result, gain, or financial return).
Synonyms: Produce, Bear, Give, Supply
Antonyms: Debt, Payment
Example Sentence: “this method yields the same results”
Meaning: an award or privilege granted as a special honour or as an acknowledgement of merit / an expression of praise or admiration.
Synonyms: Honour, Recognition, Privelage
Example Sentence: “the hotel has won numerous accolades”
Meaning: a sudden, dramatic, and important discovery or development / an instance of achieving success in a particular sphere or activity.
Synonyms: Advance, Development, Step Forward
Antonyms: Decline, Decrease, Loss
Example Sentence: “a major breakthrough in DNA research”
Meaning: the extent or length of reaching out.
Synonyms: Overdo, Overact, Overextend
Example Sentence: “the loving outreach of God to the world”
Meaning: a messenger or representative, especially one on a diplomatic mission.
Synonyms: Delegate, Diplomat, Emissary
Example Sentence: “the UN special envoy to Yugoslavia”
Meaning: a decision on an issue of fact in a civil or criminal case or an inquest.
Synonyms: Answer, Conclusion, Decision
Example Sentence: “the jury returned a verdict of not guilty”
Meaning: a disagreement or argument / a disagreement between management and employees that leads to industrial action.
Synonyms: Brawl, Conflict, Controversy
Antonyms: Accord, Agreement, Calm
Example Sentence: “a territorial dispute between the two countries”
Meaning: come or bring together for a meeting or activity; assemble.
Synonyms: Assemble, Gather
Antonyms: Disperse, Divide, Scatter, Separate
Example Sentence: “he had convened a secret meeting of military personnel”
Meaning: an unintended consequence of an event or action, especially an unwelcome one.
Synonyms: backlash, effect, fallout
Example Sentence: “the move would have grave repercussions for the entire region”
Meaning: Relating to or denoting a system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god.
Example Sentence: A theocratic state
Meaning: Take or claim (something) without justification.
Example Sentence: They arrogate to themselves the ability to divine the nation’s true interests
Meaning: Reject (someone or something) in an abrupt or ungracious manner.
Example Sentence: I asked her to be my wife, and was rebuffed in no uncertain terms
Meaning: A vigorous struggle or scuffle, typically in order to obtain or achieve something.
Example Sentence: There was a tussle for the ball
Meaning: Restore to life or consciousness.
Example Sentence: Both men collapsed, but were revived
Meaning: state again strongly.
Example Sentence: The prime minister reaffirmed his commitment to the agreement
Meaning: something pledged as security for repayment of a loan, to be forfeited in the event of a default.
Example Sentence: she put her house up as collateral for the bank loan
Meaning: destructive to both sides in a conflict.
Example Sentence: The region’s history of savage internecine warfare
Meaning: engagement in or the activities involved in war or conflict.
Example Sentence: guerrilla warfare
Meaning: Feeling or showing caution about possible dangers or problems.
Example Sentence: Dogs which have been mistreated often remain very wary of strangers