PARAGRAPH,WORDS AND MEANINGS

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TOPIC – Old  and slow

Ever since Australia and England played the first-ever Test at Melbourne in March 1877, cricket’s longest format has constantly evolved. Timeless Tests were dispensed with and rest days within a game were discarded while faster siblings One Day Internationals and Twenty20s emerged. As the abridged variants attracted fans and commerce, Tests of recent vintage also embraced the day and night spectacle. Through these changes, nations have tested themselves in bilateral series with the Ashes and India Pakistan clashes having stronger brand equity. Yet, there was a demand for context, a yearning that these languid affairs with breaks for lunch and tea over five days coalesce into something more significant. Limited overs’ cricket had World Cups but in Tests, it was all about annual rankings. The International Cricket Council (ICC) stepped in to plug this gap with the World Test Championship (WTC) and the inaugural final will feature India and New Zealand, the leading two teams based on points garnered since 2019. The summit clash commencing at Southampton’s Ageas Bowl on Friday, presents an opportunity for both India and New Zealand to gain some ICC silverware that is missing in their trophy cabinets. The respective countries have suffered a title drought with New Zealand winning the ICC Knockout tournament, as the Champions Trophy was known then, back in 2000 while India claimed the ICC Champions Trophy in 2013. Previously, Virat Kohli’s and Kane Williamson’s men had riveting jousts though it was the New Zealanders who mostly emerged on top. India lost the 2019 World Cup semi-final at Manchester and last year in New Zealand, won the T20Is and then succumbed in the ODIs and Tests. A neutral venue can negate home advantage but New Zealand may feel more comfortable while taking into account the playing surface and the prevailing weather. However, India has the confidence gleaned from winning in Australia while also getting the better of England when Joe Root’s men came visiting. Meanwhile, true to its giant slayer tag, New Zealand edged past England with a 1­0 verdict in the two-Test series over the last fortnight. Williamson and company have been in cricket’s birthplace for a longer time with additional matches under their belt while India has the solace of intra-squad warmup games. The simplistic trope would be Indian batting against opposition bowling but times have changed and Kohli has an incisive pace arsenal led by Jaspreet Bumrah besides solid backup in a spin. The teams seem equal and the provision for an extra sixth day should come in handy as rains are forecast. If there is a draw or a tie, the championship will be shared which is ideal as in their unique ways, India and New Zealand have repeatedly proved their mettle.

MEANINGS AND WORDS

1. Evolved (verb)- To develop over many thousands of years from simple forms to more advanced ones

Synonyms –Advanced, matured, derivative, progressed, excogitated

Antonyms –Ancient, primordial, immature, abecedarian, introductory

 

2. Abridged (adjective)- Shortened by condensing or rewriting

Synonyms – Abbreviated, concise, succinct, curtailed, compressed

Antonyms – Diffuse, comprehensive, absolute, unmitigated, consummate

 

3. Languid (adjective)- Slow in progress

Synonyms – Sluggish, lethargic, torpid, apathetic, spiritless

Antonyms – Energetic, vivacious, dynamic, enthusiastic, vigorous

 

4.Coalesce (noun)- To combine into one body or community

Synonyms – Merge, amalgamate, conflate, consolidate, integrate

Antonyms – Intervene, disperse, scatter, cleave, segregate

 

5. Garnered (verb)- To obtain or collect something such as information or support

Synonyms – Amassed, accumulated, hoarded, reaped, stockpiled

Antonyms – Dispelled, ungrouped, widely disseminated, distributed

 

6. Riveting (adjective)- Capable of arousing and holding the attention

Synonyms – Fascinating, spellbinding, entrancing, beguiling, hypnotizing

Antonyms – Tedious, insipid, wearisome, banausic, lackluster

 

7. Negate (verb)- Show to be false

Synonyms – Invalidate, abrogate, neutralize, counteract, gainsay

Antonyms – Corroborate, avouch, substantiate, accredit, aggravate

 

8. Gleaned (verb)- To obtain information, knowledge

Synonyms – Culled, amassed, compiled, catheterized, thronged

Antonyms – Distributed, widely sown, ungrouped, broadly spread

 

9. Slayer (noun)- Someone who causes the death of a person or animal

Synonyms – Butcher, slaughterer, manslayer, eradicator, torpedo

Antonyms – Cleric, godhead, nobleman, originator, architect

 

10. Incisive (adjective)- Suitable for cutting or piercing

Synonyms – Penetrating, trenchant, penetrative, acerbic, discerning

Antonyms – Apathetic, bewildered, unperceptive, psychopathic, impassive

 

11. Arsenal (noun)- A place where arms are manufactured

Synonyms – Armory, storehouse, ordnance, armaments, granary

Antonyms – Dissipate, disburse, lavish, squander, absence