PARAGRAPH,WORDS AND MEANINGS

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Topic of the day:- A Group Of Theocracies: On Why India Should Rebuff OIC On Kashmir

India Must Rebuff Attempts By The OIC To Interfere In Its Internal Affairs”

The improvement in India’s ties with the Gulf countries is often cited as a major success of the present government. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s focus on relations with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), which he has visited more than once in his tenure, and his personal tieswith their most powerful royals, has yielded accolades and promises of investment. In March 2019, it resulted in then External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj addressing the 57-member Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) in Abu Dhabi, a breakthrough for India. Thegovernment’s outreach to the grouping was seen as a way of strengthening ties with the “Muslim world” including West Asian countries where more than six million Indians live and work. It was therefore disappointing for the government to note that in June, the OIC appointed a “special envoy” on Jammu and Kashmir, and subsequently issued several strongly worded statements on the government’s decision to amend Article 370 of the Constitution, the Supreme Court verdict on the Ayodhya dispute and the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019, or the CAA. And last week, according to Pakistani officials, the OIC decided to convene a special meeting in Islamabad in 2020 to discuss the Kashmir issue and the repercussions of the CAA, after discussions the Saudi Foreign Minister had in Islamabad. It should be clear to the government that the engagement with the grouping this year was a miscalculation. In any case, the basis of the OIC is a unity between theocratic Muslim states, an idea that India, as a secular country with a large Muslim population has never been aligned with. At all costs, attempts by the OIC to make statements and arrogate to itself the well-being of India’s Muslims must be rebuffed as gross interference. However, New Delhi must note that the OIC’s recent statements also stem from a broader tussle within the grouping that has become a concern for traditional leaders, the KSA and the UAE. The challenge comes chiefly from Malaysia, where Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad has revived his plans for a “reformed” OIC, and has enlisted other challengers to the Riyadh-Abu Dhabi domination of the pan-Islamic movement including Iran, Turkey and Qatar. In that sense, the OIC’s criticism of India is a clear attempt at reaffirming its leadership of the movement. New Delhi must strengthen ties with its strategic partners in the region on both sides of the divide without taking sides or becoming collateral damageinthe internecine warfare between them. But it must also be wary of groupings with nothing in common other than a religious world view.

MEANINGS AND WORDS

1.Tenure

Meaning: the holding of an office.

Synonyms: Term in Office, regime, reign

Antonyms: release, misconception

Example Sentence: “his tenure of the premiership would be threatened”

2. yielded

Meaning: produce or generate (a result, gain, or financial return).

Synonyms: Produce, Bear, Give, Supply

Antonyms: Debt, Payment

Example Sentence: “this method yields the same results”

3. accolades

Meaning: an award or privilege granted as a special honour or as an acknowledgement of merit / an expression of praise or admiration.

Synonyms: Honour, Recognition, Privelage

Example Sentence: “the hotel has won numerous accolades”

4. breakthrough

Meaning: a sudden, dramatic, and important discovery or development / an instance of achieving success in a particular sphere or activity.

Synonyms: Advance, Development, Step Forward

Antonyms: Decline, Decrease, Loss

Example Sentence: “a major breakthrough in DNA research”

5. outreach

Meaning: the extent or length of reaching out.

Synonyms: Overdo, Overact, Overextend

Example Sentence: “the loving outreach of God to the world”

6. envoy

Meaning: a messenger or representative, especially one on a diplomatic mission.

Synonyms: Delegate, Diplomat, Emissary

Antonyms: Receiver

Example Sentence: “the UN special envoy to Yugoslavia”

7. verdict

Meaning: a decision on an issue of fact in a civil or criminal case or an inquest.

Synonyms: Answer, Conclusion, Decision

Antonyms: Accusation

Example Sentence: “the jury returned a verdict of not guilty”

8. dispute

Meaning: a disagreement or argument / a disagreement between management and employees that leads to industrial action.

Synonyms: Brawl, Conflict, Controversy

Antonyms: Accord, Agreement, Calm

Example Sentence: “a territorial dispute between the two countries”

9. convene

Meaning: come or bring together for a meeting or activity; assemble.

Synonyms: Assemble, Gather

Antonyms: Disperse, Divide, Scatter, Separate

Example Sentence: “he had convened a secret meeting of military personnel”

10. repercussions

Meaning: an unintended consequence of an event or action, especially an unwelcome one.

Synonyms: backlash, effect, fallout

Antonyms: Cause

Example Sentence:  “the move would have grave repercussions for the entire region”

11. theocratic

Meaning: Relating to or denoting a system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god.

Example Sentence: A theocratic state

12. arrogate

Meaning: Take or claim (something) without justification.

Synonyms: Appropriate

Antonyms: Abstain

Example Sentence: They arrogate to themselves the ability to divine the nation’s true interests

13. rebuffed

Meaning: Reject (someone or something) in an abrupt or ungracious manner.

Synonyms: Chide

Antonyms: Accept

Example Sentence: I asked her to be my wife, and was rebuffed in no uncertain terms

14. tussle

Meaning: A vigorous struggle or scuffle, typically in order to obtain or achieve something.

Synonyms: Brawl

Antonyms: Agreement

Example Sentence: There was a tussle for the ball

15. revived

Meaning: Restore to life or consciousness.

Synonyms: Refreshed

Example Sentence: Both men collapsed, but were revived

16. reaffirming

Meaning: state again strongly.

Synonyms: Continue

Antonyms: Destroy

Example Sentence: The prime minister reaffirmed his commitment to the agreement

17. collateral

Meaning: something pledged as security for repayment of a loan, to be forfeited in the event of a default.

Synonyms: Ancillary

Antonyms: Chief

Example Sentence: she put her house up as collateral for the bank loan

18. internecine

Meaning: destructive to both sides in a conflict.

Synonyms: Domestic

Antonyms:

Example Sentence: The region’s history of savage internecine warfare

19. warfare

Meaning: engagement in or the activities involved in war or conflict.

Synonyms: Battle

Antonyms: Peace

Example Sentence: guerrilla warfare

20. wary

Meaning: Feeling or showing caution about possible dangers or problems.

Synonyms: Attentive

Antonyms: Careless

Example Sentence: Dogs which have been mistreated often remain very wary of strangers